Arkansas Highway 1
|Maintained by AHTD|
|Length:||159.88 mi (257.30 km)|
|Existed:||1926 – present|
|South end:||US 278 in McGehee|
| US 65 / US 165 in McGehee
US 165 at Back Gate
US 49 in Marvell
US 79 in Marianna
US 70 in Forrest City
I-40 in Forrest City
US 64 in Wynne
Future I-555 / US 49 / US 63 in Jonesboro
|North end:||Route BB, Missouri state line|
|Counties:||Desha, Arkansas, Monroe, Phillips, Lee, St. Francis, Cross, Poinsett, Craighead, Greene, Clay|
Highway 1 (AR 1, Ark. 1, and Hwy. 1) is a north–south state highway in east Arkansas. The route of 159.88 miles (257.30 km) runs from US Route 278 (US 278) in McGehee north to Supplemental Route BB at the Missouri state line. One of the original 1926 state highways, Highway 1 has remained very close to its original routing. The highway contains an overlap of approximately 50 miles (80 km) with U.S. Route 49.
McGehee to Back Gate
Arkansas Highway 1 begins at U.S. Route 278 in downtown McGehee and runs northwest (along the Union Pacific Railroad tracks) for three blocks before turning northeast at an intersection with AR 159. The highway continues across US 65/US 165 and exits town in a northeastern direction, passing McGehee High School. AR 1 meets Arkansas Highway 4, which runs south to Arkansas City before curving north to Rohwer, which was a Japanese American internment camp during World War II. AR 1 passes the Kemp Cotton Gin Historic District, Rowher Relocation Center, and Rohwer Relocation Center Memorial Cemetery. Continuing north, AR 1 ceases following the railroad at Watson and runs west to Back Gate, where a concurrency with US 165 begins.
DeWitt to Wynne
Entering Arkansas County, the routes pass through Gillett and rural Arkansas County. In south De Witt AR 1 splits east from US 165 and AR 1 Business. AR 1 bypasses southeast De Witt, and after reconnecting with AR 1B continues northeast. AR 1 runs east through St. Charles before entering Monroe County. AR 1 Spur enters St. Charles, and terminates near the site of the Battle of Saint Charles on the White River.
Arkansas Highway 1 enters southern Monroe County briefly. At Cross Roads, AR 1 is the southern terminus of AR 17. On the Monroe/Phillips County line, AR 1 has a junction with Arkansas Highway 39 and Arkansas Highway 316. The route continues northeast to Marvell, where AR 1 concurs with U.S. Route 49 east to Walnut Corner. At the corner, AR 1 turns north past the Richardson-Turner House and enters Lee County. The route has a junction with AR 121 at Cypress Corner and continues north to Marianna.
In Marianna, Highway 1 breaks west from AR 1 Business, which runs downtown through Marianna. After AR 1B rejoins the main route, there is a 0.2 miles (0.32 km) concurrency north with U.S. Route 79. Further north, AR 1 passes Lee County Senior High and becomes four lane briefly until Forrest City. Upon entering St. Francis County, AR 1 enters Forrest City. The business route runs downtown, while the main route skirts the southwest edge of town. There is a parclo interchange with U.S. Route 70 and an interchange with Interstate 40. The business route meets AR 1 in north Forrest City, and AR 1 enters Caldwell and Colt before entering Cross County. South of Caldwell, AR 1 is near the historic Little Telico Creek Bridge, listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Wynne to Missouri
AR 1 enters Wynne in Cross County. The highway has a junction with US 64, AR 284, AR 980, and US 64 Business, and also passes near Wynne High School. The highway continues north to Vanndale and Cherry Valley before entering Poinsett County. The route passes through marshes in southern Poinsett County before entering Harrisburg. Throughout the county, AR 1 is paralleled by AR 163 approximately 2.5 miles (4.0 km) to the east and US 49 approximately 10 miles (16 km) to the west, with the Union Pacific Railroad also near. AR 1 passes the Bacon Hotel in south Poinsett County near Whitehall, and also passes the historic Modern News Building in downtown Harrisburg.
Entering Craighead County, AR 1 enters Jonesboro from the south. After intersecting AR 163, the route intersects US 49/U.S. Route 63 (future Interstate 555). Highway 1 becomes concurrent north with US 49 (and later US 62) until Piggott
The route now known as AR 1 first appears as a state highway in 1924, when the Arkansas General Assembly first created a state highway system. Arkansas State Road B-1 ran from the Louisiana state line near Wilmot north into Missouri, and was mostly unpaved. Upon creation of the U.S. Route system in 1925, the north and south portions of the highway were replaced by U.S. Route 67 and U.S. Route 165, respectively, shaping a more familiar AR 1 routing. Arkansas followed the trend to number in 1926, and B-1 became Arkansas Highway 1. The route remains very true to that original course today. The route was split apart in 1941 into AR 1 East and AR 1 West segments from Paragould north. AR 1 East continued north through Marmaduke and Rector. AR 1 West traveled into Corning. By 1955, AR 1W became Arkansas Highway 135, and AR 1E became AR 1. US 49 overlapped Highway 1 from Jonesboro to Piggott in 1978.
