Armorial of the House of Lusignan

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The coats of arms, flags, and badges of the House of Lusignan, royal family in the Levant during the Crusades.

First House of Lusignan[edit]

Including attributed arms.

French Nobility[edit]

Blazon Period Description
Blason Lusignan.svg
885–1192 Lords of Lusignan

Barry of ten argent and azure

Motto: Pour loyauté maintenir "To maintain loyalty" [1]

Blason ville fr Lusignan (Vienne).svg
1192–1393 Lords of Lusignan, Counts of La Marche, and Angoulême

Barry silver and azure eight rooms, a lion gules armed langued and crowned with gold stitching on the whole.

Blason Hugues X de Lusignan.svg
1221–1250 Personal Arms of Hugh X[2]

Barry silver and azure, charged with six cubs reds brochants, posed three, two and one.

Blason Hugh XII of Lusignan.gif
1250–1270 Personal Arms of Hugh XII

Barry silver and azure, charged with six cubs gold brochants, posed three, two and one.

Armoiries Geoffroy III de Lusignan (brisées-1246).svg
Armoiries Geoffroy III de Lusignan.svg
?-1274 Personal Arms of Geoffroy III (c. 1223/24-b. 1274), lord of Jarnac, Château-Larcher and Châteauneuf

1. Barry silver and azure, charged with a lion rampant-brochant gules, debruised by a four-point label gules (according to his 1246 seal).

2. Barry silver and azure, charged with a lion rampant-brochant gules (according to his 1248 and 1269 seals).

Cognac[edit]

Blazon Period Description
Blason Lusignan Cognac.svg
12th-13th Century Lords of Cognac

Barry silver and azure eight parts, the label Gules.

Lezay[edit]

Blazon Period Description
Blason ville fr Lezay 79 bis.svg
12th-13th Century Lords of Lezay

Barry silver and azure, nine martlets in orle gules surmounted to fair canton gules .

Vouvant[edit]

Blazon Period Description
Armoiries Geoffroy de Lusignan et blason Châteauneuf-sur-Charente.svg
12th-13th Century Geoffroy I and II of Lusignan, lords of Vouvant and Mervent

Barry of ten argent and azure a lion counter-rampant gules.

Motto: QVI PLVS MORTIS CONPTEMTOR QVAM LEO FORTIS "Who fears death less than lion's strength."[3]

Issoudun[edit]

Blazon Period Description
Blason Comtes d'Eu-Seigneurs d'Issoudun.svg
13th Century Counts of Eu and Lords of Issoudun

Raoul Ier, first lord of Issoudun and count of Eu, was the younger brother of Hugh IX of Lusignan. Barry of ten argent and azure a label of three points gules

Rochefoucauld[edit]

Blazon Period Description
Blason La Rochefoucauld.svg
10th-12th Century Lords of Rochefoucauld

Barry of ten argent and azure three chevrons that in chief couped gules

Motto: C'est mon plaisir "It was my pleasure"[4][5]

Parthenay[edit]

Blazon Period Description
Blason Parthenay.svg
11th-15th Century Lords of Parthenay and Retz

Barry of ten argent and azure a bend gules

English Nobility[edit]

Valence[edit]

Blazon Period Description
Blason Guillaume de Valence.svg
1225–1247 Guillaume de Lusignan

Personal arms of Guillaume de Lusignan, uterine half brother of King Henry III

Barry of ten argent and azure a label of five points gules on each point three lions. Supported with a wyvern on each side.[6]

Blason Guillaume de Valence (William of Pembroke).svg
1247–1324 Lords of Valencia, Earls of Pembroke and Wexford

Guillaume de Lusignan, known as William de Valence, moved with his brothers and sister to England the request of their half brother King Henry III. Henry made William the Earl of Pembroke.

Barry of ten Argent and Azure an orle of martlets Gules

Hastings[edit]

Blazon Period Description
Coat of Arms - Hastings, Earls of Pembroke, and Barons Hastings.png
1313–1389 Earls of Pembroke

Quarterly, 1 and 4, or, a maunch gules (for Hastings); 2 and 3, barruly argent and azure, an orle of martlets (for Valence)

Jerusalem Royal Family[edit]

Blazon Period Description
Arms of the Kingdom of Jerusalem.svgArmoiries Guy de Lusignan.svg 1159–1268 Kings of Jerusalem

Personal arms of Guy de Lusignan, then used as the arms of the Lusignan Kings of Jerusalem after his death until 1268.[7]

Quarterly, 1 and 4 in blue with the silver cross and 2 and 3 barry silver and azure eight rooms, a lion rampant, armed, langued and crowned with gold stitching on the whole.

