Arriva Trains Northern
|Franchise(s):||Regional Railways North East
2 March 1997 – 11 December 2004
|Main region(s):||North East
|Other region(s):||North West
|Fleet size:||169 until February 2004
|National Rail abbreviation:||AN (NS when Northern Spirit)|
Arriva Trains Northern was a train operating company in England owned by Arriva that operated the Regional Railways North East franchise from March 1997 until December 2004. Arriva resumed operating Northern train services again on 1 April 2016 under the Northern brand.
The Regional Railways North East franchise was awarded by the Director of Passenger Rail Franchising to MTL with the franchise commencing on 2 March 1997. The Northern Spirit branding was used with rolling stock painted in a base colour of turquoise with a lime green stylised italic "N" across the midsection. In May 1998, the long distance regional services connecting Sunderland, Newcastle, Scarborough and Hull with Manchester, Liverpool and Blackpool were sub-branded under the TransPennine Express banner with rolling stock painted in a base colour of maroon with a gold stylised italic "N" across the midsection. These services would later become a franchise in their own right from 2004, namely the Transpennine franchise, which is currently operated by TransPennine Express. A daily Leeds to Glasgow Central via the Settle & Carlisle and West Coast Main Lines service was introduced in September 1999.
The network extended from Carlisle and Chathill in the north to Sunderland, Scarborough, Hull and Cleethorpes on the east coast down to Sheffield and across to Manchester, Liverpool, Blackpool and Morecambe on the West Coast.
Throughout its life, the franchise suffered a shortage of drivers and rolling stock which led to many cancellations on a daily basis. An emergency timetable was later brought in which cancelled many services on a permanent basis rather than random as before. A long running dispute with the RMT union lead to a prolonged period of industrial action. As a result, the Strategic Rail Authority imposed a £2 million fine.
Arriva Trains Northern inherited a fleet of Class 142, Class 144, Class 150, Class 155, Class 156, Class 158, Class 308 and Class 321s from Regional Railways. In January 2001, the first of 16 Class 333s ordered to replace the Class 308s, entered service.
A shortage of available rolling stock to meet increasing demand led Arriva Trains Northern to lease Class 37s and Mark 2 carriages from English Welsh & Scottish to top and tail a daily service from Leeds to Carlisle for 12 months from September 2003.
|142 Pacer||Diesel multiple unit||75||120||6||1985-1987|
|144 Pacer||Diesel multiple unit||75||120||23||1986-1987|
|150 Sprinter||Diesel multiple unit||75||120||10||1985-1987|
|153 Super Sprinter||Diesel multiple unit||75||120||20||1987-1988|
|155 Super Sprinter||Diesel multiple unit||75||120||7||1987-1988|
|156 Super Sprinter||Diesel multiple unit||75||120||46||1987-1989|
|158 Express Sprinter||Diesel multiple unit||90||145||38||1989-1992|
|308||Electric multiple unit||75||120||33||1961|
|321||Electric multiple unit||100||160||3||1991|
|333||Electric multiple unit||100||160||16||2000|
|Mark 2 carriage||carriage||125||200||6||1969-1974|
In 2000, the Strategic Rail Authority announced that it planned to create a new TransPennine Express franchise transferring Arriva Train Northern's long distance regional services with the remainder to be combined with those of the Regional Railways North West franchise to form a new Northern franchise.
In July 2003, the Strategic Rail Authority awarded the TransPennine franchise to FirstGroup/Keolis with services operated by Arriva Trains Northern transferring to First TransPennine Express on 1 February 2004.
In July 2004, the Strategic Rail Authority awarded the Northern franchise to Serco-Abellio with the remaining services operated by Arriva Trains Northern transferring to Northern Rail on 12 December 2004.
- Companies House extract company no 3007932 Arriva Trains Northern Limited formerly Northern Spirit Limited formerly Regional Railways North East Limited
- *"Northern Spirit os brand new name for Regional Railways North East". RAIL. No. 332 (EMAP Apex Publications). 3–16 June 1998. p. 7. ISSN 0953-4563. OCLC 49953699.
- "Yorkshire & The Humber Transport Activist's Roundtable" (PDF). 2001.
- "Northern Spirit to serve Scotland from September" Rail issue 363 11 August 1999 page 10
- Recommended Cash Offer for MTL Services Arriva 18 February 2000
- "Arriva buys MTL for £84m" Rail issue 378 8 March 2000 page 13
- "Name changes for Arriva TOCs" Rail issue 408 2 May 2001 page 9
- "Arriva Northern switches to emergency timetable" The Railway Magazine issue 1209 January 2002 page 8
- "SRA hits Arriva with £2m fine" The Railway Magazine issue 1208 1 December 2001 page 14
- "RRNE confirms orders for 16 Class 333 EMUs for West Yorkshire" Rail issue 327 25 March 1998 page 10
- "Arriva's Northern Spirit Class 333 EMU is delivered" Rail issue 379 22 March 2000 page 7
- "Class 333s in service at last" The Railway Magazine issue 1199 March 2001 page 11
- "Loco-hauled trains back on the S&C" The Railway Magazine issue 1229 1 September 2003 page 7
- "New look for West Yorkshire units" Rail issue 344 18 November 1998 page 8
- "West Yorkshire PTE unveils new Class 158 livery" The Railway Magazine issue 1173 January 1999 page 56
- "TransPennine TOC to be created by SSRA puts five franchises up for sale early" The Railway Magazine issue 1189 May 2000 page 37
- The Trans-Pennine Express rail franchise Yorkshire & The Humber Transport Activist's Roundtable Briefing Note October 2001
- SRA Announce Preferred Bidder for TransPennine Express Franchise Strategic Rail Authority 28 July 2003
- Serco joint venture selected as preferred bidder for Northern Rail train operating franchise Serco Group 1 July 2004
Media related to Arriva Trains Northern at Wikimedia Commons
As part of British Rail
|Operator of the Regional Railways North East franchise
1997 - 2004
First TransPennine Express
TransPennine Express franchise