Armenian Diocese of Beroea
Diocese of Beroea
Բերիոյ Հայոց Թեմ
|(as of 2011 est.)|
|Denomination||Armenian Apostolic Church|
|Cathedral||Forty Martyrs Cathedral, Aleppo|
|Primate||Bishop Masis Zobuian|
Armenian Diocese of Beroea (Armenian: Բերիոյ Հայոց Թեմ Berio Hayots Tem), is one of the oldest dioceses of the Armenian Apostolic Church outside the historic Armenian territories, covering the Syrian city of Aleppo and the governorates of Deir ez-Zor, Idlib, Latakia and Raqqa. It is known as Beroea, being named after one of the ancient names of Aleppo; when the city was renamed Beroea (Βέροια) in 301 BC by Seleucus Nicator until the Arab conquest of Syria and Aleppo in 637 AD. The seat of the bishop is the Forty Martyrs Cathedral of Aleppo. It is under the jurisdiction of the Holy See of Cilicia of the Armenian Church.
The presence of Armenians in northern Syria dates back to the 1st century BC. Under Tigranes the Great, Armenians invaded Syria and the city of Antioch was chosen as one of the four capitals of the short-lived Armenian Empire.
In the Middle Ages, Armenia was conquered by the Arab Islamic Caliphate during the first half of the 7th century. Thousands of Armenians were carried into slavery by the Arab invaders to serve in other regions of the Umayyad Caliphate including the Muslim-controlled Syria.[unreliable source?]
Another wave of Armenian migrants arrived in Cilicia and northern Syria during the 2nd half of the 11th century, when Armenia was conquered by the Seljuq Turks. Most Armenians established themselves in Cilicia where they founded the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia. Many other Armenians have preferred to settle in northern Syria. Armenian quarters were formed during the 11th century in Antioch, Aleppo, Ayntab, Marash, Kilis, etc.
However, the Armenian population of Syria and its surrounding areas has greatly diminished after the invasion of the Mongols under Hulagu Khan in 1260.
After the decline of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia during the 14th century, a new wave of Armenian migrants from the Cilician and other towns of northern Syria arrived in Aleppo. They have gradually developed their own schools and churches to become a well-organized community during the 15th century.
The Armenian Diocese of Beroea was founded in 1432 in Aleppo by the Great House of Cilicia. Hovakim of Beroea became the first bishop of Aleppo, serving as primate of the diocese between 1432 and 1442.
The estimated population of the diocese all over Syria was around 70,000 Armenians before the breakout of the Syrian Civil War.
Here is the list of churches in Syria functioning under the jurisdiction of the Diocese of Beroea, along with their location and year of consecration:
- Forty Martyrs Cathedral, Aleppo, 1491
- Saint Gregory the Illuminator's Church, Aleppo, 1933
- Surp Hagop Church, Aleppo, 1943
- Saint George's Church, Aleppo, 1965 (interior burnt by the Free Syrian Army during the Syrian Civil War)
- Church of the Holy Mother of God, Aleppo, 1983
- Holy Mother of God Church, Latakia, 1755 (as Surp Hagop), rebuilt in the 1940s and renamed after the Holy Mother of God
- Holy Mother of God Church, Kessab, unknown, renovated in 1880
- Holy Mother of God Church of Karadouran, Kessab, 1890, rebuilt in 2009
- Surp Anna Church, Yakubiyah village, 1380, under the control of Jabhat al-Nusra since 2012
- Surp Hripsime Church, Yakubiyah village, 1963, under the control of Jabhat al-Nusra since 2012
- Saint George's Church, Ghnemiyeh village, 1st half of the 18th century, renovated in 1875 (damaged by the Syrian Turkmen Brigades)
- Surp Stepanos Church, Aramo village, 1310 (damaged by the Syrian Turkmen Brigades)
- Holy Cross Church, Tell Abyad, 1932 (damaged by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant)
- Armenian Genocide Martyrs' Memorial Church, Deir ez-Zor, 1991, (almost entirely destroyed by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant)
- Surp Stepanos Chapel of Karadouran, Kessab, 909
- Virgin Mary's Chapel of Esguran, Kessab, 1940s
- Holy Resurrection Chapel, Markada village, 1995 (under the control of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant)
- ^ Kurkjian, Vahan M.A History of Armenia hosted by The University of Chicago. New York: Armenian General Benevolent Union of America, 1958 pp. 173-185
- ^ "The Diocese of Aleppo". Archived from the original on 2020-06-08. Retrieved 2014-02-01.
- ^ "Diocese of Aleppo, History". Diocese of Aleppo. Archived from the original on 2020-06-08. Retrieved 2014-02-01.
- ^ The Diocese of Aleppo and the regions
- ^ Saint George's Church, Aleppo
- ^ Առաքելական Ս. Յակոբ, եկեղեցի-հոգետուն համալիրը` կառուցուած 1755-ին
- ^ Եագուպիէի Ս. Աննա հրաշագործ մատուռ-ուխտավայրը կը կարծուի թէ կառուցուած է 1380 թուականին եւ նուիրուած է Յուդա-Կիւրեղի մօր` Աննայի, որ նահատակուած է 4-րդ դարուն:
- ^ Ղնեմիէն եղած է հայաբնակ գիւղ: Ղնեմիէի մէջ կը գտնուի հայ առաքելական Ս. Գէորգ եկեղեցին, որ կառուցուած է 1875-ին Ղնեմիէի ժողովուրդին կողմէ:
- ^ Թել Ապիատի Ս. Խաչ Նախնական եկեղեցին՝ Ս. Աստուածածինը կառուցուած է 1930-1932 թուականներուն, այժմ Ս. Խաչ եկեղեցի:
- ^ 7 մայիս 1995-ին, մատուռ-յուշակոթող նուիրագործուած է եւ անուանուած Ս. Յարութիւն Մատուռ: