Armen Borisovich Dzhigarkhanyan
3 October 1935
|Died||14 November 2020 (aged 85)|
|Citizenship||Soviet Union, Russia, United States|
|Occupation(s)||Actor, theatre director|
Armen Borisovich Dzhigarkhanyan (Russian: Армен Борисович Джигарханян; Armenian: Արմեն Բորիսի Ջիգարխանյան, romanized: Armen Borisi Jigarkhanyan; pronounced [dʒiɡɑrχɑnjɑn]; 3 October 1935 – 14 November 2020) was a Soviet, Armenian, and Russian actor.
Born and raised in Yerevan, Dzhigarkhanyan started acting in the academic and Russian theaters of the city, before moving to Moscow to continue stage acting. Since 1960, he appeared in a number of Armenian films. He became popular in the 1970s with the various roles he portrayed in Soviet films like The New Adventures of the Elusive Avengers (1968), its sequel The Crown of the Russian Empire, or Once Again the Elusive Avengers (1971) and The Meeting Place Cannot Be Changed (1979). After almost 30 years on the stage of the Mayakovsky Theatre, Dzhigarkhanyan taught at VGIK and in 1996 he founded his own drama theater in Moscow.
With more than 250 appearances, Dzhigarkhanyan, one of the most renowned film and stage Armenian and Russian actors, appeared in more films than any other Russian actor.
Armen Dzhigarkhanyan was born in Yerevan, Armenian SSR, Soviet Union on 3 October 1935. His paternal grandfather, a "professional tamada", came from an Armenian family from Tbilisi, Georgia's capital. He graduated from a Russian high school named after Anton Chekhov. Between 1953 and 1954, he worked as camera operator's assistant at the state-run Hayfilm studio.
In 1955, Dzhigarkhanyan was admitted to the Sundukyan State Academic Theatre. He studied in director Armen Gulakyan's (hy, ru) class until 1958. Beginning in his first year at the Sundukyan Theatre, he started acting at the Stanislavski Russian Theatre of Yerevan. He remained there for over 10 years, until 1967. At Armenia's only Russian theater, he played around 30 roles, most notably as Vanya Kudryash in The Storm by Alexander Ostrovsky, Sergey in An Irkutsk Story by Aleksei Arbuzov, Actor in The Lower Depths by Maxim Gorky. "From the beginning of his stage career, Dzhigarkhanyan has demonstrated an awesome versatility, succeeding in a wide variety of roles in the classical and contemporary repertory, including Shakespeare, Tennessee Williams, and modern Russian authors.
In 1967, Dzhigarkhanyan moved to Moscow to make a career at the Lenkom Theatre. He started acting under directorship of Anatoly Efros, however, they worked together for a brief period. Dzhigarkhanyan portrayed Molière in Mikhail Bulgakov's The Cabal of Hypocrites. Following Efros's departure, Dzhigarkhanyan was given more roles, but he didn't wish to continue acting in a theater without the director he came for in the first place.
In 1969, Dzhigarkhanyan joined Moscow's Mayakovsky Theatre at Andrey Goncharov's recommendation. He worked there until 1996 and for almost 30 years, he was "its leading actor". He first appeared in the role of Levinson in The Rout by Alexander Fadeyev. His later roles include Stanley Kowalski in Tennessee Williams's A Streetcar Named Desire. Since most of his roles were protagonistic, he moved to portray several antagonistic roles.
Dzhigarkhanyan's portrayal of Socrates in Edvard Radzinsky's Conversations with Socrates in 1975 was acclaimed by critics and made him one of the "most interesting and strongest actors of the contemporary scene." During the 1970s and 1980s, Dzhigarkhanyan appeared less frequently on stage and more frequently in films and became known to the wider Soviet public. Even with decreased number of appearances on stage, Dzhigarkhanyan's every role became an object of discussion. The finest roles from this period include Big Daddy in Cat on a Hot Tin Roof by Tennessee Williams, Lord Bothwell in Robert Bolt's Vivat! Vivat Regina!, Nero in Edvard Radzinsky's Theater in the Time of Nero and Seneca and others.
