Army–Navy Game

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Army–Navy Game
Sport College football
First meeting November 29, 1890
Latest meeting December 10, 2016
Next meeting December 9, 2017
Statistics
Meetings total 117
All-time record Navy leads 60–50–7
Longest win streak Navy, 14 (2002–2015)
Current win streak Army, 1 (2016)

The Army–Navy Game is an American college rivalry game in college football between the Army West Point Black Knights of the United States Military Academy (USMA) at West Point, New York, and the Navy Midshipmen of the United States Naval Academy (USNA) at Annapolis, Maryland. The Black Knights (formerly the "Army Cadets" and "Army Black Knights") and Midshipmen each represent their service's oldest officer commissioning sources. As such, the game has come to embody the spirit of the interservice rivalry of the United States Armed Forces. The game marks the end of the college football regular season and the third and final game of the season's Commander-in-Chief's Trophy series, which also includes the Air Force Falcons of the United States Air Force Academy (USAFA) near Colorado Springs, Colorado.

The Army–Navy game is one of the most traditional and enduring rivalries in college football. It has been frequently attended by sitting U.S. presidents.[1] The game has been nationally televised each year since 1945 on either ABC, CBS or NBC. CBS has televised the game since 1996 and has the rights to the broadcast through 2028.[2] Instant replay made its American debut in the 1963 Army–Navy game.[3] Since 2009, the game has been held the Saturday following FBS conference championship weekend.[4]

The game has been held in multiple locations, but outside the 1926 game in Chicago and 1983 game in Pasadena, California, it has been played along the East Coast of the United States, most frequently in Philadelphia, followed by the New York City area and Baltimore. The series has been marked by several periods of domination by one team or the other, with Navy's 14-game winning streak from 2002 through 2015 being the longest for either side. Through the 2016 meeting, Navy leads the series 60–50–7.

Series history[edit]

Having met 30 times on the football field between their first meeting on November 29, 1890 and November 26, 1927, Army and Navy have met annually since 1930. The game has been held at several locations throughout its history, including Baltimore and New York City, but has most frequently been played in Philadelphia, roughly equidistant from the two academies. Historically played on the Saturday after Thanksgiving (a date on which most other major college football teams end their regular seasons), the game is now played on the second Saturday in December and is traditionally the last game of the season for both teams and the last regular-season game played in Division I FBS football. With the permanent expansion of the regular season to 12 games starting in 2006, several conference championship games joined the Army–Navy Game on its then-current date of the first weekend of December. In 2009, the game was moved from the first Saturday in December to the second Saturday; this means that it no longer conflicts with conference championship games and once again is the last non-bowl contest in college football.[5]

1908 Army–Navy college football game at Franklin Field.

This game has inter-service "bragging rights" at stake. For much of the first half of the 20th century, both Army and Navy were often national powers, and the game occasionally had national championship implications. However, as the level of play in college football improved nationally, and became fueled by prospects of playing in the National Football League (NFL), the high academic entrance requirements, height and weight limits, and the five-year military commitment required has reduced the overall competitiveness of both academies. Since 1963, only the 1996, 2010, and 2016 games have seen both teams enter with winning records. Nonetheless, the game is considered a college football institution. It has aired nationally on radio since the late 1920s, and has been nationally televised every year since 1945. The tradition associated with the game assures that it remains nationally broadcast to this day.

A game ball from the 1974 Army–Navy Game, with the game's final score (Navy 19, Army 0) adhered on with a label.

Arguably, one of the reasons this game has maintained its appeal is that the players are playing solely for the love of the game. Most players are required to fulfill a post-graduation active duty military commitment and, by the time this ends, many players are deemed too old to consider playing competitively again. Nevertheless, some participants in the Army–Navy Game have gone on to professional football careers. Quarterback Roger Staubach (Navy, 1965) went on to a Hall of Fame career with the Dallas Cowboys that included starting at quarterback in two Super Bowl victories including being named the Most Valuable Player of Super Bowl VI. Wide receiver and Return Specialist Phil McConkey (Navy, 1979) was a popular player on the New York Giants squad that won Super Bowl XXI. Running back Napoleon McCallum (Navy, 1985) was able to complete his commitment to the Navy and play for the then-Los Angeles Raiders in 1986. After satisfying his Navy commitment, he joined the Raiders full-time.

