Army ranks of the Japanese Empire during World War II
The following tables present the rank insignia of the Imperial Japanese Army before and during World War II. These designs were worn on shoulders as passants (shoulder straps) between the years 1911 and 1938, then on collars afterwards until 1945, when the army was dissolved.
The same officer ranks were used for both the Imperial Japanese Army and Imperial Japanese Navy, the only distinction being the placement of the word Rikugun (army) or Kaigun (navy) before the rank. Thus, for example, a captain in the navy shared the same rank designation as that of a colonel in the army: Taisa (colonel), so the rank of Rikugun Taisa denoted an army colonel, while the rank of Kaigun Taisa denoted a naval captain.
|Imperial Japanese Army ranks||Collar insignia|
|As General, plus enamelled breast badge:
Warrant Officer & Enlisted ranks
|All-forces ranks||Collar insignia|
Jun-i (Associate Officer) (准尉?)
Gochō Kimmu jōtōhei (Senior Soldier acting as Corporal) (伍長勤務上等兵?)
Jōtōhei (Senior Soldier) (上等兵?)
Private 1st Class
Ittōhei (Soldier First Class) (一等兵?)
Nitōhei (Soldier Second Class) (二等兵?)