Arnold Stark Lobel|
May 22, 1933
Los Angeles, California
December 4, 1987
|Cause of death||Cardiac arrest as a complication of AIDS|
|Genre||Children's picture books|
Caldecott Medal |
|Children||Adrianne Lobel, Adam Lobel|
Arnold Stark Lobel (May 22, 1933 – December 4, 1987) was an American author of children's books, including the Frog and Toad series and Mouse Soup. He both wrote and illustrated those picture books, as well as Fables, for which he won the 1981 Caldecott Medal recognizing the year's best-illustrated U.S. picture book.
Lobel was born in Los Angeles, California, to Lucille Stark and Joseph Lobel, but was raised in Schenectady, New York. Lobel's childhood was not a happy one, as he was frequently bullied, but he did love reading picture books at his local library. He attended the Pratt Institute in Brooklyn. In 1955, after he graduated, he married Anita Kempler, also a children's writer and illustrator who he'd met while in art school. The two worked in the same studio and collaborated on several books together. They had two children: daughter Adrianne and son Adam Lobel, and three grandchildren
Following college, Lobel was unable to support himself as a children's book author or illustrator and so he worked in advertising and trade magazines, which he did not like.
Writing & illustrating
Lobel loved his work, saying "I cannot think of any work that could be more agreeable and fun than making books for children" and described his job as a daydreamer.
Lobel began drawing during a period of extended illness as a second grader. His professional career began during the 1960s, writing and illustrating "conventional" easy readers and fables. His style could be described as minimalist and frequently had animals as the subject matter. Lobel used animals as characters because he felt it helped with the suspension of disbelief. Joseph Stanton writing in the Journal of American Culture argues that Lobel's style was "timid" before Lobel started writing easy readers.
His second book, A Holiday for Mister Muster and perhaps more were inspired by the Prospect Park Zoo which the Lobel's lived across the street from. Cartoons his children watched were also an inspiration as were popular television shows like Bewitched and The Carol Burnett Show.
Lobel's chosen vocabulary, subject matter, and writing style helped to re-conceive what an early reader book could be. Lobel identified the exploration of his own feelings as a reason that he improved as a writer. In a 1977 interview with The Lion and the Unicorn Lobel discussed the ways he would work through his emotions through his emotions while still maintaining his children's audience. This was part of Lobel's belief that adult and children emotions were more similar than different. His work was described as "sunny, warm, even cosy." Despite this, the process of writing was "painful" for Lobel, who was far more inclined to want to illustrate than write and only started writing because of the increased royalties. As late as 1983, Lobel felt he was beginning to trust his instincts as a writer.
Lobel's writing and illustrations went through several phases in his career. His early works had a broad humor often in verse, a style that he would return to at other points in his career. In the 1970's Lobel's illustrations shifted from primary colors to a broader spectrum of pastel colors. The solitary individual, whether played seriously or for comic relief was common in Lobel's work, as were two people who were complementary. Lobel's illustrations served to visualize the rhythm and emotions of the text in a way that could be "cinematic."
Frog and Toad series
Comprising four books, the Frog and Toad series tells tales of the two eponymous friends. Lobel felt his personality was reflected in the two characters, saying "Frog and Toad are really two aspects of myself." The marked contrast between the "adventurous" Frog and the "bumbling" Toad is part of what made their relationship believable and endearing. His daughter Anna has suggested that the friendship between the two characters was really a beginning of Lobel's own coming out, though this connection is not something Lobel publicly discussed. The strong friendship between Frog and Toad has been identified as an important reason for their success with children as was their "vaudevillian" relationship.
The book Fables is composed of approximately 20 fables featuring animal protagonists. The book was praised for its ability to combine a cheerful (rather than moralistic tone) with an actual moral at the end of each story. It received the Caldecott Medal for its illustrations in 1981, Lobel's first win and third overall recognition.
