Armond J. Berthelot

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Armond/Armand Jean Berthelot
Born (1894-07-11)July 11, 1894
Saint Marc
Died September 19, 1961(1961-09-19) (aged 67)
Allegiance  France
Service/branch Cavalry; aviation
Years of service 1912 –
Rank Adjutant
Unit Escadrille 15
Battles/wars World War I
Awards Légion d'honneur, Médaille militaire, Croix de guerre

Adjutant Armond/Armand Jean Berthelot was a French World War I flying ace credited with eleven confirmed aerial victories. He was a scourge to enemy aerial observers.

On 8 October 1912, Berthelot enlisted in the French military for three years. He first served in the 3eme Dragons. He was promoted to enlisted Brigadier on 3 August 1913, and once more, to Maréchal-des-logis on 2 April 1915. On 5 November 1916, he entered pilot training; he earned Pilot's Brevet No. 5703, which was awarded him on 18 March 1917. He was also awarded metallic pilot badge number B 12324. His first aerial assignment, on 22 May 1917, was to Escadrille 365 in defense of Paris. Two months later, on 27 July, Berthelot was reassigned to Escadrille N15 ('N' denoting the unit's use of Nieuports).[1]

On 24 March 1918, he destroyed a German observation balloon. On 12 April, he was again a balloon buster, ruining one over Mézières. Upgraded to a Spad, he started downing enemy observation planes: three in May, including a shared win with Bernard Artigau; another on 6 June. Exactly a month later, he was awarded the Médaille militaire; a prerequisite of the award was the Croix de guerre, which he held with ten palmes and an etoile de bronze. On 14 August, he picked up his winning skein, shooting down a Rumpler observation plane. Berthelot scored twice in September, then doubled on 9 October to finish the war with eleven victories.[2]

On 25 April 1919, Armand Jean Berthelot was appointed a Chevalier in the Légion d'honneur.[3]

References[edit]

  • Over the Front: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the United States and French Air Services, 1914-1918 Norman L. R. Franks, Frank W. Bailey. Grub Street, 1992. ISBN 0-948817-54-2, ISBN 978-0-948817-54-0.

Endnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Over the Front: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the United States and French Air Services, 1914–1918. p. 119. 
  2. ^ http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/france/berthelot.php Retrieved on 3 September 2010.
  3. ^ http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/france/berthelot.php Retrieved on 3 September 2010.