2002 Army–Navy Game at Giants Stadium. Navy is in dark and Army is in white.

The game is especially emotional for the seniors, called "first classmen" by both academies, since it is typically the last competitive regular season football game they will ever play (though they sometimes play in a subsequent bowl game). During wartime the game is even more emotional, as some seniors will make the ultimate sacrifice once they are deployed. Recognition of those who share the uniform and are deployed overseas is an important part of the day.

At the end of the game, both teams' almae matres are played and sung. The winning team stands alongside the losing team and faces the losing academy's students; then the losing team accompanies the winning team, facing their students.[6] This is done in a show of mutual respect and solidarity. Since the winning team's alma mater is always played last, the phrase "to sing second" has become synonymous with winning the rivalry game.

The rivalry between Annapolis and West Point, while friendly, is intense. The cadets live and breathe the phrase "Beat Navy!" while for midshipmen the opposite phrase, "Beat Army!" is ingrained. They have become a symbol of competitiveness, not just in the Army–Navy Game, but in the service of their country, and are often used at the close of (informal) letters by graduates of both academies. A long-standing tradition at the Army-Navy football game is to conduct a formal "prisoner exchange" as part of the pre-game activities. The prisoners are the cadets and midshipmen currently spending the semester studying at the sister academy. After the exchange, students have a brief reprieve to enjoy the game with their comrades.

In 2011, the 112th Army–Navy Game saw Navy's 10th consecutive win.

The game is the last of three contests in the annual Commander-in-Chief's Trophy series, awarded to each season's winner of the triangular series between Army, Navy, and Air Force since 1972. In years when Navy and Army have each beaten Air Force before the Army-Navy Game (1972, 1977, 1978, 1996, 2005 & 2012) the Army-Navy game has also determined whether Army or Navy would win this trophy. In years when Air Force has split its two games, the Army-Navy game determines whether the trophy is shared or won outright by the winner of the game.

The rivalries Army and Navy have with Air Force are much less intense than the Army–Navy rivalry, primarily due to the relative youth of the USAFA, established in 1954, and the physical distance between the USAFA and the other two schools. The Army–Air Force and Navy–Air Force games are usually played at the academies' regular home fields, although on occasion they have been held at a neutral field.

Navy won 14 Army-Navy games in a row from 2002 to 2015, the longest winning streak in the history of the series.[7] On December 10, 2016, Army snapped its 14-game losing streak against Navy with a 21–17 victory.

Venues[edit]

Though the game has been played 117 times, only six of those games have ever been held on the campus of either academy. Neither team has ever played at an on-campus stadium nearly large enough to accommodate the large crowds that usually attend the game, as well as the media and dignitaries. Army's Michie Stadium only seats 38,000 people, while Navy's Navy-Marine Corps Memorial Stadium only seats 34,000. The game's popularity grew enough early on that when it was revived in 1899, it was played at a neutral site, the Franklin Field in Philadelphia. Except for the 1942 and 1943 games, which were played on-campus due to World War II travel restrictions, it has been played at a neutral site every year since.

Pennsylvania Railroad trains lined up at a temporary station outside the Municipal Stadium after the 1955 game.

Traditionally, the game is played in Philadelphia, due to the historic nature of the city and the fact that it is approximately halfway between West Point and Annapolis. Additionally, Philadelphia has always had a stadium large enough to accommodate the crowds. Philadelphia's John F. Kennedy Stadium (JFK) hosted the game from 1936 to 1979 (except for three years in World War II) – more than any other venue in the history of the series. It even hosted the game for several years after the 1971 construction of nearby Veterans Stadium, which finally became the game's host in 1980. The Pennsylvania Railroad and its successors offered game-day service to all Army–Navy games (except several during WWII) at John F. Kennedy Stadium, using a sprawling temporary station constructed each year on the railroad's nearby Greenwich freight yard. The service, with 40-odd trains serving as many as 30,000 attendees, was the single largest concentrated passenger rail movement in the country.[8][9]

Franklin Field, on the campus of the University of Pennsylvania, hosted the game in the early twentieth century before it was moved to JFK. New York's Polo Grounds holds the record for most games hosted outside of Philadelphia. The city of Baltimore has hosted a number of games throughout the history of the series as well, even though Baltimore is closer to Annapolis.