||This section contains a table that is missing mileposts for one or more junctions. Please help by .|
Mile markers reset at concurrencies.
|Desha||McGehee||0.0||0.0||US 278 to US 65 – Arkansas City, Monticello||Southern terminus|
|0.3||0.5||AR 159 north||AR 159 southern terminus|
|0.8||1.3||AR 1Y to US 65 / US 165|
|10.0||16.1||AR 4 west|
|Kelso||14.7||23.7||AR 138 west – Winchester||AR 138 eastern terminus|
|Pea Ridge||27.5||44.3||AR 277 south||AR 277 northern terminus|
|Back Gate||30.8||49.6||US 165 – Arkansas Post National Memorial|
|Gap in route|
|Arkansas||De Witt||0.0||0.0||US 165 / Great River Road south – Dumas, Stuttgart|
|0.2||0.3||AR 130 west / AR 1B north (South Monroe Street) – De Witt Business District||AR 1B southern terminus|
|2.0||3.2||AR 1B south (East 2nd Street) – De Witt||AR 1B northern terminus|
|6.0||9.7||AR 153 south to AR 17||Southern end of AR 153 overlap|
|10.2||16.4||AR 153 north – Crocketts Bluff||Northern end of AR 153 overlap|
|St. Charles||14.2||22.9||AR 17 south – Ethel|
|15.6||25.1||AR 1S north – St. Charles||AR 1S southern terminus|
|Monroe||Cross Roads||21.5||34.6||AR 17 north – Holly Grove|
|26.2||42.2||AR 39 north / AR 316 north / Great River Road north – Turner, Watkins Corner|
|Phillips||31.6||50.9||AR 318 south – Cypert||AR 318 northern terminus|
|Marvell||34.3||55.2||US 49 north – Brinkley||Southern end of US 49 overlap|
|See US 49 (mile 21.52–12.48)|
|Walnut Corner||0.0||0.0||US 49 south / AR 85 south to AR 44 – Helena-West Helena, Delta Cultural Center||Northern end of US 49 overlap|
|Lexa Junction||3.1||5.0||AR 242 east / CR 258 west – Lexa||AR 242 western terminus|
|Lee||Cypress Corner||7.1||11.4||AR 121 – Rondo, LaGrange|
|11.2||18.0||AR 243 south – Rondo||AR 243 northern terminus|
|Marianna||14.0||22.5||AR 1B north (Alabama South) – Marianna Business District, Mississippi River State Park|
|15.5||24.9||US 79 south / AR 1B south / Great River Road south (West Chestnut) – Pine Bluff, Marianna Business District, Mississippi River State Park||Southern end of US 79 overlap|
|0.0||0.0||US 79 north / Great River Road north – Hughes||Northern end of US 79 overlap|
|1.8||2.9||AR 243 south||AR 243 northern terminus|
|Felton||2.6||4.2||AR 121 north – Holub||AR 121 southern terminus|
|Haynes||AR 131 north – Lee County WMA|
|St. Francis||12.7||20.4||AR 1B north – Wynne, Forrest City||AR 1B southern terminus|
|Forrest City||16.5||26.6||US 70 – Forrest City, Palestine|
|18.6||29.9||I-40 east – Brinkley, Little Rock, Memphis||I-40 exit 239|
|Forrest City||21.2||34.1||AR 1B south – Forrest City||AR 1B northern terminus|
|Caldwell||22.5||36.2||AR 261 south||AR 261 eastern terminus|
|Colt||26.5||42.6||AR 306 (Old Military Road)|
|Cross||Wilkins||28.8||46.3||AR 350 west to AR 284|
|Wynne||33.1||53.3||AR 284 west (Union Avenue) – Business District, Cross County Museum||Southern end of AR 284 overlap|
|33.3||53.6||US 64B east / AR 284 east (Hamilton Avenue) – Village Creek State Park||Northern end of AR 284 overlap|
|33.7||54.2||AR 980 east (Bridges Avenue)||To Wynne Municipal Airport|
|35.2||56.6||US 64 east – Memphis, West Memphis||Southern end of US 64 overlap|
|0.0||0.0||US 64 west / US 64S south – Bald Knob||Northern end of US 64 overlap|
|4.3||6.9||AR 364 / AR 1B east – Tilton, Vanndale||AR 1B western terminus|
|5.1||8.2||AR 1B west – Vanndale||AR 1B eastern terminus|
|Cherry Valley||11.0||17.7||AR 42 / AR 1B north – Hickory Ridge, Cherry Valley, Arkansas State Veterans Cemetery|
|12.0||19.3||AR 1B south – Cherry Valley Business District||AR 1B northern terminus|
|Poinsett||16.4||26.4||AR 214 west – Fisher||AR 214 eastern terminus|
|Harrisburg||21.5||34.6||AR 322 west||AR 322 eastern terminus|
|22.7||36.5||AR 14 (Jackson Street) – Newport, Marked Tree, Trumann|
|28.7||46.2||AR 158 east||AR 158 western terminus|
|Craighead||Jonesboro||37.7||60.7||AR 1B north / AR 163 south (Harrisburg Road) to AR 69||AR 1B southern terminus, AR 163 northern terminus|
|38.0||61.2||AR 163S south (Apt Drive)|
|40.1||64.5||US 49 south / US 63 – Hoxie, Memphis||interchange; Southern end of US 49 overlap|
|See US 49 (mile 128.40–182.33)|
|Clay||Piggott||US 62 west – Corning, Piggott Business District||Northern end of US 49 overlap; southern end of US 62 overlap|
|AR 139 south – Holly Island|
|0.0||0.0||US 62 east – St. Francis, Sikeston, MO||Northern end of US 62 overlap|