In the mid-1990s, Dzhigarkhanyan decided to create a theater that would bring together his students at VGIK. In March 1996, Dzhigarkhanyan founded his own theater named "D" and currently named "Moscow Drama Theater headed by Armen Dzhigarkhanyan" (Московский драматический театр под руководством Армена Джигарханяна). His theater has staged a number of famous plays, including Samuel Beckett's Krapp's Last Tape and Harold Pinter's The Homecoming.
Dzhigarkhanyan has also directed combination companies and has played the roles of General in Fyodor Dostoevsky's The Gambler and the main character in Filumena Marturano by Eduardo De Filippo at the Lenkom Theatre.
Dzhigarkhanyan made his film debut in 1960 film Landslide (Obval) as Akop. He "impressed viewers with his inspired portrayal of physicist" in Frunze Dovlatyan's Hello, That's Me! (Barev Yes Em, 1966) as Artem Manvelyan. It "gave him national renown and initiated an extremely prolific screen career." Usta Mukuch, the role of an old blacksmith he created in Triangle (Yerankyuni, 1967) directed by famed Armenian director Henrik Malyan, paved the way for dozens of films in later decades.
He later appeared in several iconic films, including as captain Ovechkin in Edmond Keosayan's The New Adventures of the Elusive Avengers (1968) and The Crown of the Russian Empire, or Once Again the Elusive Avengers (1971). The 1973 comedy The Men, directed by Edmond Keosayan, became one of the most iconic Armenian films of the late Soviet period and today, a statue of its leading characters stands in central Yerevan. By the early 1970s, Dzhigarkhanyan had become one of the most popular Soviet film actor who appeared in more than 200 roles, covering all genres from situational comedy to historical adventure, psychological drama, thriller, and quality literary adaptation, moving effortlessly from trivial entertainment to sophisticated art. In the five-part TV miniseries The Meeting Place Cannot Be Changed (1979), starring all-time favorite Vladimir Vysotsky, Dzhigarkhanyan played a thief in law, which made him more popular to the general Soviet public. He also appeared in a leading role in the joint Soviet-French Teheran 43 (1981) alongside Claude Jade as his mysterious young mistress and Curd Jürgens as his lawyer.
In 2017, Dzhigarkhanyan took part in municipal elections in Gagarinsky District, Moscow, for the United Russia party. According to the voting results, he took 5th place in the three-mandate district and did not receive a deputy mandate. All three mandates in the constituency where Armen Dzhigarkhanyan ran were won by representatives of the Yabloko party.
Dzhigarkhanyan advocated friendship between the Armenian and Azerbaijani peoples.
Dzhigarkhanyan was married three times. In the early 1960s, he secretly married Alla Vanovskaya, an actress at the Stanislavski Russian Theatre of Yerevan. Their daughter Yelena was born in 1964 and died at age 23 in 1987 of suffocation while asleep, because she left the car engine running. His second partner, Tatyana Vlasova, was also an actress at the Stanislavski Theatre in Yerevan. They never officially married, but they started living together in 1967, when they moved to Moscow together. Tatyana now resides in Dallas, Texas and works as a Russian language teacher at a university. Dzhigarkhanyan often visited her. His third wife is 43 years younger than him.
Illness and death
In the last years of his life, Dzhigarkhanyan suffered from poor health. He was hospitalized in March 2016 and January 2018. In April 2018 he again was hospitalized after a heart attack and fell into a coma. Dzhigarkhanyan died in Moscow on November 14, 2020. The cause of death was cardiac arrest due to kidney failure and other chronic diseases. Presidents of Russia Vladimir Putin and Armenia Armen Sarkissian, Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan and Moscow Mayor Sergey Sobyanin issued messages of condolence.
Dzhigarkhanyan was one of the most popular and renowned Russian actors of his generation, both in films and theatre. Novaya Gazeta, one of Russia's largest weeklies, described Dzhigarkhanyan as a "distinct brand" in Russian theatre and film and his voice as "a separate living brand". According to Peter Rollberg, Professor of Slavic Languages, Film Studies at the Elliott School of International Affairs, "Dzhigarkhanyan's characters usually are distinguished by stoicism, irony, and a quiet inner strength, irradiating a rough charm that has only grown with age."