1926 game at Chicago's Soldier Field

The Rose Bowl is the only site west of the Mississippi River to host the Army–Navy game; it did so in 1983. The city of Pasadena, California, paid for the travel expenses of all the students and supporters of both academies – 9,437 in all.[10] A substitute, however, for Bill XXII – the Navy mascot – and four rented Army mules were brought in.[10] The attendance was 81,000.[11][12] The game was held at the Rose Bowl that year because there are a large number of military installations and servicemen and women, along with many retired military personnel, on the West Coast.[10] The game has been held one other time in a non-East Coast venue, at Chicago's Soldier Field, which played host to the 1926 game. In October 1984, the $100,000 in costs to transport the cadets and midshipmen to the California game earned the Department of Defense a "Golden Fleece Award" from United States Senator William Proxmire, a Democrat from Wisconsin.[13]

Currently the game is played primarily at Lincoln Financial Field in Philadelphia, the home of the Philadelphia Eagles. Since the 1980s, the game has been held roughly once every three or four years at a site other than Philadelphia. These sites have included Giants Stadium in East Rutherford, New Jersey (replaced in 2010 by MetLife Stadium, which has yet to host the game), M&T Bank Stadium in Baltimore and FedExField in Landover, Maryland. These are still considered neutral-site games, but provide locations that are closer to one academy or the other.

Future venues[edit]

The 2017 game will be held at Lincoln Financial Field in Philadelphia. Game venues after 2017 have yet to be awarded. Venues for the next five to eight games are expected to be announced in June 2017.[14]

Total games by venue and geography[edit]

Venue Games Army victories Navy victories Tie games First game Most recent game
Municipal Stadium (Philadelphia) 41 16 22 3 1936 1979
Franklin Field 18 11 7 0 1899 1935
Veterans Stadium 17 11 5 1 1980 2001
Lincoln Financial Field 10 0 10 0 2003 2015
Polo Grounds 9 5 3 1 1913 1927
Giants Stadium 4 1 3 0 1989 2002
M&T Bank Stadium 4 1 3 0 2000 2016
The Plain 2 0 2 0 1890 1892
Worden Field 2 1 1 0 1891 1893
Municipal Stadium (Baltimore) 2 2 0 0 1924 1944
Yankee Stadium 2 2 0 0 1930 1931
Osborne Field 1 0 0 1 1905 1905
Soldier Field 1 0 0 1 1926 1926
Thompson Stadium 1 0 1 0 1942 1942
Michie Stadium 1 0 1 0 1943 1943
Rose Bowl 1 0 1 0 1983 1983
FedExField 1 0 1 0 2011 2011


City Games Army victories Navy victories Tie games First game Most recent game
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 86 38 44 4 1899 2015
New York, New York 11 7 3 1 1913 1931
Baltimore, Maryland 6 3 3 0 1924 2016
East Rutherford, New Jersey 4 1 3 0 1989 2002
West Point, New York 3 0 3 0 1890 1943
Annapolis, Maryland 3 1 2 0 1891 1942
Princeton, New Jersey 1 0 0 1 1905 1905
Chicago, Illinois 1 0 0 1 1926 1926
Pasadena, California 1 0 1 0 1983 1983
Landover, Maryland 1 0 1 0 2011 2011


State Games Army victories Navy victories Tie games First game Most recent game
Pennsylvania 86 38 44 4 1899 2015
New York 14 7 6 1 1890 1931
Maryland 10 4 6 0 1891 2016
New Jersey 5 1 3 1 1905 2002
Illinois 1 0 0 1 1926 1926
California 1 0 1 0 1983 1983


CSA Games Army victories Navy victories Tie games First game Most recent game
Philadelphia-Reading-Camden, PA-NJ-DE-MD 86 38 44 4 1899 2015
New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT-PA 19 8 9 2 1890 2002
Washington-Baltimore-Arlington, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA 10 4 6 0 1891 2016
Chicago-Naperville, IL-IN-WI 1 0 0 1 1926 1926
Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA 1 0 1 0 1983 1983

Game results[edit]

Army victories Navy victories Ties
Year Winner Score Location City Series
1890 Navy 24–0 "The Plain" USMA West Point, NY Navy 1–0
1891 Army 32–16 Worden Field USNA Annapolis, MD Tied 1–1
1892 Navy 12–4 "The Plain" West Point, NY Navy 2–1
1893 Navy 6–4 Worden Field Annapolis, MD Navy 3–1
1899 Army 17–5 Franklin Field Philadelphia, PA Navy 3–2
1900 Navy 11–7 Franklin Field Philadelphia, PA Navy 4–2
1901 Army 11–5 Franklin Field Philadelphia, PA Navy 4–3
1902 Army 22–8 Franklin Field Philadelphia, PA Tied 4–4
1903 Army 40–5 Franklin Field Philadelphia, PA Army 5–4
1904 Army 11–0 Franklin Field Philadelphia, PA Army 6–4
1905 Tie 6–6 Osborne Field Princeton, NJ Army 6–4–1
1906 Navy 10–0 Franklin Field Philadelphia, PA Army 6–5–1
1907 Navy 6–0 Franklin Field Philadelphia, PA Tied 6–6–1
1908 Army 6–4 Franklin Field Philadelphia, PA Army 7–6–1
1910 Navy 3–0 Franklin Field Philadelphia, PA Tied 7–7–1
1911 Navy 3–0 Franklin Field Philadelphia, PA Navy 8–7–1
1912 Navy 6–0 Franklin Field Philadelphia, PA Navy 9–7–1
1913 Army 22–9 Polo Grounds New York, NY Navy 9–8–1
1914 Army 20–0 Franklin Field Philadelphia, PA Tied 9–9–1
1915 Army 14–0 Polo Grounds New York, NY Army 10–9–1
1916 Army 15–7 Polo Grounds New York, NY Army 11–9–1
1919 Navy 6–0 Polo Grounds New York, NY Army 11–10–1
1920 Navy 7–0 Polo Grounds New York, NY Tied 11–11–1
1921 Navy 7–0 Polo Grounds New York, NY Navy 12–11–1
1922 Army 17–14 Franklin Field Philadelphia, PA Tied 12–12–1
1923 Tie 0–0 Polo Grounds New York, NY Tied 12–12–2
1924 Army 12–0 Municipal Stadium Baltimore, MD Army 13–12–2
1925 Army 10–3 Polo Grounds New York, NY Army 14–12–2
1926 Tie 21–21 Soldier Field Chicago, IL Army 14–12–3
1927 Army 14–9 Polo Grounds New York, NY Army 15–12–3
1930 Army 6–0 Yankee Stadium Bronx, NY Army 16–12–3
1931 Army 17–7 Yankee Stadium Bronx, NY Army 17–12–3
1932 Army 20–0 Franklin Field Philadelphia, PA Army 18–12–3
1933 Army 12–7 Franklin Field Philadelphia, PA Army 19–12–3
1934 Navy 3–0 Franklin Field Philadelphia, PA Army 19–13–3
1935 Army 28–6 Franklin Field Philadelphia, PA Army 20–13–3
1936 Navy 7–0 Municipal Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 20–14–3
1937 Army 6–0 Municipal Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 21–14–3
1938 Army 14–7 Municipal Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 22–14–3
1939 Navy 10–0 Municipal Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 22–15–3
1940 Navy 14–0 Municipal Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 22–16–3
1941 Navy 14–6 Municipal Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 22–17–3
1942 Navy 14–0 Thompson Stadium Annapolis, MD Army 22–18–3
1943 Navy 13–0 Michie Stadium West Point, NY Army 22–19–3
1944 Army 23–7 Municipal Stadium Baltimore, MD Army 23–19–3
1945 Army 32–13 Municipal Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 24–19–3
1946 Army 21–18 Municipal Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 25–19–3
1947 Army 21–0 Municipal Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 26–19–3
1948 Tie 21–21 Municipal Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 26–19–4
1949 Army 38–0 Municipal Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 27–19–4
1950 Navy 14–2 Municipal Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 27–20–4
1951 Navy 42–7 Municipal Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 27–21–4
1952 Navy 7–0 Municipal Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 27–22–4
1953 Army 20–7 Municipal Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 28–22–4
1954 Navy 27–20 Municipal Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 28–23–4
1955 Army 14–6 Municipal Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 29–23–4
1956 Tie 7–7 Municipal Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 29–23–5
1957 Navy 14–0 Municipal Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 29–24–5
1958 Army 22–6 Municipal Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 30–24–5
