Arrast-Larrebieu

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Arrast-Larrebieu
Commune
The road into Arrast
The road into Arrast
Arrast-Larrebieu is located in France
Arrast-Larrebieu
Arrast-Larrebieu
Coordinates: 43°17′39″N 0°50′56″W / 43.2942°N 0.8489°W / 43.2942; -0.8489Coordinates: 43°17′39″N 0°50′56″W / 43.2942°N 0.8489°W / 43.2942; -0.8489
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Arrondissement Oloron-Sainte-Marie
Canton Mauléon-Licharre
Intercommunality Soule-Xiberoa
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Allande Davant
Area1 7.56 km2 (2.92 sq mi)
Population (2009)2 102
 • Density 13/km2 (35/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 64050 /64130
Elevation 132–299 m (433–981 ft)
(avg. 173 m or 568 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Arrast-Larrebieu (Basque: Ürrustoi-Larrebille) is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Urrustoitars.[1]

Geography[edit]

Arrast-Larrebieu General View

Arrast-Larrebieu is located in the former province of Soule some 12 km east by south-east of Saint-Palais and 10 km north by north-east of Mauléon-Licharre. Access to the commune is by the D243 road which branches off the D11 west of the commune and north of Espès-Undurein and passes through the village before continuing north-east to join the D115. The D135 from the D11 in the west to Moncayolle-Larrory-Mendibieu in the south-east passes through the south of the commune and the hamlet of Larrebieu. The commune is mainly farmland with many forests scattered throughout the commune.[2]

The Laxubie rises in the south of the commune and flows north past the village gathering many tributaries and joins the Apaure north of the commune. Several small streams rise in the west of the commune and flow west to join the Saison.[2]

Places and Hamlets[3][edit]

  • Abbadia
  • Aguelcheberry
  • Aguerria
  • Aitzaguer (ruins)
  • Algalarrondo
  • Arkabisquey
  • Arrast
  • Asconeguy
  • Behety
  • Bethulard
  • Bou
  • Garatia
  • Gastelu
  • Gastelu Arrast
  • Gasteluchague
  • Habiague
  • Heguilus
  • Hoilly
  • Ibarbouen
  • Lacoste
  • Laplume
  • Larçabal
  • Larlette
  • Larrebieu
  • Larribet
  • Mendiondo
  • Oyhenart
  • Poutou
  • Sabalain
  • Sagardoyburu
  • Sallaberry
  • Sunhary
  • Tine

Toponymy[edit]

Arrast Fronton

The commune name in basque today is Ürrüstoi-Larrabile.[4]

Jean-Baptiste Orpustan indicated that the spelling in Basque Arrast is sometimes given with the determinant Ürrüxtoia meaning "hazel tree grove". He also stated that larrabil means a "rounded moor, squat".[5]

The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Arrast Arrast 13th century Raymond
11
Bayonne Village
Arrast 1690 Orpustan
Larast 1690 Orpustan
Larrast 1690 Orpustan
Larrebieu Larrebiu 1384 Raymond
94
Notaries Village
Larrebiu 1690 Orpustan

Sources:

Origins:

History[edit]

Paul Raymond noted on page 11 of his 1863 dictionary that the commune had a Lay Abbey, vassal of the Viscounts of Soule.[6]

Larrebieu was merged with the commune of Arrast on 16 October 1842.[6]

Administration[edit]

Arrast-Larrebieu Community Hall

List of Successive Mayors[9]

From To Name Party Position
1995 2014 Julien Erbin UMP
2014 2020 Allande Davant

(Not all data is known)

Inter-communality[edit]

The commune is part of seven inter-communal structures:

  • the Community of communes of Soule-Xiberoa;
  • the Sanitation association of Pays de Soule;
  • the AEP association of Pays de Soule;
  • the inter-communal association of la Vallée;
  • the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
  • the inter-communal association for the construction and operation of the CES at Mauleon;
  • the association to support Basque culture.

Demography[edit]

In 2009 the commune had 102 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population Change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
216 212 154 191 176 200 323 308 292
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
261 247 283 235 265 275 259 252 246
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
263 251 258 242 225 215 201 203 198
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
173 144 128 131 123 105 103 102 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Arrast-Larrebieu

Economy[edit]

Economic activity is mainly agricultural (livestock and pasture). The town is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée zone designation of Ossau-iraty.

Culture and Heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

An enclosure with an earthen parapet (a protohistoric fort or Gaztelu zahar) at an altitude of 282 metres at a place called Gazteluxaga reflects the ancient past of the commune.

Religious heritage[edit]

The church of Sainte-Lucie
Hilarri in the Churchyard
Chapel at Larrebieu

The Parish Church of Sainte-Lucie (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg is registered as an historical monument.[10] It has a bell tower called Trinity or Souletin meaning the "top of the wall", pierced by bays for the bells with three roof peaks of approximately equal height, hence the name Trinity.[11] The church contains a Processional Cross (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg which is registered as an historical object.[12]

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ Géoportail, IGN (in French)
  4. ^ Euskaltzaindia - Academy of the Basque language (Basque)
  5. ^ a b Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy, Presses universitaires de Bordeaux, 2006, ISBN 2 86781 396 4 (in French)
  6. ^ a b c Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (in French)
  7. ^ Manuscript from the 14th century in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  8. ^ Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  9. ^ List of Mayors of France (in French)
  10. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000734 Parish Church of Sainte-Lucie (in French)
  11. ^ Philippe Veyrin, The Basques, p. 241, Arthaud, 20 December 1975, ISBN 2700300386 (in French)
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000036 Processional Cross (in French)