Arrowwood National Wildlife Refuge
|Arrowwood National Wildlife Refuge|
IUCN category IV (habitat/species management area)
|Location||Stutsman / Foster counties, North Dakota, United States|
|Nearest city||Pingree, ND|
|Area||15,934 acres (64 km2)|
|Established||September 4, 1935|
|Visitors||14,500 (in 2004)|
|Governing body||U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service|
Arrowwood National Wildlife Refuge is located in the U.S. state of North Dakota. Arrowwood NWR is a part of the Arrowwood National Wildlife Refuge Complex, and is managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. The refuge parallels 16 miles (27 km) of the James River and is a mixture of wetlands, forest and prairie. Efforts to ensure the refuge continues to provide prime nesting habitat for waterfowl include prescribed fire, haying, crop cultivation and livestock grazing. The refuge has forests with oak and hackberry which are uncommon on the prairie. It is believed that the name for the refuge is derived from Native American naming for arrow wood, as the wood in the forest was prized for the making of arrows.
During spring and fall migrations, between 90 and 100,000 waterfowl may be on the refuge. Over 100 species of birds have been spotted in the refuge. More than a dozen species of ducks and wading birds have been documented. The most common waterfowl usually seen include the Canada geese, mallards, pintails, blue-winged teal, shovelers, and gadwall. Other bird species that are relatively common include grebe, double-crested cormorant, great blue heron, black-crowned night heron, and American bittern. Other shorebirds such as the plover are also common.
The refuge permits hunting and fishing in season and with proper permit. Hunting is legal but only for deer, upland game birds such as grouse, fox and rabbits. There is a 5.5 mile (9.7 km) nature trail that leads from the visitor centor, although it may be closed during certain times of the year such as during the nesting season.
- Federal Writers' Project (1938). North Dakota, a Guide to the Northern Prairie State. WPA. p. 205. ISBN 978-1-62376-033-5.
- U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. "Arrowwood National Wildlife Refuge". Archived from the original on 19 June 2006. Retrieved 2006-05-17.
- "USGS Arrowwood Lake (ND)". TopoQuest. Retrieved 2008-06-29.
- U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. "Bird List". Arrowwood National Wildlife Refuge. Retrieved 2006-05-18.