In his birthday congratulation in 2005, Armenia's second president Robert Kocharyan stated that Dzhigarkhanyan's "great popularity" is "due to [his] talent and devoted work". Kocharyan further said that "[his] art has become a peculiar standard of mutual enrichment of Armenian and Russian cultures." In 2010, Armenia's current president Serzh Sargsyan described the artist as "one of the prominent figures of the modern cinema" who has "boundless talent and charm". Sargsyan stated that "The Armenian nation is proud of you." In 2010, Russian president Dmitry Medvedev awarded Dzhigarkhanyan with the Order "For Merit to the Fatherland" and stated:
For decades, you've given the audience you talent and the appreciative audience responds to you with sincere love. You've played a number of memorable roles, each of which is an example of mastery of the profession. Today, inexhaustible creative energy, the ability to integrate talented people to help you in your work with the company of one of the most popular Moscow theaters in the education of the younger generation of domestic actors."
In 2012, Moscow Mayor Sergey Sobyanin congratulated Dzhigarkhanyan on his birthday and described him as "an outstanding actor and talented director" who "over many years of service to the stage and screen made a huge contribution to the development of Russian culture."
A number of sources claim that Dzhigarkhanyan is included in Guinness World Records as the Russian actor with most film appearances (as of 2013), suggesting that he has played in more than 250 films (300 according to RIA Novosti). However, the Guinness World Records website does not provide such data by country. In reference to the large number of films in which he has appeared, prominent Soviet Armenian composer Aram Khachaturian once stated, "[Whenever] you turn on the iron, Dzhigarkhanyan is there!" Actor Valentin Gaft has written an epigram in a humorous reference to his large number of appearances: "There are less Armenians in the world, / Than there are films where Dzhigarkhanyan has appeared" (Гораздо меньше на земле армян, / Чем фильмов, где сыграл Джигарханян.)
- Soviet Union
- People's Artist of the RSFSR (1973)
- Order "For Merit to the Fatherland", III class (1995)
- Order "For Merit to the Fatherland", IV class (2005)
- Order of Alexander Nevsky (2006)
- Crystal Turandot (Хрустальная Турандот), Highest Theater Prize of Moscow (2010)
- Order "For Merit to the Fatherland", II class (2010)
- People's Artist of the Armenian SSR (1977)
- Order of St. Mesrop Mashtots (1996)
- Honorary Citizen of Yerevan (2001)
- Order of Honor of Armenia (2010)
|1966||Hello, That's Me! (Здравствуй, это я!)||Artyom Manvelyan|
|1967||Triangle (Треугольник)||Usta Mukuch|
|1968||The New Adventures of the Elusive Avengers (Новые приключения Неуловимых)||Captain Ovechkin|
|1971||The Crown of the Russian Empire, or Once Again the Elusive Avengers (Корона Российской Империи, или Снова Неуловимые)||Captain Ovechkin|
|1972||The Seagull (Чайка)||Ilya Afanasievich Shamraev|
|1973||The Men (Мужчины)||Ghazaryan|
|1975||Hello, I'm Your Aunt! (Здравствуйте, я ваша тётя!)||Judge Criggs|
|1976||When September comes (Когда наступает сентябрь)||Levon Pogosyan|
|1978||The Dog in the Manger (Собака на сене)||Tristan|
|1979||The Meeting Place Cannot Be Changed (Место встречи изменить нельзя)||Hunchback|
|1980||Rafferty (Рафферти)||Tommy Farichetti|
|1981||Teheran 43 (Тегеран 43)||Max Richars|
|1982||Gikor (Гикор)||Bazaz Artem|
|1986||The Dolphin's Cry||steward|
|1988||The 13th Apostle||David|
|1989||Two Arrows. Stone Age Detective (Две стрелы. Детектив каменного века)||Head of the tribe|
|1990||Passport (Паспорт)||Semyon Klein|
|1992||Weather Is Good on Deribasovskaya, It Rains Again on Brighton Beach (На Дерибасовской хорошая погода, или На Брайтон-Бич опять идут дожди)||Katz|
|1992||White King, Red Queen (Белый король, красная королева)||Makeev|
|1995||What a Mess! (Ширли-мырли)||Kozyulski|
|2008||The Best Movie (Самый лучший фильм)||God's secretary|
|2008||God's Smile or The Odessa Story (Улыбка Бога, или Чисто одесская история)||Filipp Olshansky|
|2009||O Lucky Man! (О, счастливчик!)||Grandfather Ramiz|
|2009||Hamlet. XXI Century (Гамлет. XXI век)||Gravedigger|
- Once Upon a Dog (Жил-был пёс, 1982) — The Wolf
- Formula of Love (Формула любви, 1984) — Count Cagliostro (played by Nodar Mgaloblishvili)
- Treasure Island (Остров сокровищ, 1988) — John Silver
- Cars (Тачки, 2006) — Doc Hudson (Russian dub)
- Up (Вверх, 2009) — Carl Fredricksen (Russian dub)
- Alisa Knows What to Do! (Алиса знает, что делать!, 2013–2016)
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Армен Джигарханян имеет сейчас гражданство России и США.
