Arms (Prohibited Firearms, Magazines, and Parts) Amendment Act 2019

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Arms (Prohibited Firearms, Magazines, and Parts) Amendment Act 2019
Coat of arms of New Zealand.svg
New Zealand Parliament
This bill amends the Arms Act 1983, with the aim of tightening gun control in New Zealand. This bill seeks to remove semi-automatic firearms from circulation and use by the general population in New Zealand by prohibiting semi-automatic firearms, magazines, and parts that can be used to assemble prohibited firearms.[1]
Royal assent11 April 2019[1]
Legislative history
Introduced byStuart Nash[1]
First reading2 April 2019[1]
Second reading9 April 2019[1]
Third reading10 April 2019[1]
Status: Current legislation

The Arms (Prohibited Firearms, Magazines, and Parts) Amendment Act 2019 is a New Zealand bill that amends the Arms Act 1983 to ban semi-automatic firearms, magazines, and parts that can be used to assemble prohibited firearms. It was introduced by Labour cabinet minister and Member of Parliament Stuart Nash in response to the Christchurch mosque shootings. The Bill passed its third and final reading on 10 April 2019, receiving royal assent the following day.[1] The Arms Amendment Bill was supported by all parties represented in parliament except the opposition ACT Party.[2][3]

Legislation features[edit]

Key aims[edit]

The Arms (Prohibited Firearms, Magazines, and Parts) Amendment Act 2019 seeks to remove semi-automatic firearms from public circulation by banning semi-automatic firearms, magazines, and parts that can be used to assemble prohibited firearms. This Act will extend the ban on Military Style Semi-Automatics (MSSAs) to include most semi-automatic firearms and some shotguns. Some small-calibre rimfire semi-automatic firearms and lesser-capacity shotguns are excluded from the prohibition. These excluded firearms have a limited magazine capacity and are commonly used for farming, hunting, and recreational purposes.[4]

Proscribed items[edit]

Firearms prohibited under the Arms Amendment Act include:

  • a semi-automatic firearm (other than a pistol), with some exceptions;
  • pump-action shotgun that is capable of being used with a detachable magazine;
  • a pump-action shotgun that has a non-detachable tubular magazine or magazines that can hold more than 5 cartridges or magazines
  • magazines for shotguns that can hold more than 5 cartridges;
  • magazines for any other firearm that are detachable and can hold—
    • 0.22 calibre or less rimfire cartridges and more than 10 of those cartridges; or
    • more than 10 cartridges and can be used with a semi-automatic or fully automatic firearm;
  • any other magazine that can hold more than 10 cartridges;
  • a part of a prohibited firearm, including a component, that can be applied to enable, or take significant steps towards enabling, a firearm to be fired with, or near, a semi-automatic action.[4]

Other provisions[edit]

The Act provides exemptions to import, sell, supply, and possess semi-automatic firearms for licensed dealers, employees of the Department of Conservation, people engaged in pest control, bona fide firearms collectors, directors or curators of bona fide museums, approved broadcasters, and bona fide theatre companies or societies, or film or television production companies. The Act offers an amnesty for prohibited firearms, magazines, and parts to be surrendered to licensed dealers and the New Zealand Police by 30 September 2019[4], later extended to 20 December 2019.[5] The Act also introduces several new offenses and penalties ranging from two to ten years for various offenses including unlawful possession of prohibited firearms, magazines, and parts; importing prohibited items without a permit; carrying a prohibited item with criminal intent; and knowingly supplying or selling prohibited weapons and parts.[4]

On 20 June, Finance Minister Robertson and Police Minister Nash launched the Government's six-month firearms buy-back amnesty, which would run until 20 December. The Government allocated NZ$200 million to the firearms buy-back scheme. Licensed firearms owners will be eligible for the scheme. There are four collection options for the government's buy-back scheme: large-scale events at centralised community locations; handing over items at approved gun dealers; bulk pickups by Police; and at Police stations.[5][6] The New Zealand Police has organized a series of nationwide local collection events for gun owners to hand in prohibited firearms.[7] By 22 July, over 2,000 guns had been handed in at buyback events in Auckland and Wellington over the past weekend.[8]

