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Armoured reconnaissance is the combination of terrestrial reconnaissance with armoured warfare by soldiers using tanks or specially built tracked armoured reconnaissance vehicles. While the mission of reconnaissance is to gather intelligence about the enemy with the use of reconnaissance vehicles, armoured reconnaissance adds the ability to fight for information, and to have an effect on and to shape the enemy through the performance of traditional armoured tasks.
Armoured reconnaissance units
In the Australian Army the main reconnaissance vehicle is the ASLAV armoured scout car, which is the Australian version of the LAV 25. The Army Reserve regiments use the Light Cavalry Patrol Vehicle, aka the Regional Force Surveillance Vehicle, which is a variant of the Land Rover Perentie.
Armoured reconnaissance regiments in the Australian Army
- 1st/15th Royal New South Wales Lancers
- 3rd/9th South Australia Mounted Rifles
- 4th/19th Prince of Wales's Light Horse
- 10th Light Horse Regiment
The Belgian Army has two armoured reconnaissance regiments
The Kenya Defense Forces have one armoured reconnaissance battalion.
In the Canadian Army, formation armoured reconnaissance regiments are equipped with tanks and gather and fight for information, as well as performing more traditional armour tasks such as seizing, penetrating, and exploiting. There has not been a formation armoured reconnaissance regiment in Canada since 1988. While there are no armoured reconnaissance regiments in the Regular Force in the present day, each Regular Force armoured regiment does provide a formation armoured reconnaissance squadron equipped with armoured cars to each mechanised brigade. The Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians) is a tank-heavy regiment with two squadrons of tanks and one squadron of armoured cars, while both the Royal Canadian Dragoons and the 12e Régiment blindé du Canada are armoured car-heavy regiments, with three armoured car squadrons each and one shared tank squadron.
Although the Reserve Force regiments continue to be known as armoured reconnaissance regiments, since the loss of the medium tank from their organisation, they have in reality only been employed in the light reconnaissance (scout) role.
Armoured reconnaissance regiments in the Reserve Force.
- The Governor General's Horse Guards
- The Halifax Rifles (RCAC)
- 8th Canadian Hussars (Princess Louise's)
- The Ontario Regiment (RCAC)
- The Queen's York Rangers (1st American Regiment) (RCAC)
- Sherbrooke Hussars
- 12e Régiment blindé du Canada (Milice)
- 1st Hussars
- The Prince Edward Island Regiment (RCAC)
- The Royal Canadian Hussars (Montreal)
- The British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught's Own)
- The South Alberta Light Horse
- The Saskatchewan Dragoons
- The King's Own Calgary Regiment (RCAC)
- The British Columbia Dragoons
- The Fort Garry Horse
- Le Régiment de Hull (RCAC)
- The Windsor Regiment (RCAC)
There is only one armoured recce battalion in the Danish army.
- 5th Battalion,(V/JDR) disband in 2005 (Jutlands Dragoons) Jydske Dragonregiment
- Recce-Squadron (six M/41DK1 Walker-bulldog), disband in 2000 (Bornholm Guards) Bornholms Værn. On the island of Bornholm
In 2005 the reconnaissance units of the German Army were restructured. The former Panzeraufklärungstruppe ("armored reconnaissance corps"), Fernspähtruppe ("long range reconnaissance corps"), Feldnachrichtentruppe and UAV units of the Artillerietruppe ("artillery corps") haven been combined to the new Heeresaufklärungstruppe ("army reconnaissance corps").
Now the German Army is operating five reconnaissance battalions and five independent companies:
- Armoured Reconnaissance
- Aufklärungslehrkompanie 90, Munster
- Aufklärungskompanie 210, Augustdorf
- Long Range Reconnaissance
- Fernspählehrkompanie 200, Pfullendorf
- Airborne Reconnaissance
- Luftlandeaufklärungskompanie 260, Zweibrücken
- Luftlandeaufklärungskompanie 310, Seedorf
- Aufklärungslehrbataillon 3, Lüneburg
- Aufklärungsbataillon 6, Eutin
- Aufklärungsbataillon 8, Freyung
- Aufklärungsbataillon 13, Gotha
- Gebirgsaufklärungsbataillon 230, Füssen
- Aufklärungsbataillon 910, Gotha
- Aufklärungsbataillon 911, Füssen
- Aufklärungsbataillon 912, Lüneburg
Every Battalion (except the Aufklärungslehrbataillon 3) is structured in four companies:
1. HQ & Support Company
- The first company provides the battalion with communication, maintenance and transport.
