Arnold von Harff

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Page of Arnold von Harff's book, with the Breton-low German vocabulary with a drawing of the way Nantes people were dressed

Arnold von Harff (1471 in Castell Harff, Bedburg – January 1505) was a German traveler from the 15th century, from Köln. Von Harff went on pilgrimage to many countries, collecting both languages and cultural information. He wrote about several languages during his travels (1496-1499) : Breton, Croatian language, Turkish, Basque language), Hebrew language, Arabic, Albanian language, Hungarian language, Syriac language, Amharic language, and Armenian language.


  • Émile Ernault, Le Breton d'Arnold von Harff, H. Champion, 1911
  • Malcolm Henry Ikin Letts, Eberhard von Groote, The pilgrimage of Arnold von Harff, knight: from Cologne through Italy, Syria, Egypt, Arabia, Ethiopia, Nubia, Palestine, Turkey, France, and Spain, which he accomplished in the years 1496 to 1499, Hakluyt Society, 1946, 2 volumes
  • "Le breton d'Arnold Von Harff", Celticum, Nnn 22, 1975
  • "Aux origines du breton: Le glossaire vannetais du Chevalier Arnold von Harff, voyageur allemand du XVème siècle", Ogam-Celticum, 1984, 26, Christian-J Guyonvarc'h
  • "La vile chez Arnold Von Harff", by Annie Faugère in La Ville: du réel à l'imaginaire : actes du colloque de Rouen, 8-10 novembre 1988, volume 162 of Publications de l'Université de Rouen, ISBN 2-87775-020-5