Armenian education in the Ottoman Empire

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Beginning with the 1863 education has been offered to the whole people, and so far as funds permit is absolutely free for all. All Armenian education is under the direction of lay committees. During this period in Russian Armenia the association of the schools with the Church is rather closer, but the same principle obtains. This became a problem for Russian administration, which was peaked during 1897, Tsar Nicholas appointed the Armenophobic Grigory Sergeyevich Golitsin as governor of Transcaucasia, and Armenian schools, cultural associations, newspapers and libraries were closed.

The Armenian charitable works, hospitals, and provident institutions we were organized along the explained perspective. The Armenians, in addition to paying taxes to the State, have voluntarily imposed extra burdens on themselves in order to support such philanthropic agencies. The taxes to the State did not have direct return to Armenians in such cases.

The education and philanthropic agencies made the Armenians most educated and rich section of the Ottoman population.

There existed over 1,996 Armenian schools with 173,022 pupils; of these 1,251 schools with over 76,548 pupils were on the territories of Western Armenia before World War I.

The following table is the list of Armenian schools in the Ottoman Empire gives the number and statistics of Armenian schools for each geographical district in the Ottoman Empire in 1912.[1]

Geographical district Schools Boys Girls Teachers
Siirt (Sghert) 3 163 84 11
Amasya and Merzifon (Marsofan) 9 1,524 814 54
Şebinkarahisar (Shabin-Karahisar) 27 2,040 105 42
Erzurum (Karin) 27 1,956 1,178 85
Kiğı 27 1,336 367 43
Bayburt (Baberd) 9 645 199 32
Diyarbakır (Amida) 4 690 324 27
Elâzığ (Kharpert) 27 2,058 496 58
Kemaliye (formerly Eğin, Akn) 4 541 215 22
Çemişgezek (Chmshkatsag) 12 456 272 15
Arapgir (Arabkir) 18 713 223 25
Peri (formerly Çarsancak) 12 617 189 18
Şanlıurfa (Edessa) 8 1,091 571 26
Gürün (Kyurin) 12 736 78 20
Darende 2 260 70 5
Divriği (Tevrik) 10 757 100 20
Sivas (Sebastia) 46 4,072 549 73
Bitlis (Baghesh) 12 571 63 20
Erzincan (Yerznka) 22 1,389 475 63
Kemah (Kamakh) 13 646 28 16
Doğubeyazıt (Daroynk) 6 338 54 13
Muş (Mush) 23 1,034 284 35
Van 21 1,323 554 59
Lim and Ktuts Islands 3 203 56 6
Akhtamar Island 32 1,106 132 36
Tercan (Derjan) 12 485 10 12
İspir (Sper) and Yusufeli (Kiskim) 3 80 - 3
Pasinler (Bassen) 7 315 - 7
Hınıs (Khnus) 8 352 15 12
Silvan (Tigranakert) 2 180 - 5
Palu (Balu) 8 505 50 15
Malatya 9 872 230 19
Six vilayets
438
29,054
7,785
897
Antep (Gaziantep) 9 898 708 58
Hatay (Antioch, Antakya) 10 440 47 10
Aleppo (Halep) 2 438 249 18
Saimbeyli (Hadjin) 4 508 69 12
Süleymanlı (Ulnia, Zeytun) 10 605 85 15
Sis and neighbourhood 7 476 165 19
Adana 25 1 1,947 808 69
Kahramanmaraş (Maraş) 23 1,361 378 44
Cilicia
90
6,673
2,509
245
Edirne (Adrianople) 6 314 251 22
Tekirdağ (Rodosto) 9 1,017 856 48
İzmit (Nicomedia) 38 5,404 3,103 212
Bilecik 10 1,120 143 21
Kütahya 5 825 349 23
İzmir (Smyrna) 27 1,640 1,295 109
Ankara (Angora) 7 895 395 29
Kayseri (Kesaria) 42 3,795 1,140 125
Samsun (Amisos) 27 1,361 344 59
Trabzon (Trapizon) 47 2,184 718 85
Baghdad 2 68 46 11
Yozgat (Bozok) 12 1,197 557 43
Bursa (Brusa) 16 1,345 733 54
Balıkesir and Bandırma 8 700 634 35
Tokat 11 1,408 558 50
Kastamonu 3 110 50 2
Konya 3 213 137 12
Akmeşe (Armasha) 2 190 110 6
The Rest of Empire
275
27,786
11,419
946
TOTAL 803 59,513 21,713 2,088

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Viscount Bryce, James (1916). The Treatment of Armenians in the Ottoman Empire 1915-1916. T. Fisher Unwin Ltd. ISBN 0-9535191-5-5.