Army Headquarters (Sri Lanka)

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Old Army Headquarters
පරණ යුද්ධ හමුදා මූලස්ථානය
Sri Lanka Army Logo.png
Colombo 3, Sri Lanka
Old Army Headquarters පරණ යුද්ධ හමුදා මූලස්ථානය is located in Central Colombo
Old Army Headquarters පරණ යුද්ධ හමුදා මූලස්ථානය
Old Army Headquarters
පරණ යුද්ධ හමුදා මූලස්ථානය
Coordinates 6°55′24″N 79°50′52″E / 6.923320°N 79.847661°E / 6.923320; 79.847661
Type Military Headquarters
Site information
Controlled by  Sri Lanka Army
Site history
In use 1940s–2012
Demolished 2012
Battles/wars Sri Lankan Civil War
Garrison information
Garrison Sri Lanka Engineers
Sri Lanka Army Women's Corps
Sri Lanka Rifle Corps

The Old Army Headquarters refers to the former military headquarters complex of the Sri Lanka Army. Situated next to Galle Face Green and Lower Lake Road, the complex bordered the Beira Lake and had its main entrance at the Slave Island end of Baladaksha Mawatha, Colombo 3. The complex also included the Ministry of Defence buildings, located close to the Galle Face terminus of Baladaksha Mawatha. Apart from operational and administrative offices, it contained the centers of several regiments and corps of the Sri Lanka Army, as well as the Colombo Military Hospital and the army sports grounds.

History[edit]

The base was founded by the British during their colonial rule of Ceylon, undergoing expansion during World War II. Upon the post-independence formation of the Ceylon Army in 1949, the base began use as its headquarters.

The complex was demolished in 2012 to make way for two major real estate projects at its location- Shangri La/One Colombo and ITC Colombo.[1][2][3] A combined tri-forces headquarters at Akuregoda, Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte had been commissioned to house, among others, the displaced army administrative offices.[1]

Terrorist attacks[edit]

The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) carried out two suicide bombings targeting the complex, the first being on November 24, 1995, when two female suicide bombers carried out an attack outside the headquarters, killing 16 and wounding 52- mostly civilians.[4][5] The second occurred on April 25, 2006 when a female LTTE suicide bomber- disguised as a pregnant woman arriving for clinical treatment at the Colombo Military Hospital- targeted the motorcade of then-army commander Lieutenant General Sarath Fonseka[6][7]. Although seriously wounded, Fonseka survived; the attack left 8 dead and 27 wounded.[6] This prompted the decision to move the military hospital to a suburb of Colombo.

Directorates[edit]

List of regimental centers[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Security Forces HQ moving to Akuragoda". Sundaytimes.lk. Sunday Times Sri Lanka. Retrieved 9 August 2017. 
  2. ^ "Sweeping tax benefits for Shangri-La". Sundaytimes.lk. Sunday Times Sri Lanka. Retrieved 9 August 2017. 
  3. ^ "ITC begins mixed development project near Galle Face Green". Sundaytimes.lk. Sunday Times Sri Lanka. Retrieved 9 August 2017. 
  4. ^ "Law Paper Attachment 5- List of LTTE Suicide Attacks". Internationallawbureau.com. International Criminal Law Bureau. 
  5. ^ "World News Briefs;Main Army Base Bombed In Sri Lanka and 15 Die". Nytimes.com. New York Times. Retrieved 9 August 2017. 
  6. ^ a b "Suicide attack on Sri Lanka's top military commander leaves 8 dead". Nytimes.com. New York Times. Retrieved 9 August 2017. 
  7. ^ "Bomb targets Sri Lanka army chief". bbc.co.uk. BBC. Retrieved 9 August 2017.