1959 Navy 43–12 Municipal Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 30–25–5
1960 Navy 17–12 Philadelphia Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 30–26–5
1961 Navy 13–7 Philadelphia Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 30–27–5
1962 Navy 34–14 Philadelphia Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 30–28–5
1963 Navy 21–15 Philadelphia Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 30–29–5
1964 Army 11–8 John F. Kennedy Stadium
Philadelphia, PA Army 31–29–5
1965 Tie 7–7 John F. Kennedy Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 31–29–6
1966 Army 20–7 John F. Kennedy Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 32–29–6
1967 Navy 19–14 John F. Kennedy Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 32–30–6
1968 Army 21–14 John F. Kennedy Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 33–30–6
1969 Army 27–0 John F. Kennedy Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 34–30–6
1970 Navy 11–7 John F. Kennedy Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 34–31–6
1971 Army 24–23 John F. Kennedy Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 35–31–6
1972 Army 23–15 John F. Kennedy Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 36–31–6
1973 Navy 51–0 John F. Kennedy Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 36–32–6
1974 Navy 19–0 John F. Kennedy Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 36–33–6
1975 Navy 30–6 John F. Kennedy Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 36–34–6
1976 Navy 38–10 John F. Kennedy Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 36–35–6
1977 Army 17–14 John F. Kennedy Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 37–35–6
1978 Navy 28–0 John F. Kennedy Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 37–36–6
1979 Navy 31–7 John F. Kennedy Stadium Philadelphia, PA Tied 37–37–6
1980 Navy 33–6 Veterans Stadium Philadelphia, PA Navy 38–37–6
1981 Tie 3–3 Veterans Stadium Philadelphia, PA Navy 38–37–7
1982 Navy 24–7 Veterans Stadium Philadelphia, PA Navy 39–37–7
1983 Navy 42–13 Rose Bowl Pasadena, CA Navy 40–37–7
1984 Army 28–11 Veterans Stadium Philadelphia, PA Navy 40–38–7
1985 Navy 17–7 Veterans Stadium Philadelphia, PA Navy 41–38–7
1986 Army 27–7 Veterans Stadium Philadelphia, PA Navy 41–39–7
1987 Army 17–3 Veterans Stadium Philadelphia, PA Navy 41–40–7
1988 Army 20–15 Veterans Stadium Philadelphia, PA Tied 41–41–7
1989 Navy 19–17 Giants Stadium East Rutherford, NJ Navy 42–41–7
1990 Army 30–20 Veterans Stadium Philadelphia, PA Tied 42–42–7
1991 Navy 24–3 Veterans Stadium Philadelphia, PA Navy 43–42–7
1992 Army 25–24 Veterans Stadium Philadelphia, PA Tied 43–43–7
1993 Army 16–14 Giants Stadium East Rutherford, NJ Army 44–43–7
1994 Army 22–20 Veterans Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 45–43–7
1995 Army 14–13 Veterans Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 46–43–7
1996 Army 28–24 Veterans Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 47–43–7
1997 Navy 39–7 Giants Stadium East Rutherford, NJ Army 47–44–7
1998 Army 34–30 Veterans Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 48–44–7
1999 Navy 19–9 Veterans Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 48–45–7
2000 Navy 30–28 PSINet Stadium Baltimore, MD Army 48–46–7
2001 Army 26–17 Veterans Stadium Philadelphia, PA Army 49–46–7
2002 Navy 58–12 Giants Stadium East Rutherford, NJ Army 49–47–7
2003 Navy 34–6 Lincoln Financial Field Philadelphia, PA Army 49–48–7
2004 Navy 42–13 Lincoln Financial Field Philadelphia, PA Tied 49–49–7
2005 Navy 42–23 Lincoln Financial Field Philadelphia, PA Navy 50–49–7
2006 Navy 26–14 Lincoln Financial Field Philadelphia, PA Navy 51–49–7
2007 Navy 38–3 M&T Bank Stadium Baltimore, MD Navy 52–49–7
2008 Navy 34–0 Lincoln Financial Field Philadelphia, PA Navy 53–49–7
2009 Navy 17–3 Lincoln Financial Field Philadelphia, PA Navy 54–49–7
2010 Navy 31–17 Lincoln Financial Field Philadelphia, PA Navy 55–49–7
2011 Navy 27–21 FedExField Landover, MD Navy 56–49–7
2012 Navy 17–13 Lincoln Financial Field Philadelphia, PA Navy 57–49–7
2013 Navy 34–7 Lincoln Financial Field Philadelphia, PA Navy 58–49–7
2014 Navy 17–10 M&T Bank Stadium Baltimore, MD Navy 59–49–7
2015 Navy 21–17 Lincoln Financial Field Philadelphia, PA Navy 60–49–7
2016 Army 21–17 M&T Bank Stadium Baltimore, MD Navy 60–50–7
2017 Lincoln Financial Field Philadelphia, PA

