Armenian Gampr

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Armenian Gampr
Other names
  • Armenian: գամփռ, gamp’ṙ
  • Gampr
  • Armenian Wolfhound Gampr
Height Males
from 65 cm (25 in)[1]: 65 
from 60 cm (23 in)[1]: 65 
Weight Males
average: 55 kg (120 lb)[1]: 65 
average: 50 kg (110 lb)[1]: 65 
Coat long or short, with soft undercoat
Colour any
Kennel club standards
Armenian Kennel Club standard
Dog (domestic dog)

The Armenian Gampr (Armenian: Գամփռ, romanizedGamp’ṙ) is an Armenian breed of flock guardian dog native to the Armenian Highlands. It falls within the Ovcharka group of livestock guardian dogs, which can be found throughout the Transcaucasus area.[1]: 67  It was recognised in 2011 by the International Kennel Union in Moscow,[1]: 67 [2][3] under the guidance of the Armenian Kennel Club, which had developed the breed standard in the 1990s.[1]: 67 


The Gampr is the traditional flock guardian dog of Armenia. From the 1920s, when Armenia came under the control of the Soviet Union, large numbers of the dogs were taken to Russia, where they played a crucial part in the development of the Caucasian Shepherd Dog, or Caucasian Ovcharka. A few were exported to the United States at about the same time.[1]: 67 

Following the independence of Armenia in 1991, the dog acquired new significance as national heritage. The first breed standard was drawn up in the 1990s, and in 2011 the breed was recognised by the International Kennel Union, an organisation based in Moscow.[1]: 67 [2][3]


The Gampr is a large and powerful dog, weighing some 50 kg and standing at least 60 cm at the withers, with the usual sexual dimorphism – dogs are somewhat larger and heavier than bitches.[1]: 65  The coat may be of any colour; it may be short or long, and always has a soft undercoat.[1]: 65 


The principal traditional use of the Gampr was as a flock guardian dog, protecting flocks of sheep and goats from attack – particularly by wolves – on the upland pastures of mountainous regions of Armenia. Although sheep-herding has declined in the country since independence, wolves continue to threaten flocks; in 2006 some 2000 dogs were still in use for this purpose. They may also be used to guard people and property, another traditional use.[1]: 67 



  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Janet V. Dohner (2016). Farm Dogs: A Comprehensive Breed Guide to 93 Guardians, Herders, Terriers, and Other Canine Working Partners. North Adams, Massachusetts: Storey Publishing. ISBN 9781612125923.
  2. ^ a b Группы собак для проведения выставок IKU (in Russian). International Kennel Union. "Dog groups for IKU shows". Archived May 19, 2011.
  3. ^ a b Признание Армянского Волкодава-ГАМПРА (in Russian). Кинологический, Кинологo-Спортивный Союз Армении. "Recognition of the Armenian wolfhound-Gampr". Archived May 19, 2011.
  4. ^ "1999". Namakanish CJSC. Archived from the original on 13 September 2019.
  5. ^ "Մանկության գաղափարն արդեն իրականություն է. Երևանում տեղադրվեց Լևոն Թոքմաջյանի քանդակած հայկական գամփռի արձանը" (in Armenian). Armenpress. 23 August 2018. Archived from the original on 22 October 2020.