Foreign relations of Armenia

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Armenia has maintained a policy of complementarism by trying to have positive and friendly relations with Iran, Russia, and the West, including the United States and the European Union since its independence.[1] It has full membership status in a number of international organizations and observer status, etc. in some others. However, the dispute over the Armenian Genocide of 1915 and the recent war over Nagorno–Karabakh have created tense relations with two of its immediate neighbors, Azerbaijan and Turkey.

Armenian Genocide recognition[edit]

Political map showing states which have officially recognized the Armenian Genocide

As of 2017, 29 states have officially recognized the historical events as genocide. Parliaments of countries that recognize the Armenian Genocide include Argentina, Armenia, Austria, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Cyprus, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Lebanon, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Paraguay, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Uruguay, Vatican City and Venezuela.[2] Additionally, some regional governments of countries recognize the Armenian genocide too, such as New South Wales and South Australia in Australia[3][4] as well as Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales in the United Kingdom.[5][6] US House Resolution 106 was introduced on 30 January 2007, and later referred to the House Committee on Foreign Affairs. The bill has 225 co-sponsors.[7] The bill called for former President George W. Bush to recognize and use the word genocide in his annual 24 April speech which he never used. His successor President Barack Obama expressed his desire to recognize the Armenian Genocide during the electoral campaigns,[8] but after being elected, has not used the word "genocide" to describe the events that occurred in 1915.[9]

Disputes[edit]

Nagorno-Karabakh and independent republic[edit]

Armenia supports Armenians in the Republic of Artsakh in the longstanding, and very bitter conflict against the Azerbaijani government.

The current conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh began in 1988 when Armenian demonstrations against Azerbaijani rule broke out in Nagorno–Karabakh and later in Armenia and the Nagorno-Karabakh Supreme Soviet voted to secede from Azerbaijan and join Armenia. Soon, violence broke out against Armenians in Azerbaijan and Azeris in Armenia. In 1990, after violent episodes in Nagorno–Karabakh and Azerbaijani cities like Baku, Sumgait and Kirovabad, Moscow declared a state of emergency in Karabakh, sending troops to the region, and forcibly occupied Baku, killing over a hundred civilians. In April 1991, Azerbaijani militia and Soviet forces targeted Armenian populations in Karabakh, known as Operation Ring. Moscow also deployed troops to Yerevan. Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, conflict escalated into a full-scale war between the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, supported by Armenia and Azerbaijan. Military action was influenced by the Russian military, which inspired and manipulated the rivalry between the two neighbouring sides in order to keep both under control.[citation needed]

More than 30,000 people were killed in the fighting during the period of 1988 to 1994. In May 1992, Armenian forces seized Shusha and Lachin (thereby linking Nagorno-Karabakh to Armenia). By October 1993, Armenian forces succeeded in taking almost all of former NKAO, Lachin and large areas in southwestern Azerbaijan. In 1993, the UN Security Council adopted four resolutions calling for the cessation of hostilities, unimpeded access for international humanitarian relief efforts, and the eventual deployment of a peacekeeping force in the region. Fighting continued, however, until May 1994 at which time Russia brokered a cease-fire between the three sides.

Negotiations to resolve the conflict peacefully have been ongoing since 1992 under the aegis of the Minsk Group of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe. The Minsk Group is co-chaired by Russia, France, and the United States and has representation from Turkey, the U.S., several European nations, Armenia and Azerbaijan. Despite the 1994 cease-fire, sporadic violations, sniper-fire and landmine incidents continue to claim over 100 lives each year.[10]

Since 1997, the Minsk Group co-chairs have presented three proposals to serve as a framework for resolving the conflict. Each proposal was rejected. Beginning in 1999, the presidents of Azerbaijan and Armenia initiated a direct dialogue through a series of face-to-face meetings, often facilitated by the Minsk Group Co-Chairs. The OSCE sponsored a round of negotiations between the presidents in Key West, Florida. U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell launched the talks 3 April 2001, and the negotiations continued with mediation by the U.S., Russia and France until 6 April 2001. The Co-Chairs are still continuing to work with the two presidents in the hope of finding a lasting peace.

The two countries are still at war. Citizens of the Republic of Armenia, as well as citizens of any other country who are of Armenian descent, are forbidden entry to the Republic of Azerbaijan. If a person's passport shows evidence of travel to Nagorno–Karabakh, they are forbidden entry to the Republic of Azerbaijan.[11][12]

In 2008, in what became known as the 2008 Mardakert Skirmishes, Armenia forces and Azerbaijan clashed over Nagorno-Karabakh. The fighting between the sides was brief, with few casualties on either side.[13]

Countries with no diplomatic relations[edit]

Armenia does not have diplomatic relations with the following countries (organized by continent):

Africa[edit]

  • Botswana, Central African Republic, São Tomé and Príncipe, South Sudan, Lesotho

Asia[edit]

  • Pakistan (Pakistan does not recognize Armenia), Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Azerbaijan, Turkey

Europe[edit]

  • Hungary (suspended by Armenia since 31 August 2012 due to Ramil Safarov's extradition to Azerbaijan)[14][15]

North America[edit]

  • St. Kitts and Nevis, Dominica, Trinidad and Tobago, Barbados

Oceania[edit]

  • Palau, Micronesia, Marshall Islands, Kiribati, Nauru, Cook Islands, Niue, Tonga, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Papua New Guinea

Armenia also has no diplomatic relations with states with limited recognition.

