Arnoldus Montanus

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Arnoldus Montanus, 1680, Ambassades Mémorables de la Compagnie des Indes Orientales des Provinces unies, vers les Empereurs du Japon.
"The rich carriage of Taikōsama (court) lady-in-waiting", a picture from Montanus' richly illustrated 1669 book about Japan. Some modern historians, however, expressed doubts as to whether the members of the Dutch really saw a Japanese court lady in such a vehicle.[1]

Arnoldus Montanus (c. 1625–1683) was a Dutch teacher and author. He published books on theology, history, and geography of both the Netherlands and far-away countries.

Montanus, a Latinized form of van den Berg or van Bergen, was born in Amsterdam and studied theology at Leiden University. He became a minister in Schellingwoude in 1653 and in Schoonhoven in 1667, where he also became headmaster of the Latin School. He died in Schoonhoven.

His most famous book is De Nieuwe en Onbekende Weereld.


  • 1669 – Gedenkwaerdige Gesantschappen der Oost-Indische Maetschappy in't Vereenigde Nederland, aen de Kaisaren van Japan. Getrokken uit de Geschriften en Reiseaentekeninge der zelver Gesanten, Amsterdam, Jacob Meurs. (1670 English translation, Atlas Japannensis being remarkable addresses by way of Embassy from the East India Company of the United Provinces, to the Emperor of Japan, Thomas Johnson, pub., and 1673 French, Ambassades mémorables de la Compagnie, Amsterdam, Jacob Meurs)
  • 1671 – De Nieuwe en Onbekende Weereld: of beschryving van America en 't Zuid-Land, Amsterdam, Jacob Meurs[2] (The New and Unknown World: or Description of America and the Southland, Containing the Origin of the Americans and South-landers, remarkable voyages thither, Quality of the Shores, Islands, Cities, Fortresses, Towns, Temples, Mountains, Sources, Rivers, Houses, the nature of Beasts, Trees, Plants and foreign Crops, Religion and Manners, Miraculous Occurrences, Old and New Wars: Adorned with Illustrations drawn from the life in America, and described by Arnoldus Montanus),[3] and 1673 German translation, Die Unbekante Neue Welt, Amsterdam, Jacob Meurs
  • 1671 (English edition) – Atlas Chinensis: Being a relation of remarkable passages in two embassies from the East-India Company of the United Provinces to the Vice-Roy Singlamong, General Taising Lipovi, and Konchi, Emperor, Thomas Johnson, pub.


  1. ^ Lach, Donald F.; Van Kley, Edwin J. (1994), Asia in the Making of Europe, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, ISBN 978-0-226-46734-4. Volume III, "A Century of Advance", Book Four, "East Asia". Plate 399.
  2. ^ Facsimile of original 1671 manuscript
  3. ^ Montanus, Arnoldus (1671). The New and Unknown World: or Description of America and the Southland. World Digital Library. Retrieved 27 March 2014.

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