Arrecife

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Arrecife
City
Aerial view of Arrecife
Aerial view of Arrecife
Flag of Arrecife
Flag
Coat of arms of Arrecife
Coat of arms
Etymology: Spanish for Reef
Municipal location in Lanzarote
Municipal location in Lanzarote
Arrecife is located in Lanzarote
Arrecife
Arrecife
Location in Lanzarote
Arrecife is located in Province of Las Palmas
Arrecife
Arrecife
Arrecife (Province of Las Palmas)
Arrecife is located in Canary Islands
Arrecife
Arrecife
Arrecife (Canary Islands)
Arrecife is located in Spain, Canary Islands
Arrecife
Arrecife
Arrecife (Spain, Canary Islands)
Coordinates: 28°57′45″N 13°33′2″W / 28.96250°N 13.55056°W / 28.96250; -13.55056Coordinates: 28°57′45″N 13°33′2″W / 28.96250°N 13.55056°W / 28.96250; -13.55056
Country  Spain
Autonomous Community  Canary Islands
Province Las Palmas
Island Lanzarote
Government
 • Mayor Manuel Fajardo Feo (CC)
Area[1]
 • Total 22.72 km2 (8.77 sq mi)
Elevation(AMSL) 20 m (70 ft)
Population (2013)[2]
 • Total 55,673
 • Density 2,500/km2 (6,300/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+0 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+1 (CEST (GMT +1))
Postal code 35500
Area code(s) +34 (Spain) + 928 (Las Palmas)
Website www.arrecife.es

Arrecife (/ˌærəˈsf/; Spanish pronunciation: [areˈsife]) is a city and municipality in the Canary Islands (Spain) situated in the centre-east of the island of Lanzarote, of which it has been the capital since 1852. The city owes its name to the rock reef ('Arrecife' is Spanish for 'reef') which covers the beach located in the city. The city also gives its name to the nearby Arrecife Airport.

The population of the municipality is 55,673 (2013),[2] its area is 22.72 km².[1] It is south of Haría, east of Tinajo and northeast of Yaiza. Arrecife is a port town on the east coast, served by ferries to the other islands and also Europe and mainland Africa. The LZ1 road connects Arrecife with to the north, the LZ2 road with the southwest, and the LZ3 road serves as the beltway of the city. The tallest building in Lanzarote is the Arrecife Gran Hotel, which is located on the front alongside the harbour.

History[edit]

The earliest records of Arrecife date from the fifteenth century when it was a small fishing settlement. The name, given then as Arrecifes, refers to the black volcanic reefs behind which boats could hide, protected from sudden pirate attacks.

Towards the end of the sixteenth century the settlement began to grow in response to a need for accommodation and warehousing to support growing trade between the old and new worlds. The first church was constructed at this time, consecrated to the first bishop of Arrecife, San Ginés. Growing prosperity increased the attractiveness of the town as a pirate target: in 1571 a notorious pirate named Dogan plundered and almost completely destroyed the little port town.

In 1964 Arrecife became the site of Lanzarote's first sea-water desalination plant, which was still operational in 2010.

Climate[edit]

Lanzarote has a desert climate according to the Köppen climatic classification.[3] The little precipitation is concentrated in the winter months.

Climate data for Lanzarote Airport (1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 27.9
(82.2)
29.0
(84.2)
32.7
(90.9)
36.3
(97.3)
42.6
(108.7)
40.7
(105.3)
42.9
(109.2)
43.6
(110.5)
40.5
(104.9)
37.1
(98.8)
34.2
(93.6)
27.5
(81.5)
43.6
(110.5)
Average high °C (°F) 20.7
(69.3)
21.3
(70.3)
22.9
(73.2)
23.5
(74.3)
24.6
(76.3)
26.3
(79.3)
28.2
(82.8)
29.1
(84.4)
28.6
(83.5)
26.7
(80.1)
24.2
(75.6)
21.8
(71.2)
24.8
(76.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 17.4
(63.3)
17.9
(64.2)
19.0
(66.2)
19.6
(67.3)
20.8
(69.4)
22.6
(72.7)
24.3
(75.7)
25.2
(77.4)
24.7
(76.5)
23.0
(73.4)
20.7
(69.3)
18.6
(65.5)
21.1
(70)
Average low °C (°F) 14.0
(57.2)
14.3
(57.7)
15.0
(59)
15.7
(60.3)
16.8
(62.2)
18.8
(65.8)
20.4
(68.7)
21.2
(70.2)
20.8
(69.4)
19.4
(66.9)
17.2
(63)
15.4
(59.7)
17.4
(63.3)
Record low °C (°F) 8.0
(46.4)
9.0
(48.2)
8.3
(46.9)
9.5
(49.1)
11.5
(52.7)
12.4
(54.3)
15.4
(59.7)
16.6
(61.9)
15.5
(59.9)
12.0
(53.6)
10.9
(51.6)
9.0
(48.2)
8.0
(46.4)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 16.5
(0.65)
18.2
(0.717)
12.5
(0.492)
5.2
(0.205)
1.5
(0.059)
0.1
(0.004)
0.0
(0)
0.5
(0.02)
2.2
(0.087)
9.9
(0.39)
14.7
(0.579)
29.3
(1.154)
110.6
(4.357)
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 3 3 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 3 4 18
Mean monthly sunshine hours 203 201 241 255 297 292 308 295 248 235 207 196 2,978
Source: Agencia Estatal de Meteorología[4]

Historical population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
2001 45,549—    
2002 48,253+5.9%
YearPop.±%
2003 50,785+5.2%
2013 55,673+9.6%

Communities[edit]

Sites of interest[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Instituto Canario de Estadística, area
  2. ^ a b Instituto Canario de Estadística Archived April 19, 2014, at the Wayback Machine., population
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ "Guía resumida del clima en España (1981-2010)".

External links[edit]