Countries with diplomatic relations[edit]

Foreign relations of Armenia:
  Diplomatic relations established
  No diplomatic relations established
  Diplomatic relations suspended by Armenia

Armenia has diplomatic relations with 162 sovereign entities (including the African Union, Arab League, European Union, the Order of Malta, and Vatican City).[16] These include: Albania, Algeria, Afghanistan, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, Austria, Argentina, Bahamas, Bahrain, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan,[17] Bangladesh, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bolivia, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, the People's Republic of China, Columbia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominican Republic, DR Congo,[18] East Timor, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Grenada,[19] Haiti, Holy See (Vatican City), Honduras, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, North Korea, South Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Libya, Macedonia,[20][21] Madagascar, Maldives, Malasia, Malawi, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mexico, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar,[22] Namibia, Norway, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Order of Malta, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, San Marino, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sudan, Suriname, Sri Lanka, Swaziland,[23] Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu,[24] Uganda, Ukraine, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom, the United States of America, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zambia and Zimbabwe.[25][26][27][28][29][30][31][32][33][34][35][36][37][38][39][40]

Notes on some of these relations follow:

African Union[edit]

Armenia established diplomatic relations with the African Union on 25 October 2010.[41] The African Union Commission hailed the Armenian government’s intention to have a representative in the AU, and expressed willingness to develop relations with Armenia. The Representative of Armenia to the African Union is located in Cairo, Egypt.

Africa[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Algeria 30 December 1992

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 30 December 1992.[42]

 Angola 3 October 1994

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 3 October 1994.[43]

 Benin 2 August 2007

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 2 August 2007.[43]

 Burkina Faso 16 November 1992

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 16 November 1992.[43]

 Burundi 28 May 1992

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 28 May 1992.[44]

 Cameroon 28 May 2007

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 28 May 2007.[43]

 Cape Verde 26 February 2007

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 26 February 2007.[43]

 Chad 26 December 2006

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 26 December 2006.[43]

 Comoros 3 July 2008

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 3 July 2008.[45]

 Congo 15 March 2007

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 15 March 2007.[46]

 Cote D'Ivoire 13 May 1998

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 13 May 1998.[43]

 Democratic Republic of Congo 10 November 2015

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 10 November 2015.[47]

 Djibouti 10 October 2015

In October 2015, both countries Foreign Ministers met to discuss establishing diplomatic relations and possible ways of developing bilateral ties.[48]

 Egypt March 1992 See Armenia–Egypt relations
 Ethiopia 1993
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on 2 December 1993.[49]
  • Armenia is represented in Ethiopia through its embassy in Cairo, Egypt.[49]
  • Ethiopia is represented in Armenia through its embassy in Moscow, Russia.[49]
  • There is a small community of Armenians in Ethiopia's capital Addis Ababa. See also Armenians in Ethiopia
 Eritrea 16 October 1994

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 16 October 1994.[50]

 Equatorial Guinea 19 May 1992

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 19 May 1992.[51]

 Gabon 9 March 1994

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 9 March 1994.[43]

 Ghana 29 May 1992

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 29 May 1992.[43]

 Guinea 1992

Both countries established diplomatic relations in 1992.[43]

 Guinea-Bissau 3 September 1992

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 3 September 1992.[43]

 Kenya 13 July 1993

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 13 July 1993.[52]

 Libya 2000

Both countries established diplomatic relations in the year 2000.[53]

 Madagascar 1993
  • Diplomatic relations between Armenia and Madagascar were established on 25 June 1993.[54]
 Malawi 20 January 2012

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 20 January 2012.[55]

 Mali 21 February 1994

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 21 February 1994.[56]

 Mauritania 30 January 2008

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 30 January 2008.[57]

 Mauritius 28 June 2013
  • Diplomatic relations between Armenia and Mauritius were established on 28 June 2013.[58]
 Morocco June 1992

Both countries established diplomatic relations on June 1992.[59]

  • Morocco has an honorary consulate in Yerevan
 Mozambique 13 September 1995

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 13 September 1995.[43]

 Namibia 2 October 2006
  • Diplomatic relations between Armenia and Namibia were established on 2 October 2006.[60]
 Nigeria 4 February 1993

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 4 February 1993.[61]

 Rwanda 2004

Both countries established diplomatic relations in 2004.[43]

 Senegal 8 April 2004

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 8 April 2004.[62]

  • Armenia is represented by Senegal through its embassy in Moscow.
 Seychelles 19 April 2006
  • Diplomatic relations between were established on 19 April 2006.[63]
 Sierra Leone 22 March 2004

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 22 March 2004.[64]

 South Africa 1993
  • Diplomatic relations between Armenia and South Africa were established on 23 June 1993.[65]
  • Armenia is represented in South Africa through its embassy in Cairo, Egypt.[66]
  • South Africa is represented in Armenia through its embassy in Kiev, Ukraine.[66]
 South Sudan

Armenia and South Sudan have not yet established diplomatic relations, however the Foreign Minister of Armenia stated that Armenia recognizes the Republic of South Sudan as an independent state on July 9, 2011.[67]

 Sudan 8 December 1992

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 8 December 1992.[68]

  • There is a small Armenian community in Sudan, most are concentrated in the Sudanese capital Khartoum.
 Swaziland 2013

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 3 May 2013.[69]

 Tanzania 1992

Both countries established diplomatic relations in 1992.[70]

 Togo 25 November 2016

Both countries Foreign Ministers met to discuss the next steps of establishing diplomatic relations at the 2016 La Francophonie summit.[71]

 Tunisia 15 July 2002

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 15 July 2002.[72]

 Uganda 28 June 2013

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 28 June 2013.[73]

 Zambia 1993

Both countries established diplomatic relations in 1993.[74]

 Zimbabwe 1992

Both countries established diplomatic relations in 1992.[75]

Americas[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Antigua and Barbuda 14 May 1993

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 14 May 1993.[76]

 Argentina 17 January 1992 See Argentina–Armenia relations
 Belize 12 February 1999

Both countries established diplomatic relation on 12 February 1999.[77]

 Bolivia 27 July 1992

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 27 July 1992.[43]

