Coordinates: 51°26′57″N 2°35′50″W / 51.4492°N 2.5972°W / 51.4492; -2.5972
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The Arnolfini
Arnolfini is located in Bristol
Location map for Arnolfini
LocationBristol, England, UK
Coordinates51°26′57″N 2°35′50″W / 51.4492°N 2.5972°W / 51.4492; -2.5972
TypeArt Gallery, Performance Arts, Cinema
Visitors500,000 (2013/2014)[1][2]

Arnolfini is an international arts centre and gallery in Bristol, England. It has a programme of contemporary art exhibitions, artist's performance, music and dance events, poetry and book readings, talks, lectures and cinema. There is also a specialist art bookshop and a café bar. Educational activities are undertaken and experimental digital media work supported by online resources. Festivals are hosted by the gallery.

The gallery was founded in 1961 by Jeremy Rees, and was located in Clifton. In the 1970s it moved to Queen Square, before moving to its present location, Bush House on Bristol's waterfront, in 1975. The name of the gallery is taken from Jan van Eyck's 15th-century painting The Arnolfini Portrait. Arnolfini was refurbished and redeveloped in 1989 and 2005. Artists whose work has been exhibited include Bridget Riley, Rachel Whiteread, Richard Long and Jack Yeats. Performers have included Goat Island Performance Group, the Philip Glass Ensemble, and Shobana Jeyasingh Dance Company. The gallery reached a new audience in April 2010, when it was chosen to host one of the three 2010 general election debates.


Jeremy Rees started Arnolfini with the assistance of his wife Annabel, and the painter John Orsborn in 1961. The location was above a bookshop in the Triangle in Clifton, Bristol. In 1968, Rees was able to give up his teaching job and with the aid of private funding and Arts Council funding relocated the gallery to Queen Square, then to W Shed, later the home of the Watershed Media Centre. In 1975, Arnolfini moved to its present home in Bush House, occupying two floors of a 19th-century Grade II* listed tea warehouse situated on the side of the Floating Harbour in Bristol city centre. The remainder of the building was office space leased out by developers JT Group.[3][4][5]

The architect of Bush House was Richard Shackleton Pope, who constructed first the south part of the warehouse (1831) then extended it to the north in 1835–1836. Its original use was as a warehouse for local iron foundry D., E. & A. Acraman. The building has a Pennant Sandstone exterior with arched ground level entrances and arched windows above. This style of architecture is the first example of the Bristol Byzantine style which became popular in the 1850s. Later conversion to a tea warehouse added interstitial floors.[6]

Originally dedicated to exhibiting the work of artists from the West of England, under the directorship of Barry Barker (1986–1991)[7] the gallery moved towards a more general spread of contemporary art. Barker supervised a refurbishment of the gallery spaces and café bar by David Chipperfield. Before development work began, Arnolfini was attracting over 285,000 visitors per year.[3] Subsequent Directors have been Tessa Jackson (1991–1999),[8] Caroline Collier (1999–2005)[9] and Tom Trevor (2005-2013).

As part of a two-year development project that finished in September 2005,[10][11] the old warehouse has been redeveloped, adding another attic storey. Arnolfini now occupies the lower three floors and basement, and the upper floors are leased to help pay for the running costs.[12] One tenant is the School of Creative Arts, part of the University of the West of England.[13] Funding for this development was received from the National Lottery and the Barker-Mill Trust, set up by long term Arnolfini patron Peter Barker-Mill.[14][15] The original committee to support Arnolfini included Peter Barker-Mill, Ann Hewer, and Lawrence Ogilvie.[16]

In July 2015, Bush House was sold to the University of the West of England, with a lease-back of the artistic space. The profits from the sale replenished Arnolfini's endowment fund.[17]


Records of Arnolfini, including a collection of artist books, are held at Bristol Archives (Ref. 44371) (online catalogue).


John Cabot's statue outside the Arnolfini

The Arnolfini is named after Jan van Eyck's masterpiece The Arnolfini Portrait (1434) depicting the merchant and arts patron Giovanni Arnolfini. The Arnolfini Portrait is one of the earliest paintings to assert the presence of the artist within its depiction (an inscription in the middle of the work and a reflection in a mirror on the back wall) and one of Arnolfini's consistent concerns: to explore the role of artist as a witness and recorder of what is around them – contemporary society. The painting is in the National Gallery, London and it was one of the founder's favourite paintings.[3][18]


Arnolfini has three floors of galleries, a specialist arts bookshop, a cinema which can also be used as a performance space for theatre, live art, dance and music, a reading room that provides reference material for all past exhibitions, books and catalogues, and a café bar. Entrance to the galleries is free of charge. Notable exhibitions have included works by Bridget Riley, Richard Long, Rachel Whiteread, Paul McCartney, Angus Fairhurst and Louise Bourgeois.[19] Events include poetry and film festivals, live art and dance performances, lectures and jazz and experimental music concerts, including Bodies in Flight, Goat Island Performance Group, Akram Khan, the London Sinfonietta, the Philip Glass Ensemble, Random Dance, and Shobana Jeyasingh Dance Company.[18]

