Arqamani

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Arqamani (also Arkamani or Ergamenes II[2]) was a Kushite King of Meroë dating from the late 3rd to early 2nd century BCE.

Biography[edit]

It is believed that Arqamani ruled in Meroë at the time of the Egyptian revolt of Horwennefer against Ptolemy IV Philopator (reign 221–204 BC).[2] He is attested by a number of inscriptions and reliefs from Kalabsha, Philae and the temple of Dakka.[3] In the latter locality, he usurped some donation inscriptions originally inscribed for Ptolemy IV.[4] He was buried in a pyramid in Meroë now known as Beg. N 7.[5]

Arqamani took an elaborate ancient Egyptian royal titulary (see infobox) which likely reflects his control above the reconquered Lower Nubia and its inhabitants.[2] He also took mortuary names: the mortuary Horus name is Kashy-netjery-kheper, meaning "The Kushite whose coming into being is divine", while his nomen is accompanied by the epithet Ankhdjet-meriaset, meaning "Given life, beloved of Isis", as well as Mkltk Istrk which is written in Meroitic script and whose meaning is not known.[5]
He was sometimes tentatively identified with the king Ergamenes mentioned by Diodorus Siculus but modern scholars now believe that an earlier king with a similar name, Arakamani, is a better candidate for this identification.[6] Nevertheless, Arqamani is often called Ergamenes II.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b von Beckerath, Jürgen (1999). Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen (in German). Mainz am Rhein, Von Zabern. ISBN 3-8053-2591-6.  pp. 276-77
  2. ^ a b c Török (2008), p. 393
  3. ^ J. Desmond Clark. The Cambridge history of Africa. Cambridge University Press. pp. 228, 241. ISBN 978-0-521-21592-3. Retrieved 17 March 2011. 
  4. ^ Török (2008), p. 388
  5. ^ a b László Török, The kingdom of Kush: handbook of the Napatan-Meroitic Civilization, 1997
  6. ^ Török (2008), pp. 389–90 and references therein.

Further reading and Bibliography[edit]

  • Török, László (1996). Fontes Historiae Nubiorum, Vol. II. Bergen. ISBN 8291626014. , pp. 660-662
  • Török, László (2008). Between Two Worlds: The Frontier Region Between Ancient Nubia and Egypt 3700 BC - 500 AD. Brill. ISBN 978-90-04-17197-8.