Arpino

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Arpino
Comune di Arpino
Skyline of Arpino
Coat of arms of Arpino
Coat of arms
Location of Arpino
Arpino is located in Italy
Arpino
Arpino
Location of Arpino in Italy
Arpino is located in Lazio
Arpino
Arpino
Arpino (Lazio)
Coordinates: 41°38′52″N 13°36′35″E / 41.64778°N 13.60972°E / 41.64778; 13.60972
CountryItaly
RegionLazio
ProvinceFrosinone (FR)
Government
 • MayorRenato Rea
Area
 • Total56.24 km2 (21.71 sq mi)
Elevation
447 m (1,467 ft)
Population
 (2018-01-01)[2]
 • Total7,150
 • Density130/km2 (330/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Arpinati
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
03033
Dialing code0776
Patron saintMadonna of Loreto
Saint dayDecember 10
WebsiteOfficial website

Arpino (Campanian: Arpinë) is a comune (municipality) in the province of Frosinone, in the Latin Valley, region of Lazio in central Italy, about 100 km SE of Rome. Its Roman name was Arpinum.[3]

Pointed arch in the walls.

History[edit]

The ancient city of Arpinum dates back to at least the 7th century BC. Connected with the Pelasgi, the Volsci and Samnite people, it was captured by the Romans and granted civitas sine suffragio in 305 BC. The city gained Roman suffrage in 188 BC and the status of a municipium in 90 BC. Both Gaius Marius and Cicero came from Arpinum. Cicero in letters to his friend Atticus of the period has referred often to the peace and quiet of his beloved Arpino. There is an oral tradition that persists to this day that Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa was also a native of Arpinum. Historians have not been able to confirm his origin. Beside the ancient town of Arpino the fortified remains of a much earlier Samnites town exist. The high defensive walls are of the polygonal type associated historically with these people. There is a perfect example of a unique specific Arch to be still seen today. Dates are generally from the early Roman period to about 400 BC. The recent suggestions that these walls were created by some superior beings given their large size blocks is considered to be completely untrue and scurrilous. The Stone is some times referred to as puddingstone but in this case it seem to be of a more sedimentary dark gray type. See connection to Samnites at the Caudine forks. Arpino, Atina, Cominium, were known Samnite strongholds. The Valle di Comino nearby is considered to be strong Samnite and subsections of the tribes home lands and the language generally spoken up to the Roman assimilations was Oscan part of the "Co" group of indoeuropean languages.

Ancient Roman basalt pavement in Arpino

In the early Middle Ages, the Roman duchy and the Duchy of Benevento contended for its strategic position. After the 11th century it was ruled by the Normans, the Hohenstaufen and by the Papal States. It was destroyed twice; in 1229 by Frederick II and in 1242 by Conrad IV.

The castrato sopranist Gioacchino Conti, known as Il Gizziello or heb ceilliau, was born in Arpino in 1714.

Main sights[edit]

Attractions include the circuit walls in polygonal masonry.[4] These walls include an example of an ogive arch.[5]

Richard Wilson - Cicero with his friend Atticus and brother Quintus, at his villa at Arpinum - Google Art Project

Below Arpino, in the Liri valley, a little north of the Isola del Liri, lies the church of S. Domenico, which marks the site of the villa in which Cicero was born and frequently resided. Near it is an ancient bridge, of a road which crossed the Liris to Cereatae (modern Casamari).[6]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ Richard Stillwell (14 March 2017). The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites. Princeton University Press. pp. 95–. ISBN 978-1-4008-8658-6.
  4. ^ Charles Kelsall (1820). Classical Excursion from Rome to Arpino. author. pp. 88–.
  5. ^ Leonardo B. Dal Maso; Roberto Vighi (1979). Archeological Latium. Bonechi, Edizioni "Il Turismo".
  6. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainAshby, Thomas (1911). "Arpino" . In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. 2 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 641.

External links[edit]