Arques, Aveyron

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A general view of Arques
A general view of Arques
Arques is located in France
Coordinates: 44°19′05″N 2°48′05″E / 44.3181°N 2.8014°E / 44.3181; 2.8014Coordinates: 44°19′05″N 2°48′05″E / 44.3181°N 2.8014°E / 44.3181; 2.8014
Country France
Region Occitanie
Department Aveyron
Arrondissement Rodez
Canton Pont-de-Salars
Intercommunality Pays de Salars
 • Mayor (2008–2020) Bernard Andrieu
Area1 11.29 km2 (4.36 sq mi)
Population (2009)2 118
 • Density 10/km2 (27/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 12010 /12290
Elevation 714–947 m (2,343–3,107 ft)
(avg. 800 m or 2,600 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Arques is a French commune in the Aveyron department in the Occitanie region of southern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Arcasois or Arcasoises[1]


Arques is located some 16 km east by south-east of Rodez and 6 km south of Laissac. Access to the commune is by road D29 from Agen-d'Aveyron in the north-west passing through the commune and the village and continuing south-east to Ségur. Apart from the village there are the hamlets of Le Mazet in the eastern arm of the commune and Moulin Fabre and Recoules south of the village. Except for two forests in the north the commune is entirely farmland.[2]

The Ruisseau des Gardies rises in the north of the commune and flows south through the village joining the Viaur south of the village. The Ruisseau de Clauverhes rises in the north-east of the commune and flows south-east to join the Viaur south of the village. The Viaur river flows from the south-west through the southern part of the commune and forming part of the southern border before continuing west to the Barrage of Pont-de-Salars then continuing west to eventually join the Aveyron river at Saint-Martin-Laguépie.[2]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]


The word Arques derives from the Latin arx meaning "fortress".


The lordship of Arques extended over the Palanges mountains and included the current commune of the same name plus two enclaves currently in the communes of Segur and Vézins-de-Lévézou. Arques is mentioned in a donation to the Abbey of Conques in 1079. It was later attached to the Abbey of La Chaise-Dieu. It was a dependency of the Lordship of Montrozier, under the Count of Rodez, then of the king.


List of Successive Mayors[3]

The Town Hall
Mayors from 1935
From To Name Party Position
1935 1965 Joseph Amans
1965 1976 Albert Gineste
1976 1977 Guy Gineste
1977 2020 Bernard Andrieu UMP

(Not all data is known)


In 2009 the commune had 118 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population Change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
358 381 384 400 266 301 440 416 377
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
365 333 292 308 310 301 286 272 240
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
253 248 219 215 206 215 208 205 187
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
187 166 147 121 136 123 130 118 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

Arques War Memorial
Population of Arques

Distribution of Age Groups[edit]

The table below compares the gender and age of the population with that of the department of Aveyron in the year 2009. Unlike national and departmental allocations, the male population of the town is greater than the female population (52.5% against 48.4% nationally and 48.2% at the departmental level).

Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Arques and Aveyron Department in 2009

Arques Arques Aveyron Aveyron
Age Range Men Women Men Women
0 to 14 Years 11.3 14.3 16.7 15.1
15 to 29 Years 19.4 10.7 15.1 13.4
30 to 44 Years 17.7 17.9 18.9 17.8
45 to 59 Years 30.6 28.6 21.6 20.3
60 to 74 Years 9.7 10.7 16.9 17.5
75 to 89 Years 11.3 17.9 10.2 14.2
90 Years+ 0.0 0.0 0.6 1.7


Sites and Monuments[edit]

The Church Tower with the Bronze Bell
  • A Parish Church from the 16th century, a Bell-gable, and an altarpiece from the 17th century - gilded in the 18th century. A Bronze Bell (1755)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg is registered as a historical monument.[4]
  • The Rives Viaur, a hilly site at the end of Lake Pont-de-Salars.

See also[edit]


  • Christian-Pierre Bedel (preface, Alain Pichon), Lo Pònt : Agenh, Arcas, Canet, Flavinh, Pradas, Tremolhas, Lo Vibal / Christian-Pierre Bedel e los estatjants del canton del Pònt, Rodez, Departmental Mission for culture, coll. "Al Canton", 1995, ill., cover ill.; 28 cm, 239 p. (ISBN 978-2-907279-20-8, ISSN 1151-8375, Notice BnF No. FRBNF36688567g) (Occitan/French)

Notes and references[edit]


  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.


  1. ^ Inhabitants of Aveyron (French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  4. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM12000001 Bronze Bell (French)

External links[edit]