Armand Garnet Ruffo

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Armand Garnet Ruffo (born in Chapleau, Ontario) is a member of the Ojibwe nation with familial roots to the Sagamok Ojibwe First Nation and the Fox Lake Chapleau Cree First Nation. He is a Canadian scholar, filmmaker, writer and poet.


Since receiving degrees from York University, the University of Ottawa, and the University of Windsor, he has worked primarily as a scholar, teacher and writer. His scholarly and creative writing has appeared in numerous literary anthologies and journals.

In the past, Armand has taught creative writing at the Banff Centre for the Arts, in addition to Indigenous literature, at the En'owkin International School of Writing in Penticton, B.C., and at Carleton University in Ottawa. He currently resides in Kingston, Ontario, and teaches at Queen's University[1] where he is the Queen's National Scholar in Indigenous Literature.


  • 1997 Saskatchewan Book Awards Finalist
  • 1999 Alaska Playwrights' Competition, Honourable Mention.
  • 2000 Canadian Authors' Association Prize for Poetry.
  • 2001 CBC Arts Performance Showcase Competition for Drama.
  • 2002 Archibald Lampman Award for poetry
  • 2010 Peoples' Choice Award, Bay Street Film Festival, Thunder Bay, Canada.
  • 2010 Best Feature, The Dreamspeaker's Film Festival, Edmonton, Canada.
  • 2010 Best Film, The American Indian Film Festival, San Francisco, USA.
  • 2015 Governor General's Literary Award, nomination.



  • Opening in the Sky. Theytus Books. 1994. ISBN 978-0-919441-55-2.
  • Grey Owl: the mystery of Archie Belaney. Coteau Books. 1997. ISBN 978-1-55050-109-4.
  • At Geronimo's grave. Coteau Books. 2001. ISBN 978-1-55050-176-6.
  • Norval Morrisseau: Man Changing Into Thunderbird. Douglas & McIntyre. 2015. ISBN 978-1-77162-046-8.
  • The Thunderbird Poems. Harbour Publishing. 2015. ISBN 978-155017-706-0.

Anthologies Edited[edit]

  • Armand Garnet Ruffo, ed. (Ad)dressing Our Words: Aboriginal Perspectives on Aboriginal Literatures. Theytus Books, 2001. ISBN 0-919441-91-2.
  • Daniel David Moses, Terry Goldie, Armand Garnet Ruffo. 4th ed. An Anthology of Canadian Native Literature in English. Oxford U Press, 2013. ISBN 978-0-19-544353-0.
  • Heather Macfarlane; Armand Garnet Ruffo, eds. (2016). Introduction to Indigenous Literary Criticism in Canada. Broadview Press. p. 326. ISBN 978-1-55481-183-0.

Anthologies (a sample)[edit]

  • Daniel David Moses, Terry Goldie, eds. An Anthology of Canadian Native Literature in English. Oxford U Press, 1992, 1998, 2005.
  • Jeannette C. Armstrong, Lalage Grauer, eds. Native poetry in Canada: a contemporary anthology. Broadview Press, 2001. ISBN 978-1-55111-200-8.
  • Smaro Kamboureli, Making A Difference: Canadian Multicultural Literature, 2nd edition. Oxford U Press, 2007. ISBN 0195422880.
  • Madhur Anand, Adam Dickinson, eds. Regreen: New Canadian Ecological Poetry. Scrivener Press, 2009. ISBN 978-1-896350-36-3.
  • Lorna Crozier, The Best Canadian Poetry in English 2010. Tightrope Books, 2010. ISBN 978-1-926639-16-1.


  • Ghost Woman
  • A Windigo Tale
  • Portrait of the Artist as An Indian


  • "A Wolf I Consider Myself," short (with Myra Davies)
  • "A Windigo Tale," feature (distributed by V-Tape, Toronto)


External links[edit]