Aronia arbutifolia

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Aronia arbutifolia
Choke-Berries-IMG 2431 051013 121714.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Aronia
Species:
A. arbutifolia
Binomial name
Aronia arbutifolia
(L.) Pers. 1806
Synonyms[1]
Synonymy
  • Mespilus arbutifolia L. 1753
  • Adenorachis arbutifolia (L.) Nieuwl.
  • Aronia densa Carrière
  • Aronia × densiflora Spach
  • Aronia glabrescens Spach
  • Aronia nigra Dippel
  • Aronia pubens Spach
  • Aronia pumila (Neumann) M.Roem.
  • Aronia pyrifolia (Lam.) Pers.
  • Crataegus pyrifolia Lam.
  • Hahnia arbutifolia (L.) Medik.
  • Photinia pyrifolia (Lam.) K.R.Robertson & J.B.Phipps
  • Pyrus arbutifolia (L.) L.f.
  • Pyrus densiflora (Spach) Steud.
  • Pyrus pumila Neumann ex Tausch.
  • Sorbus arbutifolia (L.) Heynh.
  • Sorbus densiflora (Spach) Heynh.

Aronia arbutifolia, called the red chokeberry,[2][3] is a North American species of shrubs in the rose family. It is native to eastern Canada and to the eastern and central United States, from eastern Texas to Nova Scotia inland to Ontario, Ohio, Kentucky, and Oklahoma.[4]

Aronia arbutifolia is a branching shrub forming clumps by means of stems forming from the roots. Flowers are white or pink, producing black or bright red fruits. The fruits, whose ill taste inspired the common name, are bitterly acidic (though edible) when eaten raw,[5][6] but are high in pectin and can be used to make delicious thick jams and jellies.[7][8]

It is a popular native landscaping plant.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Plant List, Aronia arbutifolia (L.) Pers.
  2. ^ USDA, NRCS (n.d.). "Aronia arbutifolia". The PLANTS Database (plants.usda.gov). Greensboro, North Carolina: National Plant Data Team. Retrieved 3 August 2016.
  3. ^ BSBI List 2007 (xls). Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-06-26. Retrieved 17 October 2014.
  4. ^ Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map
  5. ^ Flora of North America, Aronia arbutifolia (Linnaeus) Persoon, Red chokeberry
  6. ^ "Aronia arbutifolia 'Brilliantissima' - Plant Finder". www.missouribotanicalgarden.org. Retrieved 2022-01-14.
  7. ^ "Aronia arbutifolia 'Brilliantissima' (Red Chokeberry)". Gardenia.net. Retrieved 2022-01-14.
  8. ^ "Aronia arbutifolia (Chokeberry, Red Chokeberry) | North Carolina Extension Gardener Plant Toolbox". plants.ces.ncsu.edu. Retrieved 2022-01-14.
  9. ^ "Red Chokeberry". Tn Nursery. Retrieved 2022-01-14.

External links[edit]