Arno Atoll

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Arno Atoll
ArnoAtoll ASTER 2002jul25.jpg
NASA picture of Arno Atoll
Arno Atoll is located in Marshall Islands
Arno Atoll
Arno Atoll
Location in the Marshall Islands
Geography
LocationNorth Pacific
Coordinates7°05′N 171°42′E / 7.083°N 171.700°E / 7.083; 171.700
ArchipelagoRatak
Total islands133
Area13.0 km2 (5.0 sq mi)
Highest elevation3 m (10 ft)
Administration
Marshall Islands
Demographics
Population1794 (2011)
Ethnic groupsMarshallese

Arno Atoll (Marshallese: Arņo, [ɑ̯ɑɳˠːʌ͡ɔɔ̯][1]) is a coral atoll of 133 islands in the Pacific Ocean, and forms a legislative district of the Ratak Chain of the Marshall Islands. Its total land area is only 5 square miles (13 km2). Unlike most other atolls, Arno encloses three different lagoons, a large central one, and two smaller ones in the north and east. Its main lagoon encloses an area of 130.77 square miles (338.7 km2). At a distance of only 20 kilometres (12 mi), it is the closest atoll to the Marshall Islands capital, Majuro Atoll, and can be seen looking east from Majuro on a clear day at low tide. The population of Arno Atoll was 1,794 at the 2011 census. The most populous islets are Ajeltokrok, Kobjeltak, Rearlaplap, Langor and Tutu. The largest village is Ine, Arno.

People of Arno are well known for their productivity in making copra (the dried out meat of coconuts, from which coconut oil is extracted). Arno women are renowned for their production of the Kili Bag, a popular handwoven handbag/purse, named after another island in the Marshall Islands (to which the people of Bikini were eventually relocated as a result of the US nuclear tests that were conducted on their home atoll). Arno supposedly had a traditional "love school".

History[edit]

Arno Atoll was claimed by the Empire of Germany along with the rest of the Marshall Islands in 1884. After World War I, the island came under the South Pacific Mandate of the Empire of Japan. Following the end of World War II, Arno Atoll came under the control of the United States as part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. The island has been part of the independent Republic of the Marshall Islands since 1986.

Education[edit]

Marshall Islands Public School System operates public schools:[2]

  • Arno Elementary School
  • Bikarej Elementary School
  • Ine Elementary School
  • Jabo Elementary School
  • Kilange Elementary School
  • Longar Elementary School
  • Lukoj Elementary School
  • Matolen Elementary School
  • Tinak Elementary School
  • Tutu Elementary School
  • Ulien Elementary School

Marshall Islands High School on Majuro serves the community.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Marshallese-English Dictionary - Place Name Index Archived October 29, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "Public Schools Archived 2018-02-21 at the Wayback Machine." Marshall Islands Public School System. Retrieved on February 21, 2018.
  3. ^ "Annual Report 2011-2012." Ministry of Education (Marshall Islands). Retrieved on February 22, 2018. p. 54 (PDF p. 55/118). "Marshall Islands High Schools [sic] takes students from Ratak Rak zone including schools in Majuro, Arno, Mili, and Enewetak/Mejatto."

External links[edit]