Gnaeus Arrius Antoninus

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Gnaeus Arrius Antoninus (born AD 31) was the maternal grandfather of the Emperor Antoninus Pius. A member of the Arrius family, a family of consular rank, Antoninus was also an office holder, having been twice consul; for the first time in 69 and the second in 97;[1] he was also proconsul of Asia in 78/79.[2]

Antoninus was a friend and correspondent to Roman Senator and historian Pliny the Younger. The Historia Augusta describes him as a "righteous person", who pitied Nerva when he became Roman Emperor in 96.[3]

Antoninus married a Roman woman called Boionia Procilla. They had two daughters: Arria Antonina (born c. 70) who married the Roman Senator Lucius Junius Caesennius Paetus, by whom she had a son called Lucius Caesennius Antoninus;[4] and Arria Fadilla, who married Titus Aurelius Fulvus consul in 89. Their only child, was Titus Aurelius Fulvus Boionius Arrius, who as Antoninus Pius became Roman Emperor (19 September 86-7 March 161). Antoninus Pius' father had died when he was young. Following Pius' father's death, Fadilla married Publius Julius Lupus (a man of consular rank), Suffect Consul in 98 and bore him two daughters Julia Fadilla and Arria Lupula.

Antoninus raised his grandson, and when he died Antoninus Pius inherited his money. Through the inheritances of both sides, Antoninus Pius became one of the wealthiest men in Rome.

Nerva–Antonine family tree[edit]


  1. ^ As determined by Fausto Zevi "I consoli del 97 d. Cr. in due framenti gia' editi dei Fasti Ostienses", Listy filologické / Folia philologica, 96 (1973), pp. 125–137
  2. ^ Werner Eck, "Jahres- und Provinzialfasten der senatorischen Statthalter von 69/70 bis 138/139", Chiron, 12 (1982), p. 300
  3. ^ Historia Augusta, "Antoninus Pius", 1.4
  4. ^


Political offices
Preceded by
Titus Flavius Sabinus, and
Gnaeus Arulenus Caelius Sabinus
Consul of the Roman Empire
with Aulus Marius Celsus
Succeeded by
Fabius Valens, and
Aulus Caecina Alienus
Preceded by
Marcus Cocceius Nerva III,
and Lucius Verginius Rufus III

as Ordinary consuls
Suffect consul of the Roman Empire
with Gaius Calpurnius Piso
Succeeded by
Marcus Annius Verus,
and Lucius Neratius Priscus

as Suffect consuls