Army ranks and insignia of the Russian Federation

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Emblem of the armed forces of the Russian Federation
Emblem of the land forces of the Russian Federation

The Russian Federation inherited the ranks of the Soviet Union, although the insignia and uniform were altered slightly.

The Russian armed forces have two styles of ranks: army-style ranks and navy-style ranks. The army and air force use only army-style ranks.

Ranks and insignia[edit]

The following is a table ranks of the armed forces of the Russian Federation. English translation is given first, followed by Russian version, then by English transliteration.

Officers[edit]

Category Troop ranks Parade uniform insignia Everyday uniform insignia Field uniform insignia NATO equivalent
Supreme officers
or
general officers
Marshal of the Russian Federation[Note 1]

(Ма́ршал Росси́йской Федера́ции)

(Márshal Rossíyskoy Federátsii)
RAF F10MarshRF 2010parad.png
19marshal.png
Marshal polevoy pogon.png
OF-10
(Honorary)
Army general

(Генера́л а́рмии)

(Generál ármii)
RAF A F9GenArmy since2013par.png
RAF A F9GenArmy after2013.png
OF09 Army general fu-2013.png
OF-9
Colonel general

(Генера́л-полко́вник)

(Generál-polkóvnik)
RAF A F8ColGen 2010par.png
RAF A F8ColGen after2010.png
18gen3.png
OF-8
Lieutenant general

(Генера́л-лейтена́нт)

(Generál-leytenánt)
RAF A F7LtGen 2010par.png
RAF A F7LtGen after2010.png
17gen2.png
OF-7
Major general

(Генера́л-майо́р)

(Generál-mayór)
RAF A F6MajGen 2010par.png
RAF A F6MajGen after 2010.png
16gen1.png
OF-6
Senior officers
or
field grade officers
Colonel

(Полко́вник)

(Polkóvnik)
RAF A F5Col 2010par.png
RAF A F5-Polkovniken after2010.png
15Polk.png
OF-5
Lieutenant colonel

(Подполко́вник)

(Podpolkóvnik)
RAF A F4LtCol 2010par.png
13-podp.png
14podpol.png
OF-4
Major

(Майо́р)

(Mayór)
RAF A F3Maj 2010parad.png
12-mjr.png
13mj.png
OF-3
Junior officers
or
company grade officers
Captain

(Капита́н)

(Kapitán)
RAF A FCap 2010parad.png
11-kap.png
12kpt.png
OF-2
Senior lieutenant

(Ста́рший лейтена́нт)

(Stárshiy Leytenánt)
RAF A F1FstLt 2010.parad.png
10-stlt.png
11stlt.png
OF-1
Lieutenant

(Лейтена́нт)

(Leytenánt)
RAF A F1-2Lt 2010parad.png
9-lt.png
10lt.png
Junior lieutenant

(Мла́дший лейтена́нт)

(Mládshiy Leytenánt)
RAF A F1-3SubLt 2010parad.png
8-lt.png
9mllt.png

Warrant officers and other ranks[edit]

Category Troop ranks Parade uniform insignia Everyday uniform insignia Field uniform insignia NATO equivalent
Warrant officers Senior warrant officer
(Ста́рший пра́порщик)
(Starshiy praporshchik)
7-stpr.png 8stprp.png OR-9
Warrant officer
(Пра́порщик)
(Praporshchik)
6-pr.png 7prp.png OR-8
Sergeants
Master sergeant

(Старшина́)

(Starshiná)
P6-starsh.png
6starsh.png
OR-7
Senior sergeant

(Ста́рший сержа́нт)

(Stárshiy serzhánt)
P5-stsg.png
5stsg.png
OR-6
Sergeant

(Сержа́нт)

(Serzhánt)
P4-sg.png
4sg.png
OR-5
Junior sergeant

(Мла́дший сержа́нт)

(Mládshiy Serzhánt)
P3-mlsg.png
3ML.png
OR-4
Soldiers and airmen
Corporal

(Ефре́йтор)

(Yefréytor)
P2-efr.png
2efr.png
OR-3
Private

(Рядово́й)

(Ryadovóy)
P1-prv.png
1pvt.png
OR-2

Rank titles are sometimes modified due to a particular assignment, branch or status:

  • The ranks of servicemen assigned to a "guards" unit or formation are preceded by the word “guards”;
  • The ranks of servicemen in the legal, medical and veterinary branches are followed by “of justice”, “of the medical service”, and “of the veterinary service”, respectively;
  • The ranks of servicemen in the reserve or in unit are followed by “of the reserve” or “in retirement”, respectively;
  • The rank descriptor "of aviation" was officially abolished but is still commonly used.

Rank reform (2008)[edit]

As a result of the 2008-2011 defence reform the Russian Army's 90,000 warrant officer positions have been removed.

Insignia reform (2010)[edit]

On March 11, 2010, Law No.2010-293 of the President of Russia introduced a new set of rank insignia. Privates, airmen and seamen now wear plain shoulder epaulettes. Senior NCOs had their chevrons replaced by plain bars (small horizontal bars for corporals and sergeants increasing in number with seniority, large horizontal bars for staff sergeants, and vertical bars for master sergeants). These rank badges mirror Imperial Russian Army and 1970s Soviet Army insignia. Warrant officers and officers received new shoulder rank epaulettes and all general officer insignia now reflect service affiliation in the duty dress uniform. The parade dress gold epaulettes have been retained. The insignia for a marshal of the Russian Federation retained the coat of arms of Russia and the marshal's star.

Insignia reform (2013)[edit]

In 2013 the insignia of an army general now include the marshal's star, surmounted by a red star in a wreath.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The rank of marshal of the Russian Federation, the highest in the Russian Army, is not presently held by anyone in the modern armed of the Russian Federation. The only officer to hold the rank is the former Minister of Defense Igor Sergeyev, who was elevated from commander (army general) of the Strategic Rocket Forces. As it stands, marshal of the Russian Federation should be considered an honorary title equivalent to a field marshal, marshal or five-star general in other countries, created in the event of a major war or as the result of extreme military accomplishment (see marshal of the Soviet Union).

References[edit]

See also[edit]

External[edit]