The road into Arrast
|• Mayor (2014–2020)||Allande Davant|
|Area1||7.56 km2 (2.92 sq mi)|
|• Density||13/km2 (35/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|INSEE/Postal code||64050 /64130|
|Elevation||132–299 m (433–981 ft)
(avg. 173 m or 568 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Urrustoitars.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Toponymy
- 3 History
- 4 Administration
- 5 Demography
- 6 Economy
- 7 Culture and Heritage
- 8 Notable people linked to the commune
- 9 See also
- 10 Notes and references
Arrast-Larrebieu is located in the former province of Soule some 12 km east by south-east of Saint-Palais and 10 km north by north-east of Mauléon-Licharre. Access to the commune is by the D243 road which branches off the D11 west of the commune and north of Espès-Undurein and passes through the village before continuing north-east to join the D115. The D135 from the D11 in the west to Moncayolle-Larrory-Mendibieu in the south-east passes through the south of the commune and the hamlet of Larrebieu. The commune is mainly farmland with many forests scattered throughout the commune.
The Laxubie rises in the south of the commune and flows north past the village gathering many tributaries and joins the Apaure north of the commune. Several small streams rise in the west of the commune and flow west to join the Saison.
- Aitzaguer (ruins)
- Gastelu Arrast
Jean-Baptiste Orpustan indicated that the spelling in Basque Arrast is sometimes given with the determinant Ürrüxtoia meaning "hazel tree grove". He also stated that larrabil means a "rounded moor, squat".
The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.
- Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. (in French)
- Orpustan: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy
Larrebieu was merged with the commune of Arrast on 16 October 1842.
List of Successive Mayors
(Not all data is known)
The commune is part of seven inter-communal structures:
- the Community of communes of Soule-Xiberoa;
- the Sanitation association of Pays de Soule;
- the AEP association of Pays de Soule;
- the inter-communal association of la Vallée;
- the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
- the inter-communal association for the construction and operation of the CES at Mauleon;
- the association to support Basque culture.
In 2009 the commune had 102 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Culture and Heritage
An enclosure with an earthen parapet (a protohistoric fort or Gaztelu zahar) at an altitude of 282 metres at a place called Gazteluxaga reflects the ancient past of the commune.
The Parish Church of Sainte-Lucie (19th century) is registered as an historical monument. It has a bell tower called Trinity or Souletin meaning the "top of the wall", pierced by bays for the bells with three roof peaks of approximately equal height, hence the name Trinity. The church contains a Processional Cross (17th century) which is registered as an historical object.
- Abbadie d'Arrast Family, initially lay abbots whose descendants originated the construction of various chateaux (the Château d'Abbadie at Hendaye, Elorriaga at Ciboure).
- Jean-Louis Davant, born in 1935 in Arrast-Larrebieu, is a writer, poet, bertsolari, pastoralari, and academician.
- ÜRRUSTOI-LARREBILLE in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia (Euskomedia Fundazioa) (in Spanish)
- Arrast-Larrebieu on Lion1906
- Arrast-Larrebieu on Google Maps
- Arrast-Larrebieu on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (in French)
- Araft and Larrebien on the 1750 Cassini Map
- Arrast-Larrebieu on the INSEE website (in French)
- INSEE (in French)
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
- Google Maps
- Géoportail, IGN (in French)
- Euskaltzaindia - Academy of the Basque language (Basque)
- Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy, Presses universitaires de Bordeaux, 2006, ISBN 2 86781 396 4 (in French)
- Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (in French)
- Manuscript from the 14th century in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
- List of Mayors of France (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000734 Parish Church of Sainte-Lucie (in French)
- Philippe Veyrin, The Basques, p. 241, Arthaud, 20 December 1975, ISBN 2700300386 (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000036 Processional Cross (in French)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Arrast-Larrebieu.|