Arlington, Oregon

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Arlington, Oregon
Community of Arlington
Community of Arlington
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 45°42′54″N 120°11′59″W / 45.71500°N 120.19972°W / 45.71500; -120.19972Coordinates: 45°42′54″N 120°11′59″W / 45.71500°N 120.19972°W / 45.71500; -120.19972
CountryUnited States
StateOregon
CountyGilliam
Incorporated1885
Government
 • MayorJeff Bufton
Area
 • Total2.40 sq mi (6.22 km2)
 • Land1.78 sq mi (4.61 km2)
 • Water0.62 sq mi (1.61 km2)
Elevation
285 ft (86.87 m)
Population
 • Total586
 • Estimate 
(2012[3])
611
 • Density329.2/sq mi (127.1/km2)
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (Pacific)
ZIP codes
97812, 97861
Area code(s)541
FIPS code41-02800[4]
GNIS feature ID1167692[5]

Arlington is a city in Gilliam County, Oregon, United States. The account of how the city received its name varies; one tradition claims it was named after the lawyer Nathan Arlington Cornish, while another tradition claims that the Southern inhabitants of the city had enough clout to rename the city after Arlington, Virginia, home of general Robert E. Lee. The city's population was 586 at the 2010 census.[6]

History[edit]

Originally named Alkali, Arlington came into existence as a place for shipping cattle down the Columbia River. It was incorporated as Arlington by the Oregon Legislative Assembly on November 20, 1885.[7]

Following the completion of the John Day Dam, the original location of Arlington was moved to higher ground in 1963 to avoid the resulting inundation.

Arlington was the birthplace of musician Doc Severinsen, best known as the musical director for the American television program The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson (1967–1992).

In 2008, it was discovered that Mayor Carmen Kontur-Gronquist had posted photos of herself in lingerie online,[8] which, along with several other issues, led to her recall from office.[9]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.4 square miles (6.22 km2), of which, 1.78 square miles (4.61 km2) is land and 0.62 square miles (1.61 km2) is water.[1]

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Arlington has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps.[10]

Climate data for Arlington
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 66
(19)
74
(23)
81
(27)
97
(36)
107
(42)
110
(43)
114
(46)
115
(46)
104
(40)
90
(32)
84
(29)
74
(23)
115
(46)
Average high °F (°C) 40.6
(4.8)
47.2
(8.4)
56.9
(13.8)
65.9
(18.8)
74.7
(23.7)
81.9
(27.7)
90.6
(32.6)
89.3
(31.8)
80.2
(26.8)
66
(19)
50.5
(10.3)
41.8
(5.4)
65.5
(18.6)
Average low °F (°C) 28
(−2)
31.1
(−0.5)
36.1
(2.3)
41.6
(5.3)
48.7
(9.3)
55.2
(12.9)
61.2
(16.2)
60.3
(15.7)
52.2
(11.2)
42.5
(5.8)
34.7
(1.5)
30
(−1)
43.5
(6.4)
Record low °F (°C) −25
(−32)
−23
(−31)
11
(−12)
19
(−7)
26
(−3)
36
(2)
42
(6)
40
(4)
26
(−3)
11
(−12)
−5
(−21)
−16
(−27)
−25
(−32)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.43
(36)
1
(25)
0.73
(19)
0.53
(13)
0.59
(15)
0.49
(12)
0.15
(3.8)
0.2
(5.1)
0.35
(8.9)
0.65
(17)
1.25
(32)
1.5
(38)
8.85
(225)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 5
(13)
1.4
(3.6)
0.2
(0.51)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.8
(2.0)
2.3
(5.8)
9.7
(25)
Average precipitation days 10 8 7 5 5 3 1 2 3 5 9 10 68
Source: [11]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890356
19003889.0%
1910317−18.3%
192052966.9%
193060113.6%
19406091.3%
195068612.6%
1960643−6.3%
1970375−41.7%
198052138.9%
1990425−18.4%
200052423.3%
201058611.8%
Est. 2016581[12]−0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]
Park in Arlington, looking towards the Columbia River

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 586 people, 256 households, and 149 families residing in the city. The population density was 329.2 inhabitants per square mile (127.1/km2). There were 315 housing units at an average density of 177.0 per square mile (68.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.2% White, 0.2% African American, 1.0% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 2.2% Pacific Islander, 2.6% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.7% of the population.

There were 256 households of which 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.7% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.8% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.92.

The median age in the city was 43.6 years. 21.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 4.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.9% were from 25 to 44; 32.9% were from 45 to 64; and 15.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 53.9% male and 46.1% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 524 people, 223 households, and 144 families residing in the city. The population density was 295.2 people per square mile (113.7/km²). There were 277 housing units at an average density of 156.0 per square mile (60.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.42% White, 1.72% Native American, 1.72% from other races, and 1.15% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.24% of the population.