  • In 2014, Bolivia recognized the Armenian Genocide.
 Brazil 17 February 1992 See Armenia–Brazil relations
  • Armenia has an embassy in Brasilia.
  • Brazil has an embassy in Yerevan.
  • In 2015, Brazil recognized the Armenian Genocide.
  • There are between 80,000- 100,000 people of Armenian descent living in Brazil.[78]
 Canada See also Armenia–Canada relations, Embassy of Armenia in Ottawa, Armenian Canadian
 Chile 1992
  • Armenia is represented in Chile through its embassy in Buenos Aires (Argentina), and honorary consulate in Santiago.
  • Chile is represented in Armenia through its embassy in Moscow (Russia).
  • In 2007, Chile recognized the Armenian Genocide.
  • There are around 1,600 people of Armenian descent living in Chile.[citation needed]

Chile recognized the Armenian Genocide on 14 September 2007.[81][82][83]

 Colombia December 1994

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 22 December 1994.[84]

  • The city of Armenia, Colombia was renamed after Armenia in memory of the victims of the Armenian Genocide.
 Costa Rica 8 April 1997

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 8 April 1997.[43]

 Cuba 27 March 1992
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on 27 March 1992.[85]
  • Armenia is represented in Cuba through its embassy in Mexico City, Mexico.[85]
  • Cuba is represented in Armenia through its embassy in Moscow, Russia.[85]
 Dominican Republic 9 October 2007

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 9 October 2007.[86]

 Ecuador 20 May 1997
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on 20 May 1997.[87]
  • Ecuador is a member of the Andean Parliament which recognized the Armenian Genocide in September 2016.
 El Salvador 22 March 1999

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 22 March 1999.[43]

 Guatemala 29 June 1998

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 29 June 1998.[88]

 Guyana 24 October 2003
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on 24 October 2003.[89]
 Greenland 14 January 1992

Armenia maintains relations with Greenland via Denmark, established on 14 January 1992.[90]

 Grenada 3 April 2012

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 3 April. 2012.[91]

 Haiti 21 January 1999

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 21 January 1999.[92]

 Honduras 16 September 2011

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 16 September 2011.[43]

 Jamaica 1 December 1995

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 1 December 1995.[43]

 Mexico 14 January 1992[93] See Armenia–Mexico relations
  • Armenia has an embassy in Mexico City.[94]
  • Mexico is accredited to Armenia from its embassy in Moscow, Russia.[95]
  • There are approximately 400 Armenians living in Mexico and several thousand Mexicans of Armenian descent.[96]
  • See also: Armenians in Mexico
 Nicaragua 6 July 1994

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 6 July 1994.[97]

 Panama 7 August 1998

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 7 August 1998.[98]

 Paraguay 2 July 1992

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 2 July. 1992.[99]

  • In 2015, Paraguay recognized the Armenian Genocide.
 Peru 20 April 1992[93]
  • Peru recognized Armenia on 26 December 1991.
  • Peru is represented in Armenia through its embassy in Moscow, Russia.
  • There are around 50 people of Armenian descent living in Peru.
  • Peru is a member of the Andean Parliament which recognized the Armenian Genocide in September 2016.
 Saint Lucia 17 October 2000

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 17 October 2000.[43]

 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 17 December 2004

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 17 December 2004.[43]

 Suriname 24 July 1999

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 24 July 1999.[43]

 United States 1920 & 1991 See Armenia–United States relations

The dissolution of the Soviet Union in December 1991 brought an end to the Cold War and created the opportunity for bilateral relations with the New Independent States (NIS) as they began a political and economic transformation. The U.S. recognized the independence of Armenia on 25 December 1991, and opened an embassy in Yerevan in February 1992.

  • Armenia has an embassy in Washington, DC and a consulate-general in Los Angeles.[100]
  • The United States has an embassy in Yerevan, which is the second-largest American embassy in the world.[101]
  • As of 2017, 48 out of 50 US States have fully recognized the Armenian Genocide.
  • There are approximately 1,500,000 million Armenian-Americans
  • See also: Armenian American
 Uruguay 1992 See Armenia–Uruguay relations
  • Armenia is represented in Uruguay through its embassy in Buenos Aires (Argentina) and an honorary consulate in Montevideo.[102]
  • Uruguay is represented in Armenia through its embassy in Moscow (Russia) and through a consulate in Yerevan.[103]
  • There are around 20,000 people of Armenian descent living in Uruguay.[78]
  • Uruguay was the first country to recognize the Armenian Genocide on 20 April 1965.
 Venezuela 30 October 1993[93]
  • Armenia has an honorary consulate in Caracas
  • Venezuela is represented in Armenia through its embassy in Moscow, Russia.
  • There are around 4000 people of Armenian descent living in Venezuela.[78]
  • Venezuelan parliament has recognized the Armenian Genocide.

Arab League[edit]

Armenia was granted Observer Status in the Arab League in 2004 after a Syrian invitation.[104]

  • Armenia maintains positive relations with most Arab states, with the exception of Saudi Arabia.
  • A memorandum on mutual understanding and cooperation between Armenia and the Arab League was signed in January 2005.[105] The agreement promotes intensifying cooperation and the opening of Armenian diplomatic missions in Arab states.

Asia[edit]

Country Formal relations began Notes
 Afghanistan 5 September 1996

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 5 September 1996.[106]

 Artsakh See Foreign relations of Artsakh
  • The disputed region of Artsakh has very close relations with Armenia.
  • A Representative Office of Artsakh was established in Yerevan.
 Azerbaijan No diplomatic relations See Armenia–Azerbaijan relations, Nagorno-Karabakh War, Sumgait pogrom, Baku pogrom, Maraga massacre, Khachkar destruction in Nakhichevan

The two nations have fought two wars in 1918–20 (Armenian–Azerbaijani War) and in 1988–94 (Nagorno-Karabakh War), in the past century, with last one ended with provisional cease fire agreement signed in Bishkek. There are no formal diplomatic relations between the two countries, because of the ongoing Nagorno-Karabakh conflict and dispute.

