|Owner:||Dutch East India Company|
|Builder:||Dutch East India Company, Amsterdam|
|Fate:||Wrecked on Saint Brandon Rocks (off Mauritius) on 12 February 1662|
|Class and type:||Dutch East Indiaman|
|Tons burthen:||1,000 tons|
|Sail plan:||Three masts|
The Arnhem was built by the Dutch East India Company (Dutch: Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie or VOC) chamber of Amsterdam at their wharf in 1654. It was named after the city of Arnhem in the Netherlands.
Captained by Pieter Anthoniszoon, the Arnhem was one of seven VOC ships that left Batavia on 23 December 1661, homeward bound via the Cape of Good Hope. The other vessels were the Wapen van Holland, Prins Willem, Vogel Phoenix, Maarsseveen, Prinses Royal and Gekroonde Leeuw.
On 11 February 1662, the fleet was scattered by a violent storm. The Wapen van Holland (920 tons), Gekroonde Leeuw (1,200 tons) and Prins Willem (1,200 tons) disappeared without trace. The following day Arnhem ran aground on the Saint Brandon Rocks (also known as Cargados Carajos), a group of atolls and reefs some 200 kilometres north-east of Mauritius. Volkert Evertsz and other survivors of the wreck came ashore on an islet and are thought to have been the last humans to see live dodos. They survived the three months until their rescue by hunting "goats, birds, tortoises and pigs". 80 survivors of the Arnhem were rescued and brought to Mauritius by the English ship Truroe in May 1662. Seven of the survivors chose not to return with the first rescue ship.
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