Lobel is among a small group of people who have been honored as both an author and illustrator for the Newbery and Caldecott medals. Lobel won the 1981 Caldecott from the American Library Association, recognizing Fables as the year's best-illustrated U.S. children's picture book. His work won the Caldecott Honor in 1971 and 1972 for Frog and Toad are Friends and Hildilid's Night. He won a Newbery Honor Award in 1973 for Frog and Toad Together (1972). He won the Garden State Children's Book Award from the New Jersey Library Association for Mouse Soup (1977). He was also recognized by the National Education Association, the American Library Association, the Boys’ Club, the Society of Children’s Book Writers, and the Laura Ingalls Wilder Foundation.
- "Arnold (Stark) Lobel Biography from Dictionary of Literary Biography on Arnold (Stark) Lobel". www.bookrags.com. Bookrags. Retrieved 8 February 2015.
- Stout, Hilary. "Arnold Lobel, Author-Illustrator". New York Times. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
- Silvers, Emma (22 November 2013). "Frog and Toad and the World of Arnold Lobel". Jewish News of Northern California. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
- "Arnold Lobel". Parent's Choice. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
- Serafin, Steven R. "LOBEL, Arnold." Continuum Encyclopedia of Children's Literature, Letter L, pp. 494-496. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=lkh&AN=18766042&site=lrc-plus.
- Hearn, Michael Patrick (10 January 1988). "ARNOLD LOBEL AN APPRECIATION". Washington Post. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
- Stokes, Colin. ""Frog and Toad": An Amphibious Celebration of Same-Sex Love". The New Yorker. New Yorker. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
- "Arnold Lobel, 54, author, illustrator" (Google News Archive), Ocala Star-Banner, p. 5B, December 8, 1987, retrieved January 15, 2012
- "It has name: AIDS" (Google News Archive), Rome News-Tribune, Associated Press, January 7, 1990, retrieved January 15, 2012
- Stout, Hilary (December 6, 1987), "Arnold Lobel, Author-Illustrator", The New York Times
- Rollin, L. Child Lit Educ (1984) 15: 191. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01137182
- Stanton, Joseph. "Straight Man and Clown in the Picture Books of Arnold Lobel." Journal of American Culture (01911813), vol. 17, no. 2, Summer94, p. 75. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=lkh&AN=9501161852&site=lrc-plus.
- "Meet the Author/Illustrator Arnold Lobel". Reading Corner. Houghton Mifflin. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
- "Arnold Lobel". Groiler Multimedia Encyclopedia.
- Natov, Roni & Deluca, Geraldine. "An Interview with Arnold Lobel." The Lion and the Unicorn, vol. 1 no. 1, 1977, pp. 72-96. Project MUSE, doi:10.1353/uni.0.0119
- Williams, Tyrone (Jan 2007). "Arnold Lobel" (1-1). Guide to Literary Masters & Their Works.
- Shannon, George. "Writing the Empty Cup: Rhythm and Sound as Content." Children's Literature, vol. 19, 1991, pp. 138-147. Project MUSE, doi:10.1353/chl.0.0452
- Bader, Barbara. "Five Gay Picture–Book Prodigies and the Difference They've Made." Horn Book Magazine, vol. 91, no. 2, Mar/Apr2015, pp. 24-32. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=lkh&AN=101206868&site=lrc-plus.
- Russell, David L."The Important Books: Children's Picture Books as Art and Literature (review)." The Lion and the Unicorn, vol. 30 no. 2, 2006, pp. 280-283. Project MUSE, doi:10.1353/uni.2006.0025
- "Caldecott Medal & Honor Books, 1938-Present". www.ala.org. American Library Association. Retrieved 8 February 2015.
- "Newbery Medal and Honor Books, 1922-Present | Association for Library Service to Children (ALSC)". www.ala.org. Retrieved 2016-01-19.
- Shannon, George. Arnold Lobel. Boston: Twayne, 1989.