The Russian authorities allowed and encouraged Armenians living in Turkish and Persian territory to migrate into Russian territory – about 49,000 subsequently settled in the Armenian Oblast. Armenian captives who were moved and lived in Iran since 1804 or even as far back as 1795 were permitted to return, which permitted Armenians to regain plurality. These policies contrasted with others imposed by the Russians, such as their attempt to replace the Catholicos at Echmiadzin, the offer to resettle Ganjevi Armenians in Georgia, or the removal of 250 Armenian families from Karabagh by a Russian detachment shortly after the fall of Ganjeh. Muslims, referred to as Tatars, constituted the majority of the oblast's population, while Armenians formed the largest minority. It also had significant Georgian and Kurdish minorities.
In 1840 the Oblast was dissolved and its territory incorporated into a larger new province, the Georgia-Imeretia Governorate ("Gruzia-Imeretia"). This new division did not last long – in 1844 the Caucasus Viceroyalty was re-established, in which the former Armenian Oblast formed part of a subdivision named the Tiflis Governorate. In 1849 the Erivan Governorate was established, separate from the Tiflis Governorate. It included the territory of the former Yerevan and Nakhchivan khanates.
¹ Italics indicates renamed or abolished governorates, oblasts, etc on 1 January 1914.
² An asterisk (*) indicates governorates formed or created with renaming after 1 January 1914.
³ Ostsee or Baltic general-governorship was abolished in 1876.