History[edit]

Background[edit]

Following the Christchurch mosque shootings on 15 March 2019, Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern announced that the government would be changing New Zealand's gun laws.[9][10] Attorney-General David Parker was later quoted as saying that the government would ban semi-automatic guns,[11] but subsequently backtracked, saying that the government had not yet committed to anything and that regulations around semi-automatic weapons was "one of the issues" the government would consider.[12] On 20 March 2019, Ardern announced that the government would ban all semi-automatic firearms and assault rifles and would also be introducing a buy-back scheme to remove all prohibited firearms from circulation.[13][14][15] On 21 March, as an interim step, the government reclassified most semi-automatic firearms as "military style semi-automatic firearms" for the purpose of the Arms Act 1983, pursuant to section 74A(c) of the statute.[16]

First reading[edit]

On 1 April 2019, the Minister of Revenue and Minister of Police Stuart Nash introduced the Arms Amendment Bill into parliament. It passed its first reading the following day and was referred to the Finance and Expenditure select committee.[1] The proposed bill was supported by all parties except the opposition ACT Party. However, ACT's sole MP David Seymour was unable to vote since he had been talking to the media.[2][3]

Select committee stage[edit]

On 3 April, the government also announced that it would be holding submissions on the Arms Amendment Bill until 6pm on 4 April 2019.[17] Gun owners including the Council of Licenced Firearms Owners chairman Paul Clark, Guns NZ chief executive Jim Yates, and Deerstalkers Association spokesperson Bill O'Leary criticised the short submission time frame on the proposed law change. By the evening of 3 April, MPs had received thousands of submissions relating to the gun law.[18][19][20]

On 8 April, the Finance and Expenditure Select Committee recommended some minor changes to the Arms Amendment Bill including allowing pest controllers to use semi-automatic arms on private lands and allowing people to keep heirloom weapons. However, the committee rejected calls to exempt competitive shooters from the ban because that would allow more semi-automatic firearms to remain in circulation. In total, the committee received 13,062 submissions and 22 oral submissions: 60% supported the bill, 26% opposed the bill, while 14% expressed another opinion. The Act Party and New Zealand Law Society have both criticized the rapid passage of the legislation.[21][22][23]

Second and third readings[edit]

On 9 April, the Gun Amendment Bill passed its second reading. The following day, the bill passed its third reading.[1] The bill was supported by all parliamentary parties except the ACT Party's sole MP Seymour. Opposition National MP Judith Collins reiterated the National Party's support for the bill despite the party's failure to secure Firearms Prohibition Orders and an exemption in the bill for competitive shooting.[24][25][26]

In addition, the government announced a buyback scheme for prohibited firearms. Independent advisers will come up with a price list for the buyback scheme while a separate expert panel will determine fair compensation for high value firearms. Police Minister Stuart Nash has indicated that the buyback scheme could cost NZ$1 billion. The government included an out clause that it will not be compensating people who had obtained their arms illegally, but clarified that they would still be covered by the amnesty timeframe. ACT MP Seymour has called on the government to compensate gang members in order to convince them to surrender their arms. Nash announced that the Cabinet would consider the scheme's regulations and extending the amnesty by a month.[27][28][29]

