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Arnold von Harff

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Page of Arnold von Harff's book, with the Breton-low German vocabulary with a drawing of the way Nantes people were dressed

Arnold von Harff (1471 in Castell Harff, Bedburg – January 1505) was a 15th-century German traveler from Köln. He went on pilgrimage to many countries, collecting both languages and cultural information. He wrote about a number of languages during his travels (1496-1499): Breton, Turkish, Basque, Hebrew, Arabic, Albanian, Hungarian, Syriac, Amharic, and Armenian.


  • Émile Ernault [Wikidata], Le breton d'Arnold von Harff, H. Champion, 1911
  • Malcolm Henry Ikin Letts, Eberhard von Groote, The Pilgrimage of Arnold von Harff, knight: from Cologne through Italy, Syria, Egypt, Arabia, Ethiopia, Nubia, Palestine, Turkey, France, and Spain, which he accomplished in the years 1496 to 1499, Hakluyt Society, 1946
  • "Le breton d'Arnold Von Harff", Celticum, Nnn 22, 1975
  • "Aux origines du breton: Le glossaire vannetais du Chevalier Arnold von Harff, voyageur allemand du XVème siècle", Ogam-Celticum, 1984, 26, Christian-J. Guyonvarc'h
  • "La ville chez Arnold Von Harff", by Annie Faugère in La Ville: du réel à l'imaginaire : actes du colloque de Rouen, 8-10 novembre 1988, volume 162 of Publications de l'Université de Rouen, ISBN 2-87775-020-5