During the Soviet period, many Armenians and Azeris lived in relative peace under the Soviet iron fist. However, when Mikhail Gorbachev introduced the policies of Glasnost and Perestroika, the majority of Armenians from the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast (NKAO) of the Azerbaijan SSR began a movement to unify with the Armenian SSR. In 1988, the Armenians of Karabakh voted to secede and join Armenia. This, along with sporadic massacres in Azerbaijan against Armenians resulted in the conflict that became known as the Nagorno-Karabakh War. The violence resulted in de facto Armenian control of former NKAO and seven surrounding Azerbaijani regions which was effectively halted when the three sides agreed to observe a cease-fire which has been in effect since May 1994, and in late 1995 the sides also agreed to mediation of the OSCE Minsk Group. The Minsk Group is co-chaired by the U.S., France and Russia, and comprises Armenia, Azerbaijan, Turkey and several Western European nations. Despite the cease fire, up to 40 clashes are reported along the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict lines of control each year.[citation needed]

The sides are still technically at war. Citizens of the Republic of Armenia, as well as citizens of any other country who are of Armenian descent, are forbidden entry to the Republic of Azerbaijan.[5] If a person's passport shows any evidence of travel to Nagorno-Karabakh, they are forbidden to enter the Republic of Azerbaijan.[54]

In 2008, in what became known as the 2008 Mardakert Skirmishes, Armenia and Azerbaijan clashed over Nagorno-Karabakh. The fighting between the three sides was brief, with few casualties on either side.[6]

 Bahrain October 1996

Both countries established diplomatic relations on October 1996.[107]

 Bangladesh 11 November 1992

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 11 November 1992.[108]

 Bhutan 27 September 2012
 Brunei Darussalam 15 April 2012

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 15 April 2012.[107]

 Cambodia 14 May 1992

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 14 May 1992.[107]

 China 6 April 1992 See Armenia–China relations
  • China recognized Armenia on 21 December 1991.
  • Armenia has an embassy in Beijing.
  • China has an embassy in Yerevan.[109]
  • Since the establishment of diplomatic relations, cultural exchange has been a major component of bilateral relations, as both nations recognize the importance of creating a strong foundation based upon their ancient and rich histories.[110]
 East Timor 23 December 2003

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 23 December 2003.[111]

Eurasian Economic Union (Organization) 2015 See Member states of the Eurasian Economic Union and Enlargement of the Eurasian Economic Union
  • Armenia joined the Eurasian Union on January 2, 2015.
  • Armenia is a member of the Eurasian Customs Union Free-trade area.
  • Other members include Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Observer member Moldova.
 Georgia 17 July 1992 See Armenia–Georgia relations

Armenians and Georgians have a lot in common. Both are ancient Christian civilizations with their own distinct alphabets. Both use the terms "Apostolic" and "Orthodox" in the full titles of their respective churches. They also use the term "Catholicos" to refer to their church patriarchs. Despite all this, however, Armenians and Georgians have tended to have a tenuous relationship (at times, sharing close bonds while at other times regarding each other as rivals).

Today, relations with Georgia are of particular importance for Armenia because, under the economic blockade imposed by Turkey and Azerbaijan due to the ongoing Karabakh conflict, Georgia offers Armenia its only land connection with Europe and access to its Black Sea ports. However, because of Armenia's reliance on Russia and Georgia, both of whom fought the 2008 South Ossetia war and severed diplomatic and economic relations as a result; and as 70% of Armenia's imports entered via Georgia especially from Russia which has imposed an economic blockade on Georgia, Armenia also has been indirectly affected from this blockade as well. The development of close relations between Turkey and Georgia (such as the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan oil pipeline and South Caucasus natural gas pipeline) have also weighed on the mutual relations. For example, on 20 March 2006, Georgian Ambassador to Armenia Revaz Gachechiladze stated, "We sympathize with the sister nation but taking decisions of the kind we should take into account the international situation. When the time comes Georgia will do everything within the limits of the possible for the recognition of the Armenian Genocide by the international community including Georgia."[59] However, Armenian-Georgian relations have begun to improve. On 10 May 2006, Armenia and Georgia agreed on the greater part of the lines of the state border between the two countries.[60] The Javakheti region in southern Georgia contains a large Armenian population and although there have been local civic organizations (such as United Javakhk) pushing for autonomy, there has been no violence between Armenians and Georgians in the area.

  • Armenia has an embassy in Tbilisi and general consulate in Batumi.
  • Georgia has an embassy in Yerevan.
  • There are roughly 170,000 Armenians in Georgia today.
 India 31 August 1992 See Armenia–India relations
  • Since 1999, Armenia has an embassy in New Delhi and two honorary consulates Mumbai, and Chennai.
  • India has an embassy in Yerevan.[112]
  • Indian government is funding the renovation of schools in Lori region.
  • Around 700 Medical students are studying in Armenian universities.
  • Armenia recognizes Kashmir to be part of India and not of Pakistan.
  • Armenia supports India's bid for permanent seat in the UNSC.[113]
 Indonesia 22 September 1992

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 22 September 1992.[114]

  • Armenia has an embassy in Jakarta
  • Indonesia has an honorary consulate in Yerevan
 Iran See Armenia–Iran relations

Despite religious and ideological differences, relations between Armenia and the Islamic Republic of Iran remain cordial and Armenia and Iran are strategic partners in the region. Armenia and Iran enjoy cultural and historical ties that go back thousands of years. There are no border disputes between the two countries and the Christian Armenian minority in Iran enjoys official recognition. Of special importance is the cooperation in the field of energy security which lowers Armenia's dependence on Russia and can in the future also supply Iranian gas to Europe through Georgia and the Black Sea.

