Arpino

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Arpino
Comune
Comune di Arpino
Arpino panorama.jpg
Coat of arms of Arpino
Coat of arms
Arpino is located in Italy
Arpino
Arpino
Location of Arpino in Italy
Coordinates: 41°38′52″N 13°36′35″E / 41.64778°N 13.60972°E / 41.64778; 13.60972
Country Italy
Region Lazio
Province Frosinone (FR)
Government
 • Mayor Renato Rea
Area
 • Total 55 km2 (21 sq mi)
Elevation 447 m (1,467 ft)
Population (31 December 2017)
 • Total 7,150
 • Density 130/km2 (340/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Arpinati
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code 03033
Dialing code 0776
Patron saint Madonna of Loreto
Saint day December 10
Website Official website

Arpino (Campanian: Arpinë) is a comune (municipality) in the province of Frosinone, in the Latin Valley, region of Lazio in central Italy, about 100 km SE of Rome. Its Roman name was Arpinum.[1]

Pointed arch in the walls.

History[edit]

The ancient city of Arpinum dates back to at least the 7th century BC. Connected with the Pelasgi, the Volscian and Samnite people, it was captured by the Romans and granted civitas sine suffragio in 305 BC. The city gained Roman suffrage in 188 BC and the status of a municipium in 90 BC. Both Gaius Marius and Cicero came from Arpinum. There is an oral tradition that persists to this day that Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa was also a native of Arpinum. Historians have not been able to confirm his origin.

Ancient Roman basalt pavement in Arpino

In the early Middle Ages, the Roman duchy and the Duchy of Benevento contended for its strategic position. After the 11th century it was ruled by the Normans, the Hohenstaufen and by the Papal States. It was destroyed twice; in 1229 by Frederick II and in 1242 by Conrad IV.

The castrato sopranist Gioacchino Conti, known as Il Gizziello or heb ceilliau, was born in Arpino in 1714.

Main sights[edit]

Attractions include the circuit walls in polygonal masonry.[2] These walls include an example of an ogive arch.[3]

Richard Wilson - Cicero with his friend Atticus and brother Quintus, at his villa at Arpinum - Google Art Project

Below Arpino, in the Liri valley, a little north of the Isola del Liri, lies the church of S. Domenico, which marks the site of the villa in which Cicero was born and frequently resided. Near it is an ancient bridge, of a road which crossed the Liris to Cereatae (modern Casamari).[4]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ Richard Stillwell (14 March 2017). The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites. Princeton University Press. pp. 95–. ISBN 978-1-4008-8658-6. 
  2. ^ Charles Kelsall (1820). Classical Excursion from Rome to Arpino. author. pp. 88–. 
  3. ^ Leonardo B. Dal Maso; Roberto Vighi (1979). Archeological Latium. Bonechi, Edizioni "Il Turismo". 
  4. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainAshby, Thomas (1911). "Arpino". In Chisholm, Hugh. Encyclopædia Britannica. 2 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 641. 

External links[edit]