Arnaut (Ottoman Turkish: آرناﺌود) is a Turkish term used to denote Albanians. In modern Turkish the term is used as Arnavut (pl. Arnavutlar). The term persists in the Turkish word for Albania, Arnavutluk (literally, "the place of the Albanians").
Ottoman mercenary formations were also called Arnauts, though this was a generic name, as the mercenaries were composed of Greeks, Albanians, Bulgarians and Serbs, who served as bodyguards. In the Danubian Principalities, it was also used to denote various mercenary units.
In Ukraine, Albanians who lived in Budzhak and later also settled in the Azov Littoral of Zaporizhia Oblast are also known as Arnauts. The city of Odessa has two streets Great Arnaut Street and Little Arnaut Street.
Surnames derived from the word
- al-Arnaut Arabic: ارناؤوطي, ارناؤوط, ارناوطي
- Arnautović and Arnautić (Serbo-Croatian)
- Arnaudov (Macedonian)
- Arnaoutis (Greek)
- Arnautov or Arnaudov (Bulgarian)
- Arnăutu (Romanian).
- Arnautski (Yiddish)
- Arnaut (Portuguese)
- Arnaut at the Free Dictionary
- Gordon Thomas, History of the Greek revolution, 1844, London & Edinburgh, 2nd edition, volume 1, page 95.
"Included under the generic name of Arnauts, it was recruited from Roumeliote Greeks, Albanians, Bulgarians and Servians, who acted as body-guards to the princes, the great functionaries, and even the simple Boyards."
- Alan W. Fisher, The Russian Annexation of the Crimea 1772-1783, Cambridge University Press, I970, pp. 94, 95.
- Seven ethnographical miracles of Ukraine. Ukrayinska Pravda. May 13, 2014