  • Armenia has an embassy in Tehran.
  • Iran has an embassy in Yerevan.
  • An estimated 200,000 Armenians live in Iran. See also Iranian Armenians
 Iraq 2000

Both countries established diplomatic relations in the year 2000[115]

  • Armenia has an Embassy in Baghdad
  • Iraq has an Embassy in Yerevan
  • In 2015, Armenia announced it would establish a consulate general in Erbil, the capital of Iraqi Kurdistan.
  • Today it is estimated that there are around 15,000 Armenians in Iraq.
 Israel See Armenia–Israel relations

Since independence, Armenia has received support from Israel and today remains one of its major trade partners. While both countries have diplomatic relations, neither maintains an embassy in the other country. Instead, Ehude Moshe Eytam, the Israeli ambassador to Armenia is based in Tbilisi, Georgia, and visits Yerevan twice a month. Israel has recognized 24 Armenians as Righteous Among the Nations for risking their lives to save Jews during the Holocaust.

 Japan 7 September 1992 See Armenia–Japan relations
 Jordan 18 June 1996

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 18 June 1996.[116]

  • Armenia is represented by a consulate in the capital Amman.
  • There are an estimated 3,000-5,000 Armenians living in the country today.
 Kazakhstan 27 August 1992 See Armenia–Kazakhstan relations
 North Korea 13 February 1992[117]
 Kuwait 1994
  • Armenia has an embassy in Kuwait city.
  • Kuwait has an embassy in Yerevan.
  • There are around 6,000 people of Armenian descent living in Kuwait.
 Kyrgyzstan 1993
 Laos 1998

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 21 April 1998.[122]

 Lebanon See Armenia–Lebanon relations

Armenian-Lebanese relations are very friendly. Lebanon is host to the eighth largest Armenian population in the world with around 160,000 Armenians in the country. Lebanon is the only member of the Arab League, much less of the Middle East and the Islamic World that recognizes the Armenian Genocide. During the 2006 Lebanon War, Armenia announced that it would send humanitarian aid to Lebanon. According to the Armenian government, an unspecified amount of medicines, tents and fire-fighting equipment was allocated to Lebanese authorities on 27 July 2006.[123][124]

  • Armenia has an embassy in Beirut.
  • Lebanon has an embassy in Yerevan.
 Malaysia 11 March 1993
  • Armenia is represented in Malaysia through embassy in New Delhi (India).
  • Malaysia is represented in Armenia through embassy in Moscow (Russia).

Malaysia never have close contact with Armenia to maintain the relationships with Turkey.[125]

 Maldives 1995

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 10 January 1995.[126]

 Mongolia 1992
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on 11 February 1992.[127]
  • Armenia is represented in Mongolia through its embassy in Beijing, China.[127]
 Myanmar 31 January 2013

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 31 January 2013.[128]

   Nepal 26 March 1993

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 26 March 1993.[129]

 Oman July 1992

Both countries established diplomatic relations in July 1992.[130]

  • Oman has an honorary consulate in Yerevan.
 Pakistan See Armenia–Pakistan relations

Armenia-Pakistan relations are poor owing to disagreements between the two countries. The main issue is the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. Pakistan is a major supporter of Azerbaijan during and after the Nagorno-Karabakh War. Pakistan also does not recognize Armenia despite Armenia recognizing Pakistan. Pakistan does not recognize the Armenian Genocide and maintains that during the war large number of Armenians and Muslims were killed. Armenia also has friendly relations with India, which Pakistan heavily opposes.

 Philippines 20 May 1992 See Armenia–Philippines relations
  • The Philippines has a consulate in Yerevan.
  • Armenia has a consulate in Manila.
 Qatar 5 November 1997

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 5 November 1997.[107]

 Singapore 1 July 1992

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 1 July 1992.[131]

 Sri Lanka 12 February 1992
  • Armenia is represented in Sri Lanka through the Embassy of Armenia in New Delhi.
  • Sri Lanka is represented in Armenia through its embassy in Moscow (Russia) and an honorary consulate in Yerevan.
 Saudi Arabia

There are no diplomatic relations between Armenia and Saudi Arabia.[132]

 South Korea 21 February 1992[133] See Armenia–South Korea relations
 Syria See Armenia–Syria relations
  • Armenia has an embassy in Damascus and a consulate general in Aleppo and honorary consulate in Der ez-Zor .[135]
  • Since 1997, Syria has an embassy in Yerevan.
  • There are around 150,000 people of Armenian descent living in the Syria.[citation needed] During the Armenian Genocide, the main killing fields of Armenians were located in the Syrian desert of Deir ez-Zor. In 2015, the government of Syria recognized the Armenian Genocide.
  • Armenian Ministry of Foreign Affairs: direction of the Syrian embassy in Yerevan[136]
 Tajikistan 1992
 Thailand 1992
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on 7 July 1992 by protocol.[141]
  • Armenia has an honorary consulate in Bangkok.[142]
  • Thailand is represented in Armenia through its embassy in Moscow, Russia and an honorary consulate in Yerevan.[143]
 Turkey No formal diplomatic relations See Armenia–Turkey relations

Turkey was one of the first countries to recognize Armenia's independence in 1991. Despite this, for most of the 20th century and early 21st century, relations remain tense and there are no formal diplomatic relations between the two countries for numerous reasons. Some bones of contention include the unresolved Karabakh conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan (which has resulted in Turkey imposing a blockade on Armenia that is still in effect today), the treatment of Armenians in Turkey, the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan oil pipeline, and the Armenian claim of Turkey's holding of historic Armenian lands[citation needed][dubious ] (ceded to them in the Treaty of Kars, a treaty which Armenia refuses to recognize to this day since it was signed between the Soviet Union and Turkey, and not between Armenia and Turkey proper). At the forefront of all disputes, however, is the issue surrounding the Armenian Genocide. The killing and deportation of between one and one-and-a-half million Armenians from the Ottoman Empire orchestrated by the Young Turks is a taboo subject in Turkey itself as the Turkish government refuses to acknowledge that a genocide ever happened. However, since Turkey has become a candidate to join the European Union, limited discussion of the event is now taking place in Turkey. Some in the European Parliament have even suggested that one of the provisions for Turkey to join the E.U. should be the full recognition of the event as genocide.

