Army ranks and insignia of the Russian Federation

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Emblem of the armed forces of the Russian Federation
Emblem of the land forces of the Russian Federation

The Russian Federation inherited the ranks of the Soviet Union, although the insignia and uniform were altered slightly.

The Russian armed forces have two styles of ranks: army-style ranks and navy-style ranks. The army and air force use only army-style ranks.

Ranks and insignia[edit]

The following is a table ranks of the armed forces of the Russian Federation. English translation is given first, followed by Russian version, then by English transliteration.

Officers[edit]

Category Troop ranks Parade uniform insignia Everyday uniform insignia Field uniform insignia NATO equivalent
Supreme officers
or
general officers
Marshal of the Russian Federation[Note 1]

(Ма́ршал Росси́йской Федера́ции)
(Márshal Rossíyskoy Federátsii)

RAF A F10MarRF since 2010par.svg Russia-Army-OF-10-2010.svg Marshal polevoy pogon.png OF-10
Army General

(Генера́л а́рмии)
(Generál ármii)

RAF A F9GenArmy 1974-1991.png Russia-Army-OF-9-2013.svg OF09 Army general fu-2013.png OF-9
Colonel General

(Генера́л-полко́вник)
(Generál-polkóvnik)

RAF A F8ColGen since 2010par.svg Russia-Army-OF-8-2010.svg 18gen3.png OF-8
Lieutenant General

(Генера́л-лейтена́нт)
(Generál-leytenánt)

RAF A F7LtGen since 2010par.svg Russia-Army-OF-7-2010.svg 17gen2.png OF-7
Major General

(Генера́л-майо́р)

(Generál-mayór)
RAF A F6MajGen since 2010par.svg Russia-Army-OF-6-2010.svg 16gen1.png OF-6
Senior officers
or
field grade officers
Colonel

(Полко́вник)
(Polkóvnik)

RAF A F5Col since 2010par.svg Russia-Army-OF-5-2010.svg 15Polk.png OF-5
Lieutenant Colonel

(Подполко́вник)
(Podpolkóvnik)

RAF A F4LtCol since 2010par.svg Russia-Army-OF-4-2010.svg 14podpol.png OF-4
Major

(Майо́р)
(Mayór)

RAF A F3Major since 2010par.svg Russia-Army-OF-3-2010.svg 13mj.png OF-3
Junior officers
or
company grade officers
Captain

(Капита́н)
(Kapitán)

RAF A F2Capt since 2010par.svg Russia-Army-OF-2-2010.svg 12kpt.png OF-2
Senior Lieutenant

(Ста́рший лейтена́нт)
(Stárshiy Leytenánt)

RAF A F1FstLt since 2010par.svg Russia-Army-OF-1c-2010.svg 11stlt.png OF-1
Lieutenant

(Лейтена́нт)
(Leytenánt)

RAF A F1-2Lt since 2010par.svg Russia-Army-OF-1b-2010.svg 10lt.png
Junior Lieutenant

(Мла́дший лейтена́нт)
(Mládshiy Leytenánt)

RAF A F1-3SubLt since 2010par.svg Russia-Army-OF-1a-2010.svg 9mllt.png Acting Officer
Student officers Kursant

(Курсант)
(Kursant)

RAF A F0-Kur since 2010par.svg Russia-Army-OF-(D)-2010.svg RAF A R1Kursant 2010 field.png OF-(D)

Praporshchik and other ranks[edit]

Category Troop ranks Parade uniform insignia Everyday uniform insignia Field uniform insignia NATO equivalent
Praporshchik Senior Ensign
(Ста́рший пра́порщик)
(Starshy praporshchik)
Rank insignia of старший прапорщик of the Soviet Army.svg Russia-Army-OR-9b-2010.svg 8stprp.png OR-9
Ensign
(Пра́порщик)
(Praporshchik)
Rank insignia of прапорщик of the Soviet Army.svg Russia-Army-OR-9a-2010.svg 7prp.png
Sergeants Master Sergeant

(Старшина́)
(Starshina)

Russia-Army-OR-8-2010.svg 6starsh.png
OR-8
Senior Sergeant

(Ста́рший сержа́нт)
(Stárshiy serzhánt)

Russia-Army-OR-6-2010.svg 5stsg.png OR-6
Sergeant

(Сержа́нт)
(Serzhánt)

Russia-Army-OR-5-2010.svg 4sg.png OR-5
Junior Sergeant

(Мла́дший сержа́нт)
(Mládshiy Serzhánt)

Russia-Army-OR-4-2010.svg 3ML.png OR-4
Soldiers and yefréytors Private First Class

(Ефре́йтор)
(Yefréytor)

Russia-Army-OR-2-2010.svg 2efr.png OR-3
Private

(Рядово́й)
(Ryadovóy)

Russia-Army-OR-1-2010.svg 1pvt.png OR-1

Rank titles are sometimes modified due to a particular assignment, branch or status:

  • The ranks of servicemen assigned to a "guards" unit or formation are preceded by the word “guards”;
  • The ranks of servicemen in the legal, medical and veterinary branches are followed by “of justice”, “of the medical service”, and “of the veterinary service”, respectively;
  • The ranks of servicemen in the reserve or retired are followed by “of the reserve” or “in retirement”, respectively;
  • The rank descriptor "of aviation" was officially abolished but is still commonly used.

Rank reform (2008)[edit]

As a result of the 2008-2011 defence reform the Russian Army's 90,000 warrant officer positions have been removed but on February 27, 2013 the expanded board of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation, Russian Defense Minister S. Shoigu announced the return of the warrant officer to the Armed Forces of Russia.[1]

Insignia reform (2010)[edit]

On March 11, 2010, Law No.2010-293 of the President of Russia introduced a new set of rank insignia. Privates, airmen and seamen now wear plain shoulder epaulettes. Senior NCOs had their chevrons replaced by plain bars (small horizontal bars for corporals and sergeants increasing in number with seniority, large horizontal bars for staff sergeants, and vertical bars for master sergeants). These rank badges mirror Imperial Russian Army and 1970s Soviet Army insignia. Warrant officers and officers received new shoulder rank epaulettes and all general officer insignia now reflect service affiliation in the duty dress uniform. The parade dress gold epaulettes have been retained. The insignia for a marshal of the Russian Federation retained the coat of arms of Russia and the marshal's star.

Rank and insignia reform (2013)[edit]

In 2013 the insignia of an army general now include the marshal's star, surmounted by a red star in a wreath. Starting Spring 2013 the Warrant officer ranks of the RGF were reinstated, the first appointments would be given out later that summer.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The rank of marshal of the Russian Federation, the highest in the Russian Army, is not presently held by anyone in the modern armed of the Russian Federation. The only officer to hold the rank is the former Minister of Defense Igor Sergeyev, who was elevated from commander (army general) of the Strategic Rocket Forces. As it stands, marshal of the Russian Federation should be considered an honorary title equivalent to a field marshal, marshal or five-star general in other countries, created in the event of a major war or as the result of extreme military accomplishment (see marshal of the Soviet Union).

References[edit]

External[edit]