Arnold Kegel

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Arnold H. Kegel
BornFebruary 1894 (1894-02)
[[Lennox, South Dakota[1]]]
Died1972 (aged 77–78) or 1976 (aged 81–82)
Alma materLoyola Univ. Chicago (M.D.)
Dubuque Presbyterian (B.A.)
Known forKegel exercise
Scientific career
InstitutionsKeck School of Medicine of USC

Arnold Henry Kegel /ˈkɡəl/ (born February 1894; death date variously reported as 1972;[2] March 1, 1972;[3] and 1976)[4] was an American gynecologist who invented the Kegel perineometer (an instrument for measuring the strength of voluntary contractions of the pelvic floor muscles) and Kegel exercises (squeezing of the muscles of the pelvic floor) as non-surgical treatment of genital relaxation. Today pelvic floor exercises are widely held as first-line treatment for urinary stress incontinence and any type of female incontinence[5][needs update] and female genital prolapse,[6] with evidence supporting its use from systematic reviews of randomized trials in the Cochrane Library amongst others. Kegel first published his ideas in 1948.[7] He was Assistant Professor of Gynecology at the Keck School of Medicine of USC.[8]


  1. ^ 1915 Iowa Census,1949 Michigan marriage license
  2. ^ Center for International Rehabilitation Research Information and Exchange (CIRRIE), University at Buffalo, State University of New York, "Exercise", International Encyclopedia of Rehabilitation, retrieved 2016-04-19.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. ^ Find-A-Grave, Arnold Henry Kegel, buried in Forest Lawn Memorial Park (Hollywood Hills), Los Angeles, California, retrieved 2016-04-19.
  4. ^ Elsevier, Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary, Elsevier.
  5. ^ Dumoulin, C; Hay-Smith, EJ (14 May 2014). "Pelvic floor muscle training versus no treatment, or inactive control treatments, for urinary incontinence in women". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (5): CD005654. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD005654.pub3. PMID 24823491.
  6. ^ Hagen, S; Stark, D (7 December 2011). "Conservative prevention and management of pelvic organ prolapse in women". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (12): CD003882. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD003882.pub4. PMID 22161382.
  7. ^ Kegel AH (1948). "The nonsurgical treatment of genital relaxation; use of the perineometer as an aid in restoring anatomic and functional structure". Ann West Med Surg. 2 (5): 213–6. PMID 18860416.
  8. ^ "Do the Kegel - Dr Arnold Kegel". Archived from the original on 26 October 2010. Retrieved 11 October 2010.