Arrhinia

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Arhinia
Arhinia.jpg
Neonate with partial arhinia.
Pronunciation
Classification and external resources
Specialty medical genetics
ICD-10 Q30.1
ICD-9-CM 748.1
Orphanet 1134

Arhinia, also called nasal agenesis, is the congenital partial or complete absence of the nose at birth. It is an extremely rare condition, with 47 reported cases in the history of modern medicine.[1] It is generally classified as a craniofacial abnormality.

Cause[edit]

The cause of arrhinia is not known.[1][2] Akkuzu's study of the literature found that all cases had presented a normal antenatal history.[2]

Treatment[edit]

Treatment focuses on identifying the nature of the anomalies through various imaging methods, including MRI and CAT scan, and surgical correction to the extent possible.[2]

Etymology[edit]

The word arrhinia derives from the Greek root rhinos (nose) prefixed with the Greek negation prefix a-.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Albernaz, Vanessa; Mauricio Castillo; Suresh K. Mukherji; Ismail H. Ihmeidan (30 October 2005). "Congenital Arhinia" (PDF). American Journal of Neuroradiology. 17 (7): 1312–1314. PMID 8871717. 
  2. ^ a b c Akkuzu, Guzin; Babur Akkuzu; Erdinc Aydin; Murat Derbent; Levent Ozluoglu (20 September 2007). "Congenital partial arhinia: a case report". Journal of Medical Case Reports. 1 (1): 97. doi:10.1186/1752-1947-1-97. 

External links[edit]