Arms industry in Romania

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PSL sniper rifle
Small arms made by UM Cugir
B-33 Zimbru APC (licensed built BTR-80)
IAR 99 Şoim jet trainer and light attack aircraft
IAR 330 Puma Naval

Before 1989, Romania was among the top ten arms exporters in the world, however its arms industry declined considerably during the 1990s. Exports fell from roughly $1 billion before 1989 to about $43 million in 2006,[1] and the number of employees also fell from 220,000 in 1990 to 20,000 in 2009.[2] Sales to the Romanian Armed Forces have plunged after Romania's accession to NATO in 2004, as factories continue to produce Warsaw Pact-caliber weapons and ammunition, which are incompatible with their Western counterparts. There have also been criticisms related to the quality of Romania's military products, due to the obsolescence of factory equipment and production methods. The Cugir weapons plant, for example, still uses some machinery dated from 1890.[3]

As of 2009, sales are roughly evenly divided between the Romanian state and foreign customers such as European Union and Arab countries such as Egypt, Algeria and Iraq.[4] Other countries which have shown interest in Romanian equipment include Afghanistan, Israel, Switzerland, the United States, the United Arab Emirates, India, Georgia and a slew of African countries.[5] There have been some signs of slight recovery, with exports reaching €141 million in 2009. However, the arms industry in Romania still lags behind neighboring countries such as Ukraine,[6] Bulgaria[7] and Serbia.[8]

In recent years, the Romanian government has called, unsuccessfully, for the lifting of the European Union arms embargo on the People's Republic of China.

Manufacturers[edit]

Weapons and equipment[edit]

Small arms[edit]

AFVs[edit]

Artillery[edit]

Aircraft[edit]

Weapons produced during World War II and the Interwar period[edit]

75 mm Reșița anti-tank gun
TACAM R-2 tank destroyer
IAR-80 fighter aircraft
Amiral Murgescu minelayer

Small arms[edit]

Artillery[edit]

AFVs[edit]

Aircraft[edit]

  • IAR 80 fighter (346 built)
  • IAR 37 reconnaissance and light bomber (380 built)
  • IAR 27 trainer (over 200 built)
  • IAR 79 bomber (72 built)
  • SET 7 trainer and reconnaissance (123 built)

Warships[edit]

Weapons produced during World War I and prior[edit]

250 mm Negrei mortar

Artillery[edit]

Aircraft[edit]

Warships[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.businessmagazin.ro/actualitate/investitii-in-transeele-industriei-de-armament-979654
  2. ^ http://www.money.ro/intern-1/firmele-romanesti-de-armament-vor-ca-romania-sa-urgenteze-semnarea-codurilor-de-conduita-ale-eda.html[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ http://www.evenimentul.ro/articol/industria-romaneasca-de-armament-a-intrat-in-colaps.html
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-11-13. Retrieved 2009-11-30. 
  5. ^ http://stiri.rol.ro/content/view/478645/5/
  6. ^ Tsukanova, Anya (October 7, 2008). "Pirates shine spotlight on Ukraine arms-trafficking". Manila Times. Archived from the original on 11 December 2008. Retrieved 30 December 2008. 
  7. ^ Bulgaria's Arms Export Totals US$250 Million Annually
  8. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-11-22. Retrieved 2009-11-30. 
  9. ^ Third Axis. Fourth Ally. Romanian Armed Forces in the European War, 1941-1945, p. 29
  10. ^ Third Axis. Fourth Ally. Romanian Armed Forces in the European War, 1941-1945, pp. 30 and 75
  11. ^ Third Axis. Fourth Ally. Romanian Armed Forces in the European War, 1941-1945, p. 29
  12. ^ Third Axis. Fourth Ally. Romanian Armed Forces in the European War, 1941-1945, p. 75
  13. ^ Third Axis. Fourth Ally. Romanian Armed Forces in the European War, 1941-1945, p. 75
  14. ^ Third Axis. Fourth Ally. Romanian Armed Forces in the European War, 1941-1945, p. 30
  15. ^ Third Axis. Fourth Ally. Romanian Armed Forces in the European War, 1941-1945, p. 30
  16. ^ Charles K. Kliment, Vladimir Francev, Czechoslovak Armored Fighting Vehicles, pp. 113-134
  17. ^ Steven J. Zaloga, Tanks of Hitler's Eastern Allies 1941-45, p. 25
  18. ^ Steven J. Zaloga, Tanks of Hitler's Eastern Allies 1941-45, p. 31
  19. ^ Steven J. Zaloga, Tanks of Hitler's Eastern Allies 1941-45, p. 31
  20. ^ Steven Zaloga, Romanian Armour in World War Two, Military Modelling, November 1987, ISSN 0026-4083
  21. ^ Spencer C. Tucker, World War II at Sea: An Encyclopedia: An Encyclopedia, p. 633
  22. ^ Adrian Storea, Gheorghe Băjenaru, Artileria română în date și imagini (Romanian artillery in data and pictures), p. 54 (in Romanian)
  23. ^ Adrian Storea, Gheorghe Băjenaru, Artileria română în date și imagini (Romanian artillery in data and pictures), p. 63 (in Romanian)