On Thursday, 11 April 2019, the Governor-General of New Zealand, Patsy Reddy, signed the bill, officially enacting it into law, going into effect on 12 April 2019.[30]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Arms (Prohibited Firearms, Magazines, and Parts) Amendment Bill". New Zealand Parliament. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  2. ^ a b Devin, Collette (2 April 2019). "First new gun law since the Christchurch mosque attacks passes first reading". Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  3. ^ a b Whyte, Anna (2 April 2019). "Arms Amendment Bill passes first reading in Parliament". 1 News. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d "Arms (Prohibited Firearms, Magazines, and Parts) Amendment Bill". New Zealand Legislation. Parliamentary Counsel Office. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  5. ^ a b Roberston, Grant; Nash, Stuart (20 June 2019). "Firearms buy-back scheme strikes fair balance". Beehive.govt.nz. New Zealand Government. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  6. ^ Cheng, Derek (20 June 2019). "Gun buyback scheme covers hundreds of firearms and parts, but excludes business losses". New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  7. ^ "Local Collection Events - Amnesty and Buy-back". New Zealand Police. Archived from the original on 23 July 2019. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
  8. ^ Chen, Liu (22 July 2019). "Over 2000 guns handed in at buyback events this weekend". Radio New Zealand. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
  9. ^ O' Connell, Tim; Owen, Catrin; Cooke, Henry (17 March 2019). "Prime Minister says NZ gun laws will change in wake of Christchurch terror attack". Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 20 March 2019.
  10. ^ Hemi, Tema (18 March 2019). "PM Jacinda Ardern announces reforms on NZ gun laws". Māori Television. Retrieved 20 March 2019.
  11. ^ Walls, Jason (16 March 2019). "Christchurch mosque shootings: New Zealand to ban semi-automatic weapons". The New Zealand Herald.
  12. ^ "Attorney-General David Parker back-tracks on comments about gun control". Radio New Zealand. 16 March 2019. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  13. ^ "PM Jacinda Ardern says New Zealand will ban all military-style semi-automatic weapons and all assault rifles". Radio New Zealand. 21 March 2019. Archived from the original on 21 March 2019. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  14. ^ Ardern, Jacinda; Nash, Stuart. "New Zealand bans military style semi-automatics and assault rifles". Beehive.govt.nz. New Zealand Government. Archived from the original on 21 March 2019. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  15. ^ Lyons, Kate (21 March 2019). "New Zealand Live Update Gun Laws". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 21 March 2019. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  16. ^ "Arms (Military Style Semi-automatic Firearms) Order 2019" (PDF). Legislation.govt.nz. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  17. ^ "Changing New Zealand's gun laws: expanding the types of firearms that are banned, and an amnesty on surrendering guns to Police". New Zealand Parliament. 2 April 2019. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  18. ^ Gerritsen, John (3 April 2019). "Gun owners shocked at short submission time on firearms law change". Radio New Zealand. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  19. ^ McCulloch, Craig; Hutton, Catherine (3 April 2019). "Gun law changes: Thousands of submissions received". Radio New Zealand. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  20. ^ "Gun owners appalled over short submission time on firearms law change". 1 News. 3 April 2019. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  21. ^ "Firearms amendment: Select Committee makes few changes". Radio New Zealand. 8 April 2019. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
  22. ^ "Select committee recommends Arms Amendment Bill to pass, with extra exemptions". The New Zealand Herald. 8 April 2019. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
  23. ^ Devin, Collette (8 April 2019). "About 60 per cent of submitters support new gun law". Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
  24. ^ "Firearms Amendment Bill passes final reading in Parliament". Radio New Zealand. 10 April 2019. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
  25. ^ "Bill banning military style semi-automatic weapons passes final reading". Newstalk ZB. 10 April 2019. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
  26. ^ "Gun bill to become law". Otago Daily Times. 10 April 2019. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
  27. ^ Patterson, Jane (10 April 2019). "First details about gun buyback scheme released". Radio New Zealand. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
  28. ^ Devlin, Collette (10 April 2019). "Gun buyback framework established as first step towards determining compensation". Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
  29. ^ Lynch, Jenna (10 April 2019). "Government's firearm buyback scheme gets bigger, more expensive, as new details revealed". Newshub. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
  30. ^ Devlin, Collette (11 April 2019). "Governor-General Dame Patsy Reddy officially signs gun ban into law". Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 11 April 2019.