Armenian whiskered bat
|Armenian whiskered bat|
The Armenian whiskered bat (Myotis hajastanicus), also known as the Hajastan myotis or the Armenian myotis, is a species of bat from the family Vespertilionidae. The Armenian whiskered bat was formerly included as a part of the whiskered bat, but was considered distinct in 2000 as a result of morphologic comparison.
Taxonomy and etymology
It was described as a new subspecies of the whiskered bat in 1939. In 2000, Benda and Tsytsulina published that it should be considered a full species based on its physical characteristics. In 2016, Dietz et al. argued that the Armenian whiskered bat was not morphologically or genetically distinct enough to be considered a full species; instead, they argued that it is synonymous with Myotis aurascens (which is itself sometimes considered synonymous with Myotis davidii). However, as of 2018 the Integrated Taxonomic Information System still considers the Armenian whiskered bat as a full species. Its species name "hajastanicus" means "of Hayastan," which is an alternate name for Armenia.
There were no records of the Armenian whiskered bat from the 1980s until 2013 and the species has only ever been located in the Sevan Lake basin in Armenia. In 2013, 11 pregnant Armenian whiskered bats were captured near Lake Sevan. Before the 2013 documentation, it was considered possibly extinct. Due to its imperiled status, it is identified by the Alliance for Zero Extinction as a species in danger of imminent extinction.
- Tsytsulina, K.; Benda, P.; Aulagnier, S. & Hutson, A.M. (2008). "Myotis hajastanicus". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2008: e.T136288A4269513. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T136288A4269513.en. Retrieved 26 December 2017.
- Simmons, N.B. (2005). "Order Chiroptera". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 508. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
- Argyropulo, A. I. (1939). "Über einige Säugetiere Armeniens". Zool. Pap. Biol. Inst. Acad. Sci. Arm SSR (Jerevan). 1: 27–66.
- Benda, P.; Tsytsulina, K.A. (2000). "Taxonomic revision of Myotis mystacinus group (Mammalia: Chiroptera)" (PDF). Acta Soc. Zool. Bohem. 64: 364–367.
- Dietz, Christian; Gazaryan, Astghik; Papov, George; Dundarova, Heliana; Mayer, Frieder (2016). "Myotis hajastanicus is a local vicariant of a widespread species rather than a critically endangered endemic of the Sevan lake basin (Armenia)". Mammalian Biology - Zeitschrift für Säugetierkunde. 81 (5): 518. doi:10.1016/j.mambio.2016.06.005.
- "Myotis hajastanicus Argyropulo, 1939". ITIS.gov. U. S. Federal Government. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
- Lina, P. (2016). Common Names of European Bats (PDF). EUROBATS. p. 11. ISBN 978-92-95058-37-8.
- "A Five-Year Plan for Global Bat Conservation" (PDF). batcon.org. Bat Conservation International. October 2013. Retrieved May 1, 2017.