Arno Babajanian

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Arno Babajanian
Առնո Բաբաջանյան

PAU
Arno Babajanyan 2.JPG
Background information
Born (1921-01-22)January 22, 1921
Yerevan, Armenia
Died November 11, 1983(1983-11-11) (aged 62)
Moscow, Soviet Union
Occupation(s) Composer, pianist
Years active 1952-1983

Arno Babajanian (Armenian: Առնո Բաբաջանյան) (January 22, 1921 – November 11, 1983) was an Armenian composer and pianist during the Soviet era.

Biography[edit]

Babajanian was born in Yerevan, Armenia. By age 5, his musical talent was apparent, and the composer Aram Khachaturian suggested that the boy be given proper music training. Two years later, in 1928 at the age of 7, Babajanian entered the Yerevan State Musical Conservatory. In 1938, he continued his studies in Moscow with Vissarion Shebalin.

He later returned to Yerevan, where from 1950–1956 he taught at the conservatory. It was during this period (1952) that he wrote the Piano Trio in f# sharp minor. It received immediate acclaim and was regarded as a masterpiece from the time of its premiere. Subsequently, he undertook concert tours throughout the Soviet Union and Europe. In 1971, he was named a People’s Artist of the Soviet Union.

As a composer, Babajanian was active in most genres and even wrote many popular songs in collaboration with the leading poets such as Yevgeny Yevtushenko and Robert Rozhdestvensky among others. Much of Babajanian’s music is rooted in Armenian folk music and folklore. But generally, the way in which he uses Armenian folk music is in the virtuosic style of Rachmaninov and Khachaturian. His later works were influenced by Prokofiev and Bartók. Praised by Dmitri Shostakovich as a "brilliant piano teacher", Babajanian was also a noted pianist and often performed his own works in concerts.

List of principal works[edit]

Piano works[edit]

for piano solo[edit]

  • Prelude (1938?)
  • Vagharshapat dance (1943)
  • Impromptu (1944)
  • Polyphonic sonata (1946, revised 1956)
  • Capriccio (1951)
  • Six pictures (1963-64)
  • Poem (1965)
  • Meditation (1969?)
  • Melody and Humoresque (1970)
  • Elegy (1978)

for two pianos[edit]

(co-composed by Alexander Arutiunian)

  • Dance (early 1940s)
  • Armenian Rhapsody (1950)
  • Festive (1960, includes percussive instruments)

Works for solo instrument and piano[edit]

  • Violin sonata (1958)
  • Air and Dance for Cello (1961)

Chamber works[edit]

  • String quartet № 1 (1938)
  • String quartet № 2 (1947?)
  • Piano trio (1952)
  • String quartet № 3 (1976)

Orchestral works[edit]

  • Poem-rhapsody (1954, revised 1980)
  • March of the Soviet Police (1977)

Concerto[edit]

  • Piano concerto (1944)
  • Violin concerto (1948)
  • "Heroic ballade" for piano and orchestra (1950)
  • Cello concerto (1962)

Ballet pieces[edit]

  • "Parvana" (Парвана) (1954-56; incomplete, probably lost)
  • Pas-de-deux (Па-де-де)
  • "Stellar symphony" (Звездная симфония) (early 1960s)
  • "Umbrellas" (Зонтики)
  • "Sensation" (Сенсация)

Pieces for stage orchestra[edit]

  • Armenian Lipsi
  • Rhythmic dance
  • In Karlovy Vary
  • Come to Yerevan
  • Festive Yerevan
  • Nocturne (Concert piece for piano and orchestra) (1980)
  • Dreams (Concert piece for piano and orchestra) (1982)

Film scores[edit]

  • Looking for the addressee (В поисках адресата) (1955)
  • Path of thunder (Тропою грома) (1956)
  • Personally known (Лично известен) (1957)
  • Song of the first love (Песня первой любви) (1958)
  • Groom from another world (Жених с того света) (1958)
  • Bride from the North (Невеста с севера) (1975)
  • My heart is in the Highlands (В горах мое сердце) (1975)
  • Baghdasar's divorce (Багдасар разводится с женой) (1976)
  • Chef contest (Приехали на конкурс повара) (1977)
  • The flight starts from the Earth (Полет начинается с земли) (1980)
  • The mechanics of happiness (Механика счастья) (1982)

Songs (over 200 in total; selection)[edit]

  • "Nocturne" ("Ноктюрн")
  • "Give me my music back" (""Верни мне музыку")
  • "Beauty queen" ("Королева красоты")
  • "Wedding" ("Свадьба")
  • "Best city in the world" ("Лучший город Земли"), originally performed by Jean Tatlian and made a classic by Muslim Magomaev[1]
  • "Grateful to you" ("Благодарю тебя")
  • "The devil's wheel" ("Чертово колесо")
  • "Heart on snow" ("Сердце на снегу")
  • "The blue taiga" ("Голубая тайга")
  • "Dum spiro, spero" (Пока я помню, я живу)

Honors, prizes and medals[edit]

A minor planet, 9017 Babadzhanyan, was named after him.[3]

Legacy[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Artemy Troitsky. Артемий Троицкий о песнях о Москве [Artemy Troitsky on the songs about Moscow]. Cosmopolitan (in Russian) (September 2010). 
  2. ^ "Arno Babajanian". Retrieved 15 November 2012. 
  3. ^ Schmadel, Lutz D. (2003). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names (5th ed.). New York: Springer Verlag. p. 675. ISBN 3-540-00238-3. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Arno Babajanian at Wikimedia Commons