Arnold Rice Rich

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Dr Arnold Rice Rich
Arnold Rice Rich.jpg
Born(1893-03-28)March 28, 1893
DiedApril 17, 1968(1968-04-17) (aged 75)
CitizenshipUnited States of America
Alma mater
Known forRich focus, Hamman-Rich syndrome
Scientific career

Arnold Rice Rich (28 March 1893 – 17 April 1968) was an American pathologist.


Born March 28, 1893 in Birmingham, Alabama, Rich attended the University of Virginia, majoring in biology, and then the Johns Hopkins Medical School in Baltimore, Maryland from which he received his M.D. degree in 1919. He remained associated with Hopkins the rest of his career. He was appointed Chairman of the Department of Pathology and pathologist-in-chief of the Johns Hopkins Hospital in 1944, until he retired in 1958.


Rich had broad interests in medicine. Among his many contributions, he classified jaundice, helped understand the formation of bile pigment, studied the relationship between hypersensitivity and immunity, especially in tuberculosis (on which he was one of the reigning experts) and discovered the phagocytic function of the Gaucher cell, the hallmark of Gaucher's disease.

A number of diseases or conditions are named after Rich, including:

Personal life[edit]

Rich was Jewish.[1] In 1925 he married the pianist and composer Helen Jones. They had two daughters: the poet Adrienne Rich (1929-2012 ) and the writer Cynthia Rich (1933- ). Arnold Rice Rich died April 17, 1968 in Baltimore, Maryland.


  1. ^ Langdell, Cheri Colby (2004). Adrienne Rich: the moment of change. Greenwood Publishing Group, Incorporated. p. 20. ISBN 9780313316050.

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