On 5 June 2005, Armenian President Robert Kocharian announced that he was ready to "continue dialogue with Azerbaijan for the settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict and with Turkey on establishing relations without any preconditions."[144] Armenia has also stated that as a legal successor to the Armenian SSR, it is loyal to the Treaty of Kars and all agreements inherited by the former Soviet Armenian government.[145] Yet Turkey continues to lay preconditions on relations, insisting that Armenia abandon its efforts to have the Genocide recognized, which official Yerevan is not willing to do.

In the wake of the 2008 South Ossetia war between Russia and Georgia, Armenia and Turkey have shown signs of an inclination to reconsider their relationship. According to The Economist magazine, 70% of Armenia's imports enter via Georgia. Because of the apparently belligerent posture of the Russian state, economic ties with Turkey appear especially attractive.[146]

It is estimated that around 70,000 Armenians live in Turkey today, down from nearly 2 million before the start of the Armenian Genocide in 1914. See Armenians in Turkey.

 Turkmenistan 1992
 United Arab Emirates
  • Armenia has an embassy in Abu Dhabi.[147]
  • The United Arab Emirates has an embassy in Yerevan.
  • There are around 3,500 people of Armenian descent living in the United Arab Emirates.[148]
  • Armenian Ministry of Foreign Affairs: presentation of the Emirati ambassador’s credentials to the Armenian Foreign Minister[149]
 Uzbekistan 1995
 Vietnam 1992
  • Diplomatic relations between Armenia and Vietnam were established on 14 July 1992.[153]
  • Armenia has an embassy in Hanoi.
  • Vietnam is represented in Armenia through its embassy in Moscow, Russia.[154]

Europe[edit]

Country Formal relations began Notes
 Albania 18 February 1993
  • Armenia is represented in Albania through its embassy in Athens, (Greece).
  • Albania is represented in Armenia through its embassy in Athens, (Greece).
 Andorra 18 November 2003
  • Armenia is represented in Andorra through its embassy in Paris, (France).
  • Andorra is represented in Armenia through its embassy in Paris, (France).
 Austria 24 January 1992
  • Armenia has an embassy in Vienna.
  • Austria has an honorary consulate in Yerevan.
  • Approximately 6,000 Armenians live in Austria. See Armenians in Austria.
  • In 2015, Austria recognized the Armenian Genocide.
 Belarus 12 June 1993
  • Armenia has an embassy in Minsk.
  • Belarus has an embassy in Yerevan and honorary consulate in Gyumri.
  • Both countries are full members of the Eurasian Union.
  • Approximately 30,000 Armenians live in Belarus, mainly in Minsk. See also Armenians in Belarus.
 Belgium 10 March 1992
  • Armenia has an embassy in Brussels.
  • Belgium is represented in Armenia through its embassy in Moscow.
  • Around 8,000 Armenians live in Belgium.
  • Belgium recognized the Armenian Genocide in 1998.
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 29 July 1997
  • Bosnia is represented in Armenia through its embassy in Moscow.
 Bulgaria 18 January 1992 See Armenia–Bulgaria relations
 Croatia 8 July 1994 See Armenia–Croatia relations
  • Armenia is represented in Croatia through its embassy in Rome (Italy) and honorary consulate in Zagreb.
  • Croatia is represented in Armenia through its embassy in Athens (Greece) and honorary consulate in Yerevan.
 Cyprus 18 March 1992 See Armenia–Cyprus relations
  • Cyprus was the second country to recognise the Armenian Genocide, on 24 April 1975.
  • Armenia is represented in Cyprus through its embassy in Athens (Greece).
  • Cyprus is represented in Armenia through its embassy in Moscow (Russia), and through an honorary consulate in Yerevan.
  • There are over 3.500 people of Armenian descent living in Cyprus.[57]
  • Vahan Ovanesyan of the Armenian Revolutionary Federation visited Cyprus on 24 January 2001 to take part in celebrations of the 110th anniversary of the federation.
 Czech Republic 30 March 1992
  • Armenia is represented in Czech Republic through its embassy in Prague.
  • The Czech Republic is represented in Armenia through its embassy in Yerevan.
  • The Czech Republic has recognized the Armenian Genocide.
  • There are around 12,000 people of Armenian descent living in the Czech Republic.
 Denmark 14 January 1992 See Armenia–Denmark relations
  • Armenia is represented in Denmank through its embassy in Kopenhagen, Denmark.
  • Denmark is represented in Armenia through its embassy in Kiev, Ukraine and honorary consulate in Yerevan.
  • On January 26, 2017, the Parliament of Denmark approved a resolution condemning Turkish violence and massacres against Armenians during the Armenian Genocide.
  • There are approximately 3,000 Armenians in Denmark.
 European Union (Organization) 1991 See Armenia–European Union relations and Future enlargement of the European Union
  • Formal relations began in 1991 when Armenia gained independence from the Soviet Union.
  • In 2002, the European Parliament announced that Armenia could potentially join the EU in the future.
  • A Comprehensive and Enhanced Partnership Agreement between the EU and Armenia was finalized in 2017.
  • Armenia is a member of the Euronest Parliamentary Assembly, the Council of Europe, and the EU's Eastern Partnership.
  • The Delegation of the European Union to Armenia Office is located in Yerevan. The Armenian Mission to the EU Office is in Brussels.
  • Since 2013, EU citizens enjoy visa-free travel to Armenia.
  • In 2017, Armenia began talks on visa-liberalization for Armenian citizens traveling into the EU's Schengen Area.
  • Both the European Parliament and the Council of Europe have recognized the Armenian Genocide.
 Estonia 23 August 1992
 Finland 25 March 1992
  • Before 1918, both countries were part of the Russian Empire. Finland recognised Armenia on 30 December 1991. Armenia is represented in Finland by a non-resident ambassador (based in Stokholm, Sweden). Finland is represented in Armenia by a non-resident ambassador (based in Helsinki at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs) and an honorary consulate in Yerevan. Around 1,000 people of Armenian descent live in Finland.
  • Finnish Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Armenia
 France 24 February 1992 See Armenia–France relations

Franco-Armenian relations have existed since the French and the Armenians established contact in the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia and are close to this day. 2006 was proclaimed the Year of Armenia in France.

