Arraial do Cabo

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search


Arraial do Cabo
Municipality
300px
Nickname(s): The Diving Capital [1]
Arraial do Cabo is located in Brazil
Arraial do Cabo
Arraial do Cabo
Coordinates: 22°57′57″S 42°01′40″W / 22.96583°S 42.02778°W / -22.96583; -42.02778Coordinates: 22°57′57″S 42°01′40″W / 22.96583°S 42.02778°W / -22.96583; -42.02778
Country Brazil
State Rio de Janeiro
First Settled 1503 [2]
Elevated to District January 28, 1924 [3]
Emancipated from Cabo Frio May 13, 1985 [4]
Founded by Amerigo Vespucci [4]
Government[5]
 • Mayor Wanderson Cardoso de Brito (PMDB)
Area[3]
 • Total 160.286 km2 (61.887 sq mi)
  Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 27,715
 • Estimate (2013) 28,627
 • Density 170/km2 (450/sq mi)
  Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics
Demonym(s) cabista
Time zone BRT (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) BRST (UTC-2)
Website www.arraial.rj.gov.br


Arraial do Cabo is a municipality located in the Brazilian state of Rio de Janeiro. Its population was 27,715 as of 2010 census and its total area is 160 square kilometres (62 sq mi). [3]

It was founded in 1503 by the conqueror Amerigo Vespucci. In 1960 a documentary film was made directed by Mário Carneiro and Paulo Cesar Saraceni about the local fishing industry.[6]

Its geography made Arraial do Cabo an important and dangerous point in the age of sail. Since the Portuguese Navy arrival (1503) until nineteenth century many shipwrecks occurred. Due to this fact (and other biological factors) Arraial do Cabo is well known as the "Dive Capital".

The municipality operates the Ilha do Cabo Frio Biological Reserve, a fully protected conservation unit on an Atlantic island in the south east of the municipality.[7]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Arraial do Cabo, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 34.2
(93.6)
35.4
(95.7)
30.1
(86.2)
28.7
(83.7)
27.2
(81)
26.1
(79)
25.4
(77.7)
25.6
(78.1)
27.1
(80.8)
27.8
(82)
29.5
(85.1)
34.7
(94.5)
29.32
(84.78)
Daily mean °C (°F) 28.5
(83.3)
29.1
(84.4)
27.9
(82.2)
26.5
(79.7)
24.5
(76.1)
22.7
(72.9)
21
(70)
21.4
(70.5)
22.2
(72)
25.2
(77.4)
27.6
(81.7)
28.3
(82.9)
25.41
(77.76)
Average low °C (°F) 22.9
(73.2)
23.1
(73.6)
22.8
(73)
21.5
(70.7)
20
(68)
18.2
(64.8)
17.6
(63.7)
18.2
(64.8)
19
(66)
19.7
(67.5)
20.7
(69.3)
21.8
(71.2)
20.46
(68.82)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 78.2
(3.079)
44.2
(1.74)
52.8
(2.079)
78.3
(3.083)
69.1
(2.72)
43.9
(1.728)
44.7
(1.76)
36.1
(1.421)
61
(2.4)
80.7
(3.177)
81
(3.19)
101.1
(3.98)
771.1
(30.357)
Average relative humidity (%) 82 82 82 80 81 81 80 81 81 82 82 82 81.3
Source: climate-charts.com[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Arraial do Cabo City Hall Website (in Portuguese)". Retrieved November 20, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Cabo Frio City history - part one(in Portuguese)" (PDF). Retrieved November 20, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics Website". Retrieved November 20, 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "City history at City Hall website (in Portuguese)". Retrieved November 20, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Mayor's page at City Hall website (in Portuguese)". Retrieved November 20, 2013. 
  6. ^ Arraial do Cabo, film by Mário Carneiro and Paulo Cesar Saraceni on YouTube
  7. ^ Unidades de Conservação da Região dos Lagos (PDF) (in Portuguese), Petrobras, retrieved 2016-04-26 
  8. ^ "climate-charts.com". Retrieved December 28, 2012.