Arnold Kegel

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Arnold H. Kegel
Born 1894 (1894)
Lansing, Iowa
Nationality American
Fields Gynecology
Institutions Keck School of Medicine of USC
Alma mater Loyola Univ. Chicago (M.D.)
Dubuque Presbyterian (B.A.)
Known for Kegel exercise

Arnold Henry Kegel /ˈkɡəl/ (born February 1894; death date variously reported as 1972;[1] March 1, 1972;[2] 1976;[3] and 1981[citation needed]) was an American gynecologist who invented the Kegel perineometer (an instrument for measuring the strength of voluntary contractions of the pelvic floor muscles) and Kegel exercises (squeezing of the muscles of the pelvic floor) as non-surgical treatment of genital relaxation. Today pelvic floor exercises are widely held as first-line treatment for urinary stress incontinence[4][needs update] and female genital prolapse,[5][needs update] with evidence supporting its use from systematic reviews of randomized trials in the Cochrane Library amongst others. Kegel first published his ideas in 1948.[6] He was Assistant Professor of Gynecology at the Keck School of Medicine of USC.[7]


  1. ^ Center for International Rehabilitation Research Information and Exchange (CIRRIE), University at Buffalo, State University of New York, "Exercise", International Encyclopedia of Rehabilitation, retrieved 2016-04-19. 
  2. ^ Find-A-Grave, Arnold Henry Kegel, buried in Forest Lawn Memorial Park (Hollywood Hills), Los Angeles, California, retrieved 2016-04-19. 
  3. ^ Elsevier, Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary, Elsevier. 
  4. ^ Hay-Smith EJ, Dumoulin C (2006). "Pelvic floor muscle training versus no treatment, or inactive control treatments, for urinary incontinence in women". Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online) (1): CD005654. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD005654. PMID 16437536. 
  5. ^ Hagen S, Stark D, Maher C, Adams E (2006). "Conservative management of pelvic organ prolapse in women". Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online) (4): CD003882. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD003882.pub3. PMID 17054190. 
  6. ^ Kegel AH (1948). "The nonsurgical treatment of genital relaxation; use of the perineometer as an aid in restoring anatomic and functional structure". Ann West Med Surg. 2 (5): 213–6. PMID 18860416. 
  7. ^ "Do the Kegel - Dr Arnold Kegel". Archived from the original on 26 October 2010. Retrieved 11 October 2010.