  • Armenia has an embassy in Paris and honorary consulates in Lyon and Marseille.
  • France has an embassy in Yerevan.
  • There are around 750,000 Armenians in France. See also Armenians in France.
  • France recognized the Armenian Genocide in 1998.
 Germany Jan 1992 See Armenia–Germany relations
  • Armenia has an embassy in Berlin and honorary consulate in Karlsruhe.
  • Germany has an embassy in Yerevan.
  • Between 90,000-110,000 Armenians live in Germany today. See also Armenians in Germany.
  • Germany recognized the Armenian Genocide in 2005.
 Greece 20 January 1992 See Armenia–Greece relations

Greece was one of the first countries to recognize Armenia's independence on 21 September 1991, and one of those that have officially recognized the Armenian Genocide. Since the independence of Armenia the two countries have been partners within the framework of international organizations (United Nations, OSCE, Council of Europe, BSEC), whilst Greece firmly supports the community programs aimed at further developing relations between the EU and Armenia.

Continuous visits of the highest level have shown that both countries want to continue to improve the levels of friendship and cooperation (Visit by the President of Armenia Levon Ter-Petrossian to Greece in 1996, visit by the President of the Hellenic Republic Costis Stephanopoulos in 1999, visit by the President of Armenia Robert Kocharyan to Greece in 2000 and 2005 and visit by Greek president Karolos Papoulias to Armenia in June 2007).

Greece is, after Russia, the major military partner of Armenia. Armenian officers are trained in Greek military academies, and various technical assistance is supplied by Greece. Since 2003, an Armenian platoon has been deployed in Kosovo as part of KFOR, where they operate as a part of the Greek battalion of KFOR. It is estimated that around 80,000 Armenians live in Greece.

  • Armenia has an embassy in Athens.
  • Greece has an embassy in Yerevan.
 Holy See 23 May 1992
  • Armenia has an Embassy in Rome.
  • In 2000, the Vatican recognized the Armenian Genocide.
 Hungary 26 February 1992

31 Aug 2012

See Armenia–Hungary relations

  • Armenia was represented in Hungary through its embassy in Vienna (Austria).
  • Hungary was represented in Armenia through its embassy in Tbilisi(Georgia) and an honorary consulate in Yerevan.[156]
  • There are around 30,000 people of Armenian descent living in Hungary.
 Iceland 1995
 Ireland 13 June 1996
  • Ireland recognized Armenia's independence in December 1991.
  • Armenia is represented in Ireland through its embassy in London and through an honorary consulate in Dublin.[157]
  • Ireland is represented in Armenia through its embassy in Sofia (Bulgaria) and through an honorary consulate in Yerevan.
  • Both countries are full members of the Council of Europe.[158]
  • There is a small Armenian community in Ireland, mostly in Dublin.
 Italy 12 May 1993
 Kosovo See Armenia–Kosovo relations
  • Armenia has not established diplomatic relations with Kosovo.
 Latvia 22 August 1992
 Liechtenstein 7 May 2008
 Lithuania 21 November 1991
 Luxembourg 11 June 1992
  • Armenia is represented in Luxembourg through its embassy in Brussels, (Belgium), and an honorary consulate in Luxembourg.
  • Luxembourg recognized the Armenian Genocide in 2015.
 Macedonia 27 April 1993[20]
 Malta 27 May 1993
  • Armenia is represented in Malta through its embassy in Rome.
  • Malta is represented in Armenia through its embassy in Warsaw and honorary consulate in Yerevan.
  • Around 500 Armenians live in Malta.
 Moldova May 1992
 Monaco Oct 2008
 Montenegro 7 November 2006
  • Montenegro has an honorary consulate in Yerevan.
 Netherlands 30 January 1992
 Norway 5 June 1992
  • Armenia is represented in Norway through its embassy in Kopenhagen (Denmark).
  • Norway has an honorary consulate in Yerevan.
  • Approximately 2,000 Armenians live in Norway.
 Poland 26 February 1992 See Armenia–Poland relations
  • Armenia has an embassy in Warsaw.
  • Poland has an embassy in Yerevan.[162]
  • There are around 50,000 Armenians in Poland.
  • See also Armenians in Poland
  • Poland recognized the Armenian Genocide in 2005.
 Portugal 25 May 1992 See Armenia–Portugal relations
  • Armenia is represented in Portugal through its embassy in Rome (Italy) and honorary consulates in Lisbon and Porto.
  • Portugal is represented in Armenia through its embassy in Moscow (Russia) and an honorary consulate in Yerevan.[163]

One of the most notable Armenians who resided in Portugal was Calouste Gulbenkian. He was a wealthy Armenian businessman and philanthropist, who made Lisbon the headquarters for his businesses. He established the international charity, the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation in Lisbon. He also founded the Museu Calouste Gulbenkian in Lisbon.[164][165]

 Romania 17 November 1991 See Armenia–Romania relations
  • Armenia has an embassy in Bucharest.[166]
  • Romania has an embassy in Yerevan.[167]
  • Around 10,000 Armenians live in Romania.
 Russia 3 April 1992 See Armenia–Russia relations

Armenia's most notable recent foreign policy success came with 29 August treaty with Russia on friendship, cooperation and mutual assistance, in which Moscow committed itself to the defense of Armenia should it be attacked by a third party. Russia is the key regional security player, and has proved a valuable historical ally for Armenia. Although it appeared as a response to Aliyev's US trip, the treaty had probably long been under development. However, it is clear from the wider context of Armenian foreign policy that—while Yerevan welcomes the Russian security guarantee—the country does not want to rely exclusively on Moscow, nor to become part of a confrontation between Russian and US-led alliances in the Transcaucasus.