2. Armoured Reconnaissance Company
- The armoured reconnaissance company operates all Fennek vehicle of the battalion. They are organized in six platoons of each four vehicle. Two Fennek form a scout squad (Spähtrupp).
3. Light Reconnaissance Company
- The light reconnaissance company includes three HUMINT platoons (Feldnachrichtenzüge) and one scout platoon equipped with six Dingo.
4. UAV Company
- The fourth company operates the two UAV platoons with LunaX and KZO. There is also a radar platoon, equipped with eight Dingo and the new radar system BÜR.
The Dutch Army has one regiment, the Regiment Huzaren van Boreel which was named after Willem Francois Boreel. The Regiment consists of 4 squadrons: 2 squadrons belong to the ISTAR battalion and the other 2 each belonging to 1 of the 2 Netherlands Mechanised Brigades. The difference in organisation between the ISTAR squadrons and the brigade squadrons is that the ISTAR squadrons each have a Tactical Air Control Party for Close Air Support and the 2 brigade squadrons each have an FST section. All squadrons are trained to operate completely independently. They have their own logistical support and all patrols have communication specialists and special forces medics for emergencies. The training and operation procedures of all squadrons are very similar although the ISTAR squadrons focus more on missions not from brigade but from national command. All squadrons have been on combat operations in the south of Afghanistan.
The New Zealand Army only has one squadron that performs armoured reconnaissance. This is also the only reserve armoured squadron.
The Norwegian Army has two armoured reconnaissance squadrons.
- Tropp 2/ Pansret Oppklarning part of the Cavalry Squadron in the Telemark Battalion
- Tropp 2/ Pansert Oppklarning part of the Cavalry Squadron in the Panser Battalion
- 1st Reconnaissance Regiment SLAC
- 3rd Reconnaissance Regiment SLAC
- 5th Reconnaissance Regiment SLAC
- 6th Reconnaissance Regiment SLAC
- 8th Reconnaissance Regiment SLAC
There is only one armoured recce regiment in the South African Army, and it is designated an armoured car reconnaissance regiment.
In the British Army armoured reconnaissance units carry out "formation reconnaissance" for higher level formations. In the British Army these Formation reconnaissance regiments are usually providing reconnaissance for a division or a heavy brigade. In a large-scale defensive operation, they would delay attacking forces, whilst screening heavier units as they moved to engage the enemy. The regiments are, currently, almost entirely equipped with vehicles of the Combat Vehicle Reconnaissance (Tracked) - CVR(T) - family. Some of the armoured regiments of the British Army are known as formation reconnaissance instead of armoured.
Formation reconnaissance regiments in the British Army
- Household Cavalry Regiment
- Royal Armoured Corps
- Territorial Army
Each brigade combat team (BCT) (there are multiple combat support and combat service support brigades that may or may not have such assets) in the Army has an organic reconnaissance squadron assigned to it. Each heavy brigade combat team has an armed reconnaissance squadron consisting of three reconnaissance troops and an unmanned aerial vehicle troop. The reconnaissance troops have two reconnaissance platoons with five M1114 HMMWVs and three M3 Cavalry Fighting Vehicles (a variant of the M2 Bradley Fighting Vehicle). Stryker BCTs include a Stryker-vehicle-based reconnaissance squadron. There are more than 30 cavalry reconnaissance squadrons in the US Army. incomplete list:
- 1st Light Armored Reconnaissance Battalion – 1st Marine Division
- 2nd Light Armored Reconnaissance Battalion – 2nd Marine Division
- 3rd Light Armored Reconnaissance Battalion – 1st Marine Division
- 4th Light Armored Reconnaissance Battalion – 4th Marine Division (reservist)
Notes and references
- Reconnaissance army.mod.uk