U.S. Army Public Health Center (Provisional)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Army Environmental Hygiene Agency)
Jump to: navigation, search
Army public health center logo.png

The United States Army Public Health Center (APHC) is a United States Army element headquartered at Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland, United States.[1] As a major subordinate command of the United States Army Medical Command, APHC is responsible for providing technical support and expertise in the areas of preventive medicine, public health, health promotion, and wellness to military units around the globe.[2]

The Maryland Office of ORAU and Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE)[3] administers research participation programs for USAPHC.[4]

John Resta serves as the director.[5]

History[edit]

The Army Industrial Hygiene Laboratory (AIHL) was founded in 1942 at the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health under the direct jurisdiction of the Surgeon General of the United States Army.[6] It was charged with conducting occupational health surveys of Army-operated industrial plants, arsenals, and depots. In October 1945, AIHL was transferred to what is now Aberdeen Proving Ground - South. From 1940 to 1960, AIHL's mission and personnel continued to expand, and AIHL became the U.S. Army Environmental Hygiene Agency (USAEHA).

In 1973, USAEHA became a subordinate command of the U.S. Army Health Services Command (the latter later became the United States Army Medical Command). The following year, USAEHA was given command of the health and environmental resources of the Army medical laboratories. These assets became USAEHA subordinate commands.

In 1994, USAEHA was re-designated as the United States Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine.[7] In addition to its continental United States regional commands, USACHPPM also had two subordinate commands. In 1995, USACHPPM Europe was activated in Landstuhl, Germany, and USACHPPM Pacific was activated, moving in 1997 to Camp Zama, Japan.

In 2010, the center was merged with the United States Army Veterinary Command (VETCOM) to form USAPHC.[8] VETCOM supported almost 500 DOD installations worldwide and included the DOD Veterinary Food Analysis and Diagnostic Laboratory and the DOD Military Working Dog Veterinary Service. USAPHC had six subordinate elements: the Army Institute for Health and five regional commands located at Fort George G. Meade in Maryland; Joint Base San Antonio in Texas; Joint Base Lewis-McChord in Washington; Landstuhl Regional Medical Center in Germany; and Camp Zama in Japan. USAPHC's mission was to promote health and prevent disease, injury, and disability of Soldiers and retirees, their Families, and Army civilians, and to provide veterinary medicine services for the Army and Department of Defense. USAPHC also provided consulting services to senior military leaders, commanders both deployed and in garrison, and military medical and health professionals.[9]

In 2015, USAPHC was renamed the Army Public Health Center (Provisional) as part of an overall Army Medical Command reorganization. The goal is to create a single point of accountability for health readiness at each Regional Health Command.[citation needed]

The Army Medical Command’s realignment supports the Army’s current operations and global engagements. The reorganization will help support the Surgeon General's System for Health by making access to public health services locally accessible.

The new Army Public Health Center has the same parent organization (Army Medical Command) as before and offers the same range of services in each region. The public health mission does not change; remaining health promotion and disease/injury prevention in Soldiers, retirees, their Families, Veterans, Army civilians and government-owned animals.


References[edit]

External links[edit]