Notable games[edit]

Navy Midshipman (and later Admiral) Joseph Mason Reeves wore what is widely regarded as the first football helmet in the 1893 Army–Navy Game. He had been advised by a Navy doctor that another kick to his head would result in intellectual disability or even death, so he commissioned an Annapolis shoemaker to make him a helmet out of leather.[15]

On November 27, 1926, the Army–Navy Game was held in Chicago for the National Dedication of Soldier Field as a monument to American servicemen who had fought in World War I. Navy came to the game undefeated, while West Point had only lost to Notre Dame, so the game would decide the National Championship. Played before a crowd of over 100,000, the teams fought to a 21–21 tie, but Navy was awarded the national championship.[16]

In both the 1944 and 1945 contests, Army and Navy entered the game ranked #1 and #2 respectively.[17] The 1945 game was labeled the "game of the century" before it was played. Army defeated a 7–0–1 Navy team 32–13. Navy's lone tie was against Notre Dame.[18]

In 1963, shortly after the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, Jacqueline Kennedy urged the academies to play after there had been talk of cancellation. Originally scheduled for November 30, 1963, the game was played on December 7, 1963 also coinciding with the 22nd anniversary of Pearl Harbor Day.[19] In front of a crowd of 102,000 people in Philadelphia's Municipal Stadium, later named John F. Kennedy Stadium, junior (second class Midshipman) quarterback Roger Staubach led number two ranked Navy to victory which clinched a Cotton Bowl national championship matchup with Texas played on January 1, 1964. Army was led by junior (second class Cadet) quarterback Rollie Stichweh. Stichweh led off the game with a touchdown drive that featured the first use of instant replay on television. Army nearly won the game after another touchdown and two point conversion, Stichweh recovered the onside kick and drove the ball to the Navy 2 yard line. On 4th down and no timeouts, crowd noise prevented Stichweh from calling a play and time expired with the 21–15 final score. Staubach won the Heisman Trophy that year and was bumped off the scheduled cover of Life magazine due to the coverage of the assassination. Stichweh and Staubach would meet again in 1964 as First Class where Stichweh's Army would defeat Staubach's Navy. Staubach went on to serve in the Navy and afterward became a Pro Football Hall of Fame quarterback with the Dallas Cowboys. Stichweh served five years in Vietnam with the 173rd Airborne Brigade. Stichweh was inducted into the Army Sports Hall of Fame in 2012.[20][21]

