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The Arrernte // people, sometimes referred to as the Aranda, Arunta, or Arrarnta are an Aboriginal Australian people who live in the Arrernte lands, at Mparntwe (Alice Springs) and surrounding areas of the Central Australia region of the Northern Territory. Some Aranda live in other areas far from their homeland, including the major Australian cities and overseas.
Aranda mythology and spirituality focuses on the landscape and the Dreamtime. Altjira is the creator being of the Inapertwa that became all living creatures. Tjurunga are objects of religious significance.
Tourism is important to the economy of Alice Springs and surrounding communities.[a]
Arrernte languages and dialects
The ancestors of the Aranda all spoke one or more of the Arrernte group of languages/dialects (see below). "Aranda" is a simplified, Australian English approximation of the traditional pronunciation of the name of Arrernte [ˈarəɳ͡ɖa ].
Aranda people speak the following Arrernte dialects/languages:
- Eastern dialect,Ikngerripenhe
- Central Aranda, or Mparntwe Arrernte.
- Lower Aranda, known as Alenjerntarpe.. This dialect originates from the people around the Finke River area.
- Southern Aranda dialect,Pertame.
- Western Aranda, Tyuretye Arrernte,/Arrernte Alturlerenj.
The name Aranda refers to the following distinct groups (or "mobs"):
- Central Aranda, from the township of Alice Springs only.
- Eastern Aranda, from the Aranda lands east of Alice Springs.
- Western Aranda, from the Aranda lands west of Alice Springs, out to Mutitjulu and King's Canyon.
However, an alternative, narrower use of the word Aranda refers only to people from the lands north of Alice Springs.
- Spirituality & mythology
- The Aranda way of life is presented through tour guides and storytellers speaking of the life, their artwork, their culture and language in a variety of different ways. Tours are run regularly to Hermannsburg and Wallace Rockhole, both of which are (Western) Aranda, so as to learn more about the Aranda way of life, from their artwork to their culture and language.
- "Aboriginal Art Culture and Tourism Australia". Aboriginal Australia Art & Culture Centre. Retrieved 23 March 2013.
- "AIATSIS map of Indigenous Australia". AIATSIS.
- Kendon, Adam (1988). Sign Languages of Aboriginal Australia: Cultural, Semiotic and Communicative Perspectives. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-36008-1.
- Morton, John (2013). "'Less was hidden among these children': Géza Roheim, Anthropology and the Politics of Aboriginal Childhood". In Eickelkamp, Ute. Growing Up In Central Australia: New Anthropological Studies of Aboriginal Childhood and Adolescence. Berghahn Books. pp. 15–48. ISBN 978-1-782-38127-3.
- Tindale, Norman Barnett (1974). "Aranda (NT)". Aboriginal Tribes of Australia: Their Terrain, Environmental Controls, Distribution, Limits, and Proper Names. Australian National University.
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