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- "Российские артисты, которые поддержали Украину: Мягков, Джигарханян, Гармаш, Басилашвили" [Russian artists who supported Ukraine: Myagkov, Dzhigarkhanyan, Garmash, Basilashvili]. Delfi RU (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2023-08-12. Retrieved 2023-08-12.
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The part of Stanley was played by Armen Dzhigarkhanyan, a very popular movie and theatre actor.
- Lawton, Anna (2004). Imaging Russia 2000: Film and Facts. Washington, DC: New Academia Publishing. p. 193. ISBN 9780974493435.
...such as an emigre taxi driver played by the popular actor Armen Dzhigarkhanyan...
- Армен Джигарханян озвучит мультипликационного пенсионера. Argumenty i Fakty (in Russian). 5 March 2009. Retrieved 13 January 2014.
...один из самых знаменитых актеров отечественного театра и кинематографа, Армен Борисович Джигарханян.
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Он один из самых любимых артистов России, уважаемый старейшина российского театра и кино.
- Армен Джигарханян: Я понял, почему идут в депутаты. Novaya Gazeta (in Russian). 8 October 2010. Retrieved 13 January 2014.
Армен Джигарханян – это уже своеобразный бренд в нашем театре и кино, даже если не учитывать, что он занесён в книгу рекордов Гиннеса. А голос Джигарханяна является отдельно живущим брендом...
- Mkrtchyan, Abrahamyan, Sargsyan, and Dzhigarkhanyan are widely considered the greatest Armenian actors of the Soviet period; for instance, this article lists the four actors and director Frunze Dovlatyan as stars of the Soviet era Armenian film industry. Davtyan, Robert (20 October 2007). Վաստակի արժանի գնահատում. Hayastani Hanrapetutyun (in Armenian). Retrieved 14 January 2014.
Թատրոնում եւ կինոյում նա հանդես է եկել մեծ դերասանների եւ ռեժիսորների աստղաբույլի հետ՝ Մհեր Մկրտչյան, Սոս Սարգսյան, Խորեն Աբրահամյան, Արմեն Ջիգարխանյան, Ֆրունզե Դովլաթյան եւ ուրիշներ։
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Armen Jigarkhanyan is in the Guinness Book of Records as the Russian actor that has played the largest number of film roles.
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Это подтверждено записью в Книге рекордов Гиннесса: на счету самого часто снимающегося актёра России Армена Джигарханяна более 250 ролей.
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...внесенный в «Книгу рекордов Гиннеса» как самый снимаемый.
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В Книге рекордов Гиннеса Армен Джигарханян упоминается как самый снимаемый российский актер: более 250 ролей в кино и телефильмах.
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Джигарханян стал первым из российских актеров, который вошел в Книгу рекордов Гиннесса по количеству сыгранных ролей: в его банке более трехсот кинематографических работ.
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"Утюг включишь - и там Джигарханян" - эту шутку приписывают Араму Ильичу Хачатуряну, который вас очень любил.
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Media related to Armen Djigarkhanian at Wikimedia Commons