Arnhem sheath-tailed bat

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Arnhem sheath-tailed bat
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Chiroptera
Family: Emballonuridae
Genus: Taphozous
Species: T. kapalgensis
Binomial name
Taphozous kapalgensis
McKean & Friend, 1979
Arnham Tomb Bat area.png
Arnhem sheath-tailed bat

The Arnhem sheath-tailed bat,[2] (Taphozous kapalgensis) is a species of sheath-tailed bat in the family Emballonuridae.[3] It is found only in Australia.

Taxonomy and etymology[edit]

It was described as a new species in 1979 by McKean and Friend. The holotype was collected near South Alligator River in the Northern Territory of Australia. Its species name "kapalgensis" means "belonging to Kapalga;" Kapalga is the type locality for the species.[4]

Description[edit]

It has a forearm length of 58.5–61 mm (2.30–2.40 in). Its wingspan is 420 mm (17 in), its tail length is 21.8–22.5 mm (0.86–0.89 in); its ear length is 18.3–21.6 mm (0.72–0.85 in). The holotype weighed 26 g (0.92 oz).[4]

Range and habitat[edit]

It is only known from the Top End of Australia's Northern Territory, though there is evidence that its range may be larger.[1]

Conservation[edit]

As of 2017, it is evaluated as a least-concern species by the IUCN. It meets the criteria for this classification because its population trend is likely stable and no major threats to its existence have been identified. Part of its range consists of protected areas.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Armstrong, K.; Burbidge, A.H.; Milne, D.; Reardon, T.; Woinarsky, J. (2017). "Taphozous kapalgensis". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017: e.T21458A22110830. 
  2. ^ Van Dyke, S. and Strahan, R. (eds.) (2008) The Mammals of Australia, Third Edition, New Holland / Queensland Museum, Brisbane ISBN 978-1-877069-25-3
  3. ^ Simmons, N.B. (2005). "Order Chiroptera". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 383. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  4. ^ a b McKean, J. L.; Friend, G. R. (1979). "Taphozous kapalgensis, a new species of Sheath-tailed bat from the Northern Territory, Australia". The Victorian Naturalist. 96: 239–241.