Armavir Radar Station

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For other uses, see Armavir.
Armavir Radar Station
РЛС в Армавире
Armavir, Krasnodar Krai, Russia
Armavir Radar Station is located in Russia
Armavir Radar Station
Armavir Radar Station
Coordinates 44°55′30″N 40°59′02″E / 44.925106°N 40.983894°E / 44.925106; 40.983894
Type Radar Station
Height 30 metres (98 ft)[1]
Site information
Owner Russia
Controlled by Russian Space Forces
Open to
the public
no
Condition operational
Site history
Built 2006 (2006)-
Built by Russia
In use Russia
Garrison information
Current
commander
Vadim Severov (2009)[1]

Armavir Radar Station (Russian: Радиолокационная станция (РЛС) в Армавире) is an early warning radar station near Armavir in Krasnodar Krai, Russia. It is a key part of the Russian early warning system against missile attack and is run by the Russian Aerospace Defence Forces. There are two radars here - one faces south west and one south east. They provide radar coverage of the Middle East.

The station is located on the former Baronovsky Airfield (Russian: аэродром Бароновский) 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) south west of the village of Glubokiy and 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) south west of Armavir.

The station was described as starting to operate at the end of 2006 [2] and then entering "experimental combat mode" in 2008.[3] On the day in 2009 that Russia lost coverage from radars in Ukraine it was announced that it had "begun operations".[4] In May 2012 it was announced that it would go on combat duty before the end of 2012.[5] In December 2012 it was announced it will be in the first quarter of 2013.[6] 6 June 2013 commissioned by order of the President Vladimir Putin visiting the Central Command Post of the Russian Armed Forces.[7] Planned second segment, which will overlap zone of the Gabala radar station.

It was developed by NIIDAR (НИИДАР) and was built by Spetsstroy (Федеральное агентство специального строительства, also called Спецстрой России). Equipment installation was performed by Spetstehmontazh (Спецтехмонтаж).[1]

Voronezh radar[edit]

Main article: Voronezh radar

Voronezh radar are highly prefabricated radars needing fewer personnel and using less energy than previous generations.[8] There are two in Armavir [9] and they are described as Voronezh-DM,[10] a UHF radar with a stated range of 4,200 kilometres (2,610 mi).[11]

One of the radars, facing southwest, replaces the coverage lost [4] by the dispute with Ukraine over the Dnepr radars in Mukachevo and Sevastopol.[12] The other, facing south east, can replace the Daryal radar in Gabala[13] although it is behind in construction.[8]

Armavir Radar Station is located in European Russia
Gabala
Gabala
Armavir
Armavir
Sevastopol
Sevastopol
Mukachevo
Mukachevo
Armavir, Gabala, Sevastopol and Mukachevo shown in European Russia.

Armavir and Gabala[edit]

Data from Armavir, together with Gabala was offered to the United States as part of the negotiations over Russian opposition to US missile defence in Europe. Armavir is close to Iran, like Gabala, and also provides intelligence on missile activity in the Middle East.[14]

Armavir cannot completely counter the loss of Gabala. Gabala is further south and has a longer range. Armavir may also be affected by the Caucasus Mountains.[14]

In 2007 Vladimir Popovkin, then commander of the Russian Space Forces, said that Gabala, together with Balkhash in Kazakhstan and the two stations in Ukraine, cannot be relied upon as Russia cannot be sure it will have access to them in periods of international tension and war.[15]

2013 ballistic launch in Mediterranean[edit]

On 3 September 2013 Armavir detected two US/Israeli ballistic test launches in the Mediterranean towards Syria.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Всевидящий глаз России [Seeing Eye Russia]. Novosti Kosmonavtiki (in Russian). Eastview (5): 52–53. May 2009. (subscription required)
  2. ^ Podvig, Pavel (2006-12-22). "The early-warning radar in Lekhtusi entered service". Russian strategic nuclear forces. Retrieved 2012-04-13. 
  3. ^ Podvig, Pavel (2007-12-29). "Delay with the early-warning radar at Armavir". Russian strategic nuclear forces. Retrieved 2012-04-13. 
  4. ^ a b Podvig, Pavel (2009-02-12). "Armavir radar fills the gap". Russian strategic nuclear forces. Retrieved 2012-01-09. 
  5. ^ "Новая РЛС в Армавире заступит на боевое дежурство до конца года" [The new radar station in Armavir is to step up to combat duty before the end of the year]. RIA Novosti. 2012-05-05. Retrieved 2012-05-21. 
  6. ^ "В России в 2013 году начнется строительство нескольких новых РЛС" [Russia will build several new radars in 2003]. RIA Novosti. 2012-12-01. Retrieved 2012-12-02. 
  7. ^ http://tvzvezda.ru/news/forces/content/201306061604-5lp3.htm
  8. ^ a b Bogdanov, Konstantin (2006-12-22). "New radar at Lekhtusi: a shield against missile attacks.". RIA Novosti. Retrieved 2012-04-13. 
  9. ^ Podvig, Pavel (2009-02-14). "Two radars at Armavir". Russian strategic nuclear forces. Retrieved 2012-01-09. 
  10. ^ Модернизация радаров СПРН в Северо-Западном округе начнется в 2015 году [Upgrading early warning radars in the Northwest District will begin in 2015] (in Russian). Lenta.ru. 2011-12-12. Retrieved 2012-01-09. 
  11. ^ Радиолокационная станция высокой заводской готовности "Воронеж-ДМ" [Radar of high prefabrication Voronezh-DM] (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Defence. n.d. Retrieved 2012-02-08. 
  12. ^ "Russia Won't Rent Ukrainian Radar". Kommersant. 2008-01-16. Retrieved 2012-01-30. 
  13. ^ Bogdanov, Konstantin (2012-03-02). "Russia to Bargain for Gabala Radar With Scan on Alternatives.". RIA Novosti. Retrieved 2012-03-04. 
  14. ^ a b Sokhov, Nikolai (2010). "Missile Defence: Towards Practical Cooperation with Russia". Survival: Global Politics and Strategy. 52 (4): 121–130. doi:10.1080/00396338.2010.506825. 
  15. ^ Marinin, I; Kuznetsov, A (February 2007). "THE FIRST VORONEZH ON EXPERIMENTAL COMBAT DUTY". Novosti Kosmonavtiki. Eastview (2): 64–65. Retrieved May 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)(subscription required)
  16. ^ http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/middleeast/syria/10282788/Missiles-launched-in-Mediterranean-towards-Syrian-coast-claims-Russian-defence-ministry.html

External links[edit]