|5.0||8.0||Route BB to Route B – Holcomb||Northern terminus; Missouri state line (St. Francis River bridge)|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
Arkansas Highway 1 has six business routes and one spur route. As cities have grown, bypasses have become necessary, and the former downtown alignments of AR 1 have become the business routes discussed here. The St. Charles spur route terminates at the site of the Civil War Battle of Saint Charles upon the White River. The Forrest City business route intersects major routes U.S. Route 70 and Interstate 40. De Witt, Marianna, Vanndale, and Cherry Valley all have business routes of less than 3.0 miles (4.8 km). The Jonesboro business route is the longest, and intersects future Interstate 555.
- Planning and Research Division (April 2010). "[Arkansas] State Highways 2009" (ZIP) (Database). Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. Retrieved June 3, 2011.
- General Highway Map: Clay County, Arkansas (PDF) (Map). Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. February 11, 2010. Retrieved January 18, 2011.
- State Highway System of the State of Arkansas (Map) (1926 original ed.). Arkansas State Highway Commission. 1926. Retrieved June 3, 2011.
- Map of McGehee, Arkansas (PDF) (Map). Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. July 2010. Retrieved January 16, 2011.
- General Highway Map: Desha County, Arkansas (PDF) (Map). Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. September 7, 2010. Retrieved January 16, 2011.
- General Highway Map: Arkansas County, Arkansas (PDF) (Map). Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. January 8, 2010. Retrieved January 16, 2011.
- Map of De Witt, Arkansas (PDF) (Map). Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. May 2003. Retrieved January 16, 2011.
- Map of St. Charles, Arkansas (PDF) (Map). Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. April 2003. Retrieved January 17, 2011.
- General Highway Map: Monroe County, Arkansas (PDF) (Map). Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. May 2, 2000. Retrieved January 17, 2011.
- General Highway Map: Phillips County, Arkansas (PDF) (Map). Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. August 9, 2007. Retrieved January 17, 2011.
- General Highway Map: Lee County, Arkansas (PDF) (Map). Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. December 29, 2008. Retrieved January 17, 2011.
- Map of Marianna, Arkansas (PDF) (Map). Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. April 2003. Retrieved January 17, 2011.
- Map of Forrest City, Arkansas (PDF) (Map). Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. October 2010. Retrieved January 17, 2011.
- General Highway Map: St. Francis County, Arkansas (PDF) (Map). Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. August 13, 2008. Retrieved January 17, 2011.
- General Highway Map: Cross County, Arkansas (PDF) (Map). Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. July 11, 2007. Retrieved January 17, 2011.
- General Highway Map: Poinsett County, Arkansas (PDF) (Map). Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. November 20, 2009. Retrieved January 17, 2011.
- General Highway Map: Craighead County, Arkansas (PDF) (Map). Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. November 12, 2009. Retrieved January 18, 2011.
- "Putting the 'Future' in I-555". Jonesboro, AR : KAIT-TV. March 21, 2007. Retrieved March 5, 2009.
- Map of State of Arkansas Showing System of Primary and Secondary Federal Aid Roads and Connecting State Roads and Progress of Improvements (Map). Arkansas State Highway Department. December 31, 1924. Retrieved March 12, 2011.
- Map of State of Arkansas showing System of State Highways (Map). Arkansas State Highway Department. 1926. Retrieved March 12, 2011.
- General Highway and Transportation Map, Greene County, Arkansas (PDF) (Map). Arkansas State Highway Commission. 1947. Retrieved January 23, 2011.
- General Highway Map, Greene County, Arkansas (PDF) (Map) (1955 ed.). Arkansas State Highway Commission. Retrieved January 23, 2011.
- 1979 Traffic Volumes and County Road Numbers Map, Greene County, Arkansas (PDF) (Map) (1978 ed.). Arkansas State Highway Commission. Retrieved January 23, 2011.
- Media related to Arkansas Highway 1 at Wikimedia Commons