There were 223 households out of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.4% were non-families. 30.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the city, the population was spread out with 26.5% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 25.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,714, and the median income for a family was $45,875. Males had a median income of $34,250 versus $21,161 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,883. About 7.9% of families and 10.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.6% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Aerial view of Arlington, 2015

Arlington is home to a sizable Waste Management landfill, notably receiving all of Seattle, Washington's trash and some from Portland, Oregon.[14] In March 2010, Waste Management announced their plans to build a waste gasification plant next to their landfill that uses a plasma gasification technology that at the time was considered experimental. The plasma gasification plant was built in conjunction with the company, InEnTec, whose efforts to build such plants in California and elsewhere have met fierce protest. The plant went into pilot operation in November 2011.[15][16]

The area around Arlington is the location of several wind farms.:

Station Location Capacity (MW) Status Notes # of Tubines
Willow Creek Wind Farm Gilliam County and Morrow County 72 Operational [17] 48
Shepherds Flat Wind Farm Gilliam County and Morrow County 845 Operational [18][19][20] 338
Rattlesnake Road Wind Farm Gilliam County 103 Operational [21] 49
Leaning Juniper Wind Project Gilliam County 302.3 Operational [22][23] 200
Pebble Springs Wind Farm Gilliam County 99 Operational [24] 47
Wheatfield Wind Farm Gilliam County 97 Operational [25] 46
Montague Wind Power Facility Gilliam County 404 Under Construction [26][27][28][29] 112-269
Saddle Butte Wind - Four Mile Wind Gilliam County and Morrow County 399 Proposed [30][31] 133
2Morrow Energy Gilliam County and Morrow County 900 Proposed [32]
Montague Wind Project under construction.

Caithness Energy has the Shepherds Flat Wind Farm,[1] one of the largest land-based wind farms in the world. Approved in 2008 by state regulators, groundbreaking came in 2009. It officially opened in September 2012 and "reached full commercial operations in November 2012."[20] There have been some controversies around the project that emerged in 2009 and 2010.[33]

In the fall of 2017, construction was started on the Montague Wind Power Project. This project is owned in operated by Avangrid Renewables to provide power to Apple Inc.'s Prineville Data Center through Oregon's Direct Access Program. "Apple says Montague will provide it 560,000 megawatt-hours of electricity annually."[26][27]

Transportation[edit]

According to a 2011 Air Force presentation, Arlington will host a future United States Department of Defense unmanned aerial vehicle base.[34][35]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-12-21.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21.
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-06-17. Retrieved 2013-06-02.
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ American FactFinder - Results
  7. ^ Leeds, W. H. (1899). "Special Laws". The State of Oregon General and Special Laws and Joint Resolutions and Memorials Enacted and Adopted by the Twentieth Regular Session of the Legislative Assembly. Salem, Oregon: State Printer: 702.
  8. ^ "Mayor's racy photos become the talk of the town". KATU. 2008-01-07. Archived from the original on 8 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-08.
  9. ^ "Mayor who posed in underwear loses office". Komo TV. Associated Press. 2008-02-26. Archived from the original on 28 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-26.
  10. ^ Climate Summary for Arlington, Oregon
  11. ^ "ARLINGTON, OR (350265)". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved November 22, 2015.
  12. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  13. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  14. ^ Mulady, Kathy (July 10, 2007). "Where your Seattle trash ends up". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved 2008-04-06.[dead link]
  15. ^ Wolman, David (January 20, 2012). "High-Powered Plasma Turns Garbage Into Gas". Wired (magazine). Retrieved 2016-12-04.
  16. ^ Surma, Jeff (January 27, 2012). "Gasification of Municipal Solid Waste Using the InEnTec InEnTec Plasma Enhanced Melter®" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-12-20. Retrieved 2016-12-04.
  17. ^ "Willow Creek | Renewable Northwest". renewablenw.org. Retrieved 2019-03-14.
  18. ^ "Caithness Shepherds Flat Wind Farm". Retrieved 2019-03-14.
  19. ^ "World's Largest Wind Farm Coming to Oregon". Portland Business Journal. December 10, 2009. Retrieved 2010-01-16.
  20. ^ a b "SHEPHERDS FLAT". Energy.gov. Retrieved 2019-03-14.
  21. ^ "Oregon | Rattlesnake Road Wind Farm". rattlesnakeroadwindfarm.com. Retrieved 2019-03-14.
  22. ^ "Leaning Juniper I". www.pacificorp.com. Retrieved 2019-03-14.
  23. ^ "Leaning Juniper II". www.pacificpower.net. Retrieved 2019-03-14.
  24. ^ "Pebble Springs Wind | Renewable Northwest". renewablenw.org. Retrieved 2019-03-14.
  25. ^ "Wheat Field Wind Farm | Renewable Northwest". renewablenw.org. Retrieved 2019-03-14.
  26. ^ a b Danko, Pete (September 14, 2017). "Apple Inc.'s Massive Oregon Wind Farm Breaks Ground". Portland Business Journal. Retrieved March 13, 2019.
  27. ^ a b "Apple's wind farm project developer wants bigger, but fewer, turbines". Apple World Today. Retrieved 2019-03-14.
  28. ^ "Montague Wind Power Facility | Renewable Northwest". renewablenw.org. Retrieved 2019-03-14.
  29. ^ Danko, Pete (May 19, 2017). "Apple's Oregon Wind Farm Eyes Bigger, and Fewer, Turbines". Portland Business Journal. Retrieved 2019-03-14.
  30. ^ "Saddle Butte Wind | Renewable Northwest". renewablenw.org. Retrieved 2019-03-14.
  31. ^ "State of Oregon: Facilities - Saddle Butte Wind Park". www.oregon.gov. Retrieved 2019-03-14.
  32. ^ "2Morrow Energy | Renewable Northwest". renewablenw.org. Retrieved 2019-03-14.
  33. ^ Schmit, Julie, "GE gets contract for big wind farm in Oregon", USA Today, 12/10/2009 10:59 PM. Retrieved 2011-04-19.
  34. ^ HQ AFSC/SEFQ Lt Col (Maggie) Howard Chief, RPA Branch CNS/ATM Conference-June 13, 2011 "Air Force Safety Center RPA Branch Presentation" Archived 2016-12-31 at the Wayback Machine (PDF), 2011 Air Force Presentation
  35. ^ "Revealed: 64 Drone Bases on American Soil"

External links[edit]