Army Museum of Toledo

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Army Museum
Fachada norte del Alcázar de Toledo (España).jpg
The Alcazar
Established2010 on present site
Public transit accessToledo railway station

The Museum of the Army (Spanish: Museo del Ejército) is a mid-level museum located in Toledo, Spain. It is housed in two linked buildings, the city's historic Alcázar (castle) and a purpose-built extension. This museum contains a lot of miniature replicas of battles, and other things.

The history of the museum goes back to 1803 when the royal military museum was established in a building in Madrid known as the Palacio de Monteleón. The building also served as a barracks for artillery units and it was attacked and looted by the French when they suppressed the Dos de Mayo Uprising of 1808. The museum was set up again, but in 1827 it was divided into two sections: the Museo de Artillería and the Museo de Ingenieros. Later the collections were unified and housed in the Hall of Realms.

In the twenty-first century the collections were moved from Madrid to Toledo. The new premises offered much more space, although the site was not without controversy because of its associations with the Siege of the Alcázar, an episode in the Spanish Civil War.[1] The new museum was opened in 2010 by Felipe, Prince of Asturias.[2]

The Alcázar[edit]

The Alcázar is used for the Permanent Exhibition. Some rooms are devoted to chronological displays that reflect the history of Spain twinned with that of its Army, other rooms show the collections thematically.

The new plant

The new building[edit]

The new building houses the administrative offices, the Temporary Exhibitions room, the Army room in the present time, the didactic classroom, the auditorium, the archive, the library, the coffee shop, the restoration workshops and the warehouses, all of them endowed with the greatest technical advances for the conservation, restoration, cataloging, investigation and diffusion of the funds that are guarded.[3]


Some items are archaeological. The displays include finds from excavations at the Alcázar which were undertaken prior to construction of the museum extension.

Display cases and individual items[edit]

Some of the display cases belonging to the museum are of interest in their own right with decorative details reflecting their contents.[4]

The displays on the 20th century include a 1930s Enigma machine in its original box. The Spanish have preserved a number of Enigma machines which were obtained from Nazi Germany. Two of them have been presented to British institutions in return for Enigma-related material. [5]



  1. ^ Gooch, Adela (1999). "Museum revives memories of Spain's dark era".
  2. ^ "El príncipe Felipe inaugura el Museo del Ejército, que llega tras 14 años al Alcázar de Toledo" (in Spanish). RTVE. 2010.
  3. ^ "Military museum". Retrieved 6 April 2017.
  4. ^ "Un museo con las vitrinas vacías". El País (in Spanish). 2017. Retrieved 6 April 2017.
  5. ^ Corera, Gordon (2012). "The Spanish link in cracking the Enigma Code". BBC. Retrieved 2018-04-08.
  6. ^, Boabdil's items

External links[edit]