  • Armenia has an embassy in Moscow and general consulates Dony Rostov and Sankt Peterburg and honorary consulates in Kaliningrad and Sochi.
  • Russia has an embassy in Yerevan and general consulate in Gyumri.
  • Russia has recognized the Armenian Genocide in 1995.
  • Armenia joined the Russian-led Eurasian Union in 2015.
  • It is estimated that there are between 2,500,000 and 2,900,000 million Armenians in Russia.
 San Marino 21 March 2006
  • Armenia is represented in San Marino through its embassy in Rome (Italy).
  • San Marino has an honorary consulte in Yerevan.
 Serbia 14 January 1993 See Armenia–Serbia relations
 Slovakia 14 January 1993
 Slovenia 27 June 1994
  • Armenia has an honorary consulate in Ljubljana.
  • Slovenia has an honorary consulate in Yerevan.
 Sovereign Military Order of Malta 29 May 1998
  • Diplomatic relations were established on 29 May 1998.
  • The Sovereign Military Order of Malta maintains an embassy in Yerevan.
  • The Order of Malta has recognized the Armenian Genocide.
 Spain 27 January 1992
  • Armenia has an embassy in Madrid[169] and there are two honorary consulates in Valencia and Barcelona.
  • Spain is represented in Armenia through its embassy in Moscow (Russia) and an honorary consulate in Yerevan.
  • Five regional parliaments in Spain including the Balearic Islands, Aragon, Navarre, Basque Country and Catalonia as well as 29 municipalities have recognized the Armenian Genocide.
  • Around 80,000 Armenians live in Spain.
  • Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperations about the relation with Armenia[170]
 Sweden 10 July 1992
  • Sweden recognized the Armenian Genocide in 2010.
  • Armenia has an embassy in Stockholm.
  • Sweden has an embassy in Yerevan in 2014.[171]
  • Swedish Ministry of Foreign Affairs: information about the Swedish ambassador to Armenia[172]
  • Around 5,000–8,000 Armenians live in Sweden.
  Switzerland 23 December 1991 See Armenia–Switzerland relations
  • The Armenian ambassador to Switzerland and the Swiss ambassador to Armenia (based in Yerevan, Armenia) were both accredited in 2011.
  • The Armenian ambassador to Switzerland is based in Geneva, in the Armenian representation to the United Nations.
  • There are roughly 5,000 Armenians in Switzerland.
  • In 2003, Switzerland recognized the Armenian Genocide.
  • Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs about relations with Armenia[173]
 Ukraine 25 December 1992

Armenian–Ukrainian relations have lasted for centuries and today are cordial. Relations between Armenia and Ukraine have deflated since Armenia recognized the disputed referendum in Crimea and its subsequent annexation by Russia, and Ukraine has withdrawn its ambassador to Armenia for consultations. The Ukrainian government has asserted that this is temporary and that diplomatic relations between the two states shall indeed continue.[174]

  • Armenia has an embassy in Kiev and consulates in Odessa and Yalta.
  • Ukraine has an embassy in Yerevan and honorary consulate in Gyumri.
  • An estimated 250,000 Armenians live in Ukraine.
  • Crimea recognized the Armenian Genocide in 2005.
 United Kingdom 20 January 1992 See Armenia–United Kingdom relations
  • The United Kingdom recognised Armenia on 31 December 1991.
  • The first embassy of the Republic of Armenia in Europe was established in London in October 1992.[175]
  • Since 1995, the United Kingdom has had an embassy in Yerevan.[176]
  • The two countries maintain collaborative and friendly relations, however the United Kingdom does not recognize the Armenian Genocide, as it considers that the evidence is not clear enough to respectively consider "the terrible events that afflicted the Ottoman Armenian population at the beginning of the last century" genocide under the 1948 UN convention. The British government states the "massacres were an appalling tragedy" and states that this was the view of the government during that period.[177] Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland consider it to be a genocide, and there is a memorial in Cardiff, Wales.
  • There are approximately 20,000 Armenians in the UK, mostly in Greater London and Manchester.
  • British Foreign and Commonwealth Office about relations with Armenia

Oceania[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Australia
  • The first Armenians migrated to Australia in the 1850s, during the gold rush.
  • The majority came to Australia in the 1960s, starting with the Armenians of Egypt after Nasser came to power then, in the early 1970s, from Cyprus after the Turkish occupation of the island and from 1975 until 1992, a period of civil unrest in Lebanon.
  • Person-to-person governmental links are increasing although they are still modest. In September 2003, The Hon Mr Philip Ruddock MP visited Armenia in his former capacity as Australian Minister for Immigration and Multicultural and Indigenous Affairs. In October 2005, the Armenian Foreign Minister, H.E. Mr Vardan Oskanyan, visited Australia. In November 2005, The Hon Mr Joe Hockey MP, Minister for Human Services, visited Armenia.
  • The Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia refuses to recognise the mass murder of Armenians in 1915 as Genocide, although the State of New South Wales and South Australia passed a law recognising the Armenian Genocide. The Australian Government elections of 2007 created an atmosphere in which the Opposition Labor party declared it will push for the Recognition of the Armenian Genocide in Australian Parliament if Labor wins the Elections.
  • There are around 60,000 Armenians in Australia.
 Fiji 2010

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 7 June 2010.[178]

 New Zealand 6 June 1992

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 6 June 1992.[179]

  • Armenia is represented by New Zealand through its embassy in Moscow.
  • There is a small Armenian community in New Zealand, mostly in Auckland.
 Tuvalu 16 March 2012

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 16 March 2012.[180]

 Vanuatu 2013

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 26 September 2013.[181]

Other international organizations[edit]

Armenia is additionally a full member in the following international organizations and programs:

Armenia is also an observer member of the Community of Democratic Choice, the Non-Aligned Movement, the Organization of American States, the Arab League, and a dialogue partner in the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation. Eduard Nalbandyan serves as Minister of Foreign Affairs of Armenia.

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

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References[edit]

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