Arp, Texas

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Arp, Texas
City
Water tower in Arp, Texas
Water tower in Arp, Texas
Location of Arp, Texas
Location of Arp, Texas
Smith County Arp.svg
Coordinates: 32°13′33″N 95°3′19″W / 32.22583°N 95.05528°W / 32.22583; -95.05528Coordinates: 32°13′33″N 95°3′19″W / 32.22583°N 95.05528°W / 32.22583; -95.05528
Country United States
State Texas
County Smith
Area
 • Total 2.5 sq mi (6.3 km2)
 • Land 2.5 sq mi (6.3 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 495 ft (151 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 970
 • Density 390/sq mi (150/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 75750
Area code(s) 903
FIPS code 48-04156[1]
GNIS feature ID 1329695[2]
Arp State Bank at the Thanksgiving season

Arp is a city in Smith County, in the U.S. state of Texas. It is part of the Tyler, Texas Metropolitan Statistical Area. According to the United States Census Bureau. The population was 970 in the 2010 census.[3]

History[edit]

The settlement was originally called Strawberry. It was renamed "Arp" for Bill Arp (pen name of Charles Henry Smith), a Georgia humorist who was nationally known in the late 19th century. The three-letter name was supposedly chosen at least partly for its brevity, which allowed local strawberry producers to spend less time hand-marking their crates.[4] Before Strawberry it was called Jarvis Junction, but the first settlement in the area known now as Arp was called Bissa (the Choctaw/Chickasaw word for Blackberry) as early as the 1700s.

Geography[edit]

Arp is located at 32°13′33″N 95°3′19″W / 32.22583°N 95.05528°W / 32.22583; -95.05528 (32.225794, -95.055140).[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.5 square miles (6.3 km²), all land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1940 1,139
1950 909 −20.2%
1960 812 −10.7%
1970 816 0.5%
1980 939 15.1%
1990 812 −13.5%
2000 901 11.0%
2010 970 7.7%
Est. 2016 1,002 [6] 3.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

As of the census[1] of 2010, there were 970 people, 361 households, and 259 families residing in the city. The population density was 367.6 people per square mile (142.0/km²). There were 405 housing units at an average density of 165.2 per square mile (63.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.34% White, 3.22% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.44% from other races, and 0.89% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.55% of the population.

There were 361 households out of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.3% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.0% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the city, the population was spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 91.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,750, and the median income for a family was $38,807. Males had a median income of $27,443 versus $22,202 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,619. About 4.2% of families and 4.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.5% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The City of Arp is served by the Arp Independent School District, and includes an elementary school, junior high school and high school.[8]

In the 2005-2006 basketball season, Arp High School won the 2A State Basketball Tournament in Austin.

Arp ISD Website: https://web.archive.org/web/20090414013231/http://www.arpisd.org/

Notable people[edit]

Guy Lewis, legendary men's basketball coach for Houston.

Joe B. Foster, founder of Newfield Exploration.

Larry Henley, lead singer of the 1960s pop group The Newbeats and the composer of the song Wind Beneath My Wings. He was born in Arp.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ https://www.tsl.texas.gov/ref/abouttx/popcity12010.html
  4. ^ Cannon, Bill (Jan 1, 2004). Texas: Land of Legend and Lore. Taylor Trade Publications. p. 124. Retrieved 17 November 2013. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Arp ISD". Arp ISD. Archived from the original on 2012-06-05. Retrieved 2012-02-06.