Arotrophora arcuatalis

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Arotrophora arcuatalis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Tortricidae
Genus: Arotrophora
Species: A. arcuatalis
Binomial name
Arotrophora arcuatalis
(Walker, 1865)
Synonyms
  • Scopula arcuatalis Walker, 1865
  • Crambus submarginellus Walker, 1866
  • Eromene transcissella Walker, 1866

Arotrophora arcuatalis, commonly known as banksia boring moth or rarely banksia moth, is a species of Australian tortrid moth best known as a pest of Banksia.

First described by Francis Walker in 1865,[1] it is the type species for Arotrophora. It occurs throughout coastal and sub-coastal areas of southern Australia.[2] Adults are grey with brown and white markings.[3]

The moth lays its eggs on the surface of the flower spikes of Banksia while in early bud, and the larvae tunnel into the axis of the spike, boring from follicle to follicle to consume the seeds. They infest a wide range of Banksia species, in some species substantially reducing the seed set.[4] In the cut flower industry, their tunnelling affects the cosmetic qualities of flower spikes, rendering them unsaleable. As a result, there has been significant research into control of the moth, including identification of its pheromones.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Beccaloni, G.; Scoble, M.; Kitching, I.; Simonsen, T.; Robinson, G.; Pitkin, B.; Hine, A.; Lyal, C., eds. (2003). "Arotrophora arcuatalis". The Global Lepidoptera Names Index. Natural History Museum. 
  2. ^ Powell, J. A. and I. F. B. Common (1985). "Oviposition patterns and egg characteristics of Australian Tortricine moths (Lepidoptera: Tortridae)". Australian Journal of Zoology. 33 (2): 179–216. doi:10.1071/ZO9850179. 
  3. ^ "Arotrophora arcuatalis". Archived from the original on 2007-07-15. Retrieved 2007-05-16. 
  4. ^ Scott, John K. (1982). "The impact of destructive insects on reproduction in six species of Banksia L.f. (Proteaceae)". Australian Journal of Zoology. 30 (6): 901–921. doi:10.1071/ZO9820901. 
  5. ^ "The identification of the sex pheromone of the Banksia pest Arotrophora arcuatalis". Research Compendium 1995. Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation (RIRDC), Australian Government. Archived from the original on 2007-09-13. Retrieved 2007-05-16. 

External links[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Horak, M. (1988). "Semiochemicals of Arotrophora arcuatalis, the Banksia Boring Moth". Journal of Chemical Ecology. 14. 
  • Röhl, L. J. and W. Woods (1994). "Biological and insecticidal control of Arotrophora arcuatalis (Walker) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae): an important pest of banksias in Western Australia". Plant Protection Quarterly. 9 (1): 20–24.