There is an access and education programme, hosting visits from students, workshops with artists, presenting interpretative information and offering some work experience placements within the gallery.[20] project.ARNOLFINI is an online experimental web site with dumps of digital media related to Arnolfini exhibitions and events, past and present, which may be reorganised by any online user, utilising resources on the web site to create new works and projects under a copyleft license.[21] [22] Arnolfini also hosts events from outside organisations, including the Encounters Short Film Festival (along with the Watershed Media Centre),[23] Mayfest,[24] the first Festival of British Independent Cinema,[25] the biennial Inbetween Time Festival of Live Art and Intrigue[26] and the Bristol Artists Book Events.[27] In April 2010, British Sky Broadcasting chose Arnolfini to host the second of the three 2010 general election debates.[18]

Arnolfini receives funding from Arts Council England,[28] and Bristol City Council.[29] According to returns lodged with the Charity Commission for the year ending in March 2016, Arnolfini had 500,000 visitors in 2013/2014.[1] Income was £2.1 million and expenditure was £2.7 million[30] and the gallery employed 44 people.[31]

In 2017 the Arnolfini, which had asked for increased funding in recent years, will be losing its Arts Council England £750,000 annual grant after an assessment that the Arnolfini was "not viable" in its current model.[32][33]

In 2017 a new director, Claire Doherty, was appointed. She aimed to devise a viable financial model. A show by Grayson Perry drew in more than 300 visitors a day.[34]

In 2023, Arnolfini faced backlash after cancelling two Palestinian film events over concerns they would be construed as political.[35][36]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Arts Council England NPO Announcement" (PDF). Arnolfini. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 August 2014. Retrieved 14 September 2017.
  2. ^ "Arnolfini Bristol : Architecture Information + Images". e-architect. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
  3. ^ a b c Hedley, Gill (May 2007). "Rees, Jeremy Martin". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
  4. ^ "Bush House". Retrieved 25 April 2010.
  5. ^ "Arnolfini Arts Centre Conversion". Looking at Buildings. Pevsner Architectural Guides. Archived from the original on 1 May 2005. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
  6. ^ "Bush House". Looking at Buildings. Pevsner Architectural Guides. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 19 May 2007.
  7. ^ "Barry Barker: Biography". Centre for Research and Development. University of Brighton, Faculty of Arts. Archived from the original on 8 May 2010. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
  8. ^ "Tessa Jackson". Iniva. Archived from the original on 15 July 2010. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
  9. ^ "Senior Tate Staff". Tate. Archived from the original on 22 March 2010. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
  10. ^ Lane, Thomas (2005). "The Arnolfini wedding". Building. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
  11. ^ "Arnolfini Gallery". Arup. Archived from the original on 7 June 2008. Retrieved 31 December 2008.
  12. ^ Gregory, Rob (August 2005). "New Order". The Architectural Review. 218: 20–21. ISSN 0003-861X. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
  13. ^ "UWE launches new space for start-up businesses". University of the West of England. 23 February 2009. Archived from the original on 11 March 2010. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
  14. ^ Marsh, Suzannah (28 September 2001). "Arnolfini's lottery win aids Euro culture bid". Bristol Evening Post, archived at LexisNexis. Bristol News and Media. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
  15. ^ Rees, Jeremy (25 June 1994). "Obituary: Peter Barker-Mill". The Independent, archived at LexisNexis. London: Newspaper Publishing. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
  16. ^ Arnolfini archives
  17. ^ "Annual Report and Financial Statements - 31 March 2016" (PDF). Arnolfini Gallery Limited. 19 December 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 January 2019. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
  18. ^ a b c "Sky News Debate at Arnolfini". Arnolfini. Archived from the original on 26 April 2010. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
  19. ^ "History". Arnolfini. Archived from the original on 14 August 2011. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
  20. ^ "Interaction". Arnolfini. Archived from the original on 6 April 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
  21. ^ "project.ARNOLFINI". Arnolfini. Archived from the original on 1 February 2010. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
  22. ^ "Arnolfini". Intute. Intute consortium. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
  23. ^ "encounters short film festival". Archived from the original on 27 December 2009. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
  24. ^ "Mayfest 2010 Brochure". Archived from the original on 2 June 2010. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
  25. ^ "British Avant Garde Film Poster Art 1966–85". Retrieved 25 April 2010.
  26. ^ "The Australia-UK connection". RealTime Arts. April–May 2006. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
  27. ^ "BABE: Bristol Artist's Book Event at Arnolfini". CFPR Book Arts. Archived from the original on 28 July 2011. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
  28. ^ "Arnolfini". Arts Council England. Archived from the original on 13 June 2011. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
  29. ^ "Arts – information and advice: Key Arts Providers". Bristol City Council. Archived from the original on 31 December 2010. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
  30. ^ Grant Thornton Accountants. "Annual Report and Financial Statements for the year ended 31 March 2016". The Charity Commission. Retrieved 14 September 2017.
  31. ^ "Charity overview: Arnolfini Gallery Limited". The Charity Commission. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
  32. ^ Pickford, James (27 June 2017). "Arts Council cuts funding for four biggest recipients". Financial Times. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
  33. ^ Pipe, Ellie (28 June 2017). "Arnolfini loses Arts Council funding". Bristol 24/7. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
  34. ^ Brown, Mark (1 January 2018). "Bristol's once troubled Arnolfini gallery starts to pull in the crowds". Guardian. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  35. ^ Swallow, Bea (22 November 2023). "Arnolfini gallery cancels Palestine film festival". BBC. Retrieved 23 November 2023.
  36. ^ Deeney, Yvonne (22 November 2023). "Arnolfini faces backlash after cancellation of Palestine events". Bristol Post. Retrieved 23 November 2023.

External links[edit]