Blason Hugues de Lusignan, Prince de Galilée (selon Gelre).svg
1335–1385 Prince of Galilee

Quarterly, 1 and 4 in silver, a cross of gold, between four crosses of the same and 2 and 3 barry silver and azure eight rooms, a lion gules armed langued and crowned with gold stitching on the whole.

Royal Family of Jerusalem and Cyprus[edit]

Blazon Period Description
Armoiries Chypre.svg
1194–1268 Kings of Cyprus

The kingdoms of Jerusalem and Cyrpus split following the death of Guy until they were reunited in 1268 by King Hugh III of Cyprus.

silver lion rampant armed and langued and crowned with gold

Armoiries Chypre Jérusalem.svg
1268–1393 Kings of Cyprus and Jerusalem

Quarterly, 1 and 4 in silver, a cross of gold, between four crosses of the same and 2 and 3 barry silver and azure eight rooms, a lion gules armed langued and crowned with gold stitching on the whole.

Arms of Marie of Lusignan, Queen of Aragon.svg
1314–1319 Queen of Aragon

Second House of Lusignan[edit]

Royal Family of Jerusalem, Cyprus, and Armenia[edit]

Blazon Period Description
Armoiries Arménie-Lusignan.svg
1342–1382 Kings of Armenia

Advantage of both, 1 gold lion rampant, armed, langued and crowned azure, 2 silver, a cross of gold, between four crosses of the same and 3 barry money and azure eight rooms, a lion rampant, armed, langued and crowned with gold stitching on the whole.

Motto: Pour loyauté maintenir "To maintain loyalty" [8]

Armoiries Chypre 1393.svg
1393– Kings of Armenia, Cyprus, and Jerusalem.

Quartered, 1 in silver, a cross of gold, between four crosses of the same, 2 barry silver and azure eight rooms, a lion rampant, armed, langued and crowned with gold , stitching on the whole, 3 gold lion rampant, armed, langued and crowned azure and 4 silver lion rampant, armed, langued and crowned with gold.

Motto: Pour loyauté maintenir "To maintain loyalty"

Flags[edit]

Flag Period Description
13th Century Lusignan Flag Kyrenia Cyprus.gif
12th-14th Centuries Flag of Lusignan Kings of Cyprus[9][10]

Flag from Kyrenia Castle. The fleur-de-lis symbolised the Lusignan's French ancestry and the cross symbolized Jerusalem and the Holy Sepulchre.

Flag Period Description
14th Century Armenian Dynasty Lusignan Flag.png
14th Century Flag of Lusignan Kings of Armenia

Symbols[edit]

Roses, lions, dragons and mermaids were Lusignan symbols and heraldic elements.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Son Altesse royale Marie de Lusignan, princesse de Chypre, de Jérusalem et d'Arménie. Notes biographiques". 1888.
  2. ^ Seal of Hugues X de Lusignan dated 1224. Sceau équestre: le comte à cheval, en costume de chasse, le cor au cou et tenant à la main un petit chien posé sur la croupe du cheval. Legend: * SIGILL’ : HVGONIS : DE : LEZINIACO : COMITIS : ENGOLISME; Revers. Écu burelé. Le champ à arabesques. Legend: + SIGILL’ " HVGONIS : DE : LEZINIACO : COMITIS : MARCHIE.). Douet d’Arcq, Collection de Sceaux des Archives de l’Empire 1, 1 (1863), 397–398.
  3. ^ http://jm.ouvrard.pagesperso-orange.fr/armor/fami/l/lusign.htm
  4. ^ http://jm.ouvrard.pagesperso-orange.fr/armor/fami/l/la%20rochefoucauld.htm
  5. ^ * Courcy, Pol Poitier de (1862). In Nobiliaire et armorial de Bretagne, Volume 2. Forest, Grimaud, Aubry. p. 346. Google Book Search. Retrieved on November 12, 2014.
  6. ^ * Richardson, Douglas (2011). Kimball G. Everingham. In Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study In Colonial And Medieval Families, 2nd Edition. CreateSpace. p. 679. ISBN 1449966314. Google Book Search. Retrieved on November 12, 2014.
  7. ^ http://jm.ouvrard.pagesperso-orange.fr/armor/fami/l/lusign.htm
  8. ^ Latrie, Louis Mas (1852). "Histoire de l'île de Chypre sous le règne des princes de la maison de Lusignan".
  9. ^ Piperno, Roberto. "Caterina's Bequest - Cirenes (Kyrenia)." Caterina's Bequest - Cirenes (Kyrenia). N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Nov. 2014.
  10. ^ Fuller, Michael, PhD, and Neathery Fuller. "Kyrena." Turkish Cyprus. St. Louis Community College, Mar. 2004. Web. 26 Nov. 2014.
  11. ^ Coureas, Nicholas, P. W. Edbury, and Michael J. K. Walsh. Medieval and Renaissance Famagusta: Studies in Architecture, Art and History. p. 94. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Web.