On December 10, 2016, Army beat Navy 21–17, snapping Navy's 14 year winning streak. This followed the death earlier in the season of Brandon Jackson, a defensive back from the Army side who died in a car accident. Army players wore Jackson's number 28 on their uniforms in remembrance of their late teammate.[22]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Bibliography
Notes
  1. ^ Staff writer (November 18, 2008). "President Bush Will Attend Army-Navy Game for First Time since 2004"". ESPN. Associated Press. Retrieved December 24, 2009. 
  2. ^ Staff writer (May 18, 2017). "CBS SPORTS TO REMAIN HOME OF ANNUAL ARMY-NAVY FOOTBALL CLASSIC THROUGH 2028". Navy Sports Webpage. Retrieved May 18, 2017. 
  3. ^ Gelston, Dan (December 5, 2008). "Army–Navy, Instant Replay, Tony Verna, 45 Years Later ...". Los Angeles Daily News. Associated Press. Retrieved December 24, 2009. 
  4. ^ "Army, Navy have no plans to move game for College Football Playoff schedule". USA Today. May 22, 2015. Retrieved December 12, 2015. 
  5. ^ Staff writer (October 23, 2008). "Army–Navy Will Move to Second Saturday in December". The Associated Press (via ESPN). Retrieved December 24, 2009. 
  6. ^ Blansett, Sarah (December 12, 2014). "Tradition and History Wrapped into 115th Army–Navy Game". Military.com. Retrieved November 19, 2016. 
  7. ^ "Army Looks To Sink Navy's Winning Streak « CBS New York". Retrieved 12 December 2015. 
  8. ^ Cupper, Dan (1992). Crossroads of Commerce: The Pennsylvania Railroad Calendar Art of Grif Teller. Stackpole Books. p. 138. ISBN 9780811729031 – via Google Books. 
  9. ^ Froio, Michael (December 11, 2015). "To The Game: A Pennsylvania Railroad Tradition". Retrieved August 24, 2016. 
  10. ^ a b c Clark, N. Brooks (December 5, 1983). "The Week" Archived October 15, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.. Sports Illustrated. Accessed December 24, 2009.
  11. ^ [verification needed]Staff writer (undated). "No. 1 Rivalry – Army–Navy". Athlon Sports. Accessed December 24, 2009.
  12. ^ "1983 – Score: Navy 42 – Army 13 | Game played at the Rose Bowl". United States Naval Academy exhibits. Accessed December 24, 2009.
  13. ^ "Golden Fleece Awards, 1975-1987". Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  14. ^ Ryan Sharrow (December 8, 2016). "Future Army-Navy games draw interest from cities across the U.S.". "Baltimore Business Journal. Accessed December 12, 2016
  15. ^ "History of the Football Helmet" from Past Time Sports. Accessed Jan 1,2010
  16. ^ Nimitz Library | U. S. Naval Academy Archival Images: Army Navy Football: 1926. Accessed Dec 31, 2009 Archived January 14, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  17. ^ [verification needed]Unknown writer (undated). "Games Where #1 Faced #2" kiko13.com (fansite). Accessed December 24, 2009.
  18. ^ "Middies All Hepped Up to Knock Over Cadets". Los Angeles Times, November 27, 1945. "Navy, far from conceding next Saturday's football 'game of the century' to Army, will field a spirited, offense-minded team determined to win and 'not merely hold down the score,' Public Relations Chief Lt. William Sullivan said today."
  19. ^ Norlander, Matt. "Film on '63 Army-Navy game shows impact of rivalry, JFK tragedy". CBS Sports. Retrieved 12 December 2013. 
  20. ^ "Carl Roland Stichweh HOF profile". CBS Interactive. Retrieved 12 December 2013. 
  21. ^ "Army Sports Hall of Fame Members – By Induction Class". CBS Interactive. Retrieved 12 December 2013. 
  22. ^ Interdonato, Sal (December 11, 2016). "Army-Navy Game: Army comes up big for the late Brandon Jackson". Times Herald-Record. National Collegiate Athletic Association. Retrieved February 11, 2017. 

External links[edit]