Aroostook Band of Micmac
|Regions with significant populations|
|United States ( Maine)|
traditional tribal religion
|Related ethnic groups|
|Other Mi'kmaq people|
The Aroostook Band of Micmac is a federally recognized tribe of Mi'kmaq people in Aroostook County, Maine. Their autonym is Ulustuk. Of the 28 bands of Mi'kmaq people, the Aroostook Band is the only one in the United States, and the Aroostook Band were the first non-US power to sign a treaty with the United States on July 6, 1776.
The tribe has no reservation but owns 1,350 acres (5.5 km2) of land. The United States Census Bureau listed 1,047 acres (4.236 km2) of Trust Land in the 2010 United States Census, located at in the Town of Limestone. An official population of 197 inhabitants was counted on the trust lands. The band is headquartered in Presque Isle, Maine. The governing council consists of nine members that serve two-year terms.
The Aroostook Band were excluded from the 1980 Maine Indian land claim settlement. On November 26, 1991, they gained federal recognition when the Aroostook Band of Micmacs Settlement Act was passed as law. In 1991, the tribe had almost 500 members.
Members of the Aroostook Band weave black ash baskets, quillwork birch bark boxes, and floral sculptures from maple, cedar, and white birch wood. Traditionally their wigwams were painted with designs distinct to their band.
- Pritzker, Barry M. A Native American Encyclopedia: History, Culture, and Peoples. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. ISBN 978-0-19-513877-1