|Malus domestica 'Arkansas Black'|
|Origin||about 1870, Benton County, Arkansas|
Arkansas Black apples are generally medium-sized with a somewhat flattened shape. Generally a very dark red on the tree, occasionally with a slight green blush where hidden from the sun, the apples grow darker as they ripen, becoming a very dark red or burgundy color. With storage the skin continues to darken. Arkansas Black is one of the darkest of all apple cultivars, hence the name. A variant of the Huaniu apple, the Black Diamond has an even darker colour.
The flesh in good years is notably hard and crunchy when fresh, though it does soften somewhat with keeping. Fairly tart when fresh-picked, the apples mellow with storage. Arkansas Blacks are considered an excellent keeping apple, and can be stored for six months in appropriate conditions.
Though the cultivar is grown throughout the United States, it is said that the best apples come from western Arkansas where the cultivar originated. Popular as a fresh picked apple at roadside stands and produce markets, the apple has begun to enter commercial distribution and so is now becoming more widely available.
- Beach, S.A.; Booth, N.O.; Taylor, O.M. (1905), "Arkansas Black", The apples of New York, Albany: J. B. Lyon, pp. 49–50
- Arkansas Black apple - description, flavour, origins and discussion of this apple variety
- Apple Journal--Variety Notes (page 1)
- Encyclopedia of Arkansas
- Arkansas Apple History