|Preferred IUPAC name
|Systematic IUPAC name
3D model (JSmol)
|Molar mass||314.634 g/mol|
|Appearance||white to pale yellow crystalline solid|
|Melting point||31.1 °C (88.0 °F; 304.2 K)|
|Boiling point||221 °C (430 °F; 494 K)|
|soluble, partial hydrolysis indicated by fumes|
Refractive index (nD)
|US health exposure limits (NIOSH):|
|[1910.1018] TWA 0.010 mg/m3|
|Ca C 0.002 mg/m3 [15-minute]|
IDLH (Immediate danger)
|Ca [5 mg/m3 (as As)]|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ‹See TfM› ?)(|
Arsenic tribromide is the inorganic compound with the formula AsBr3. This pyramidal molecule is the only known binary arsenic bromide. AsBr3 is noteworthy for its very high refractive index of approximately 2.3. It also has a very high diamagnetic susceptibility. The compound exists as colourless deliquescent crystals that fume in moist air.
Arsenic tribromide can be prepared by the direct bromination of arsenic powder. Alternatively arsenic(III) oxide can be used as the precursor in the presence of elemental sulfur:
- 2 As2O3 + 3 S + 6 Br2 → 4 AsBr3 + 3 SO2
Bromides of arsenic
AsBr5 is not known, although the corresponding phosphorus compound PBr5 is well characterized. AsBr3 is the parent for a series of hypervalent anionic bromoarsenates including [As2Br8]2−, [As2Br9]3−, and [As3Br12]3−.
Organoarsenic bromides, (CH3)2AsBr and (CH3)AsBr2 are formed efficiently by the copper-catalyzed reaction of methyl bromide with hot arsenic metal. This synthesis is similar to the direct process used for the synthesis of methyl chlorosilanes.
Arsenic tribromide is toxic, as are most all arsenic compounds.
- "NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards #0038". National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).
- CRC handbook of Chemistry and Physics, CRC Press
- "Arsenic Tribromide" in Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry, 2nd Ed. Edited by G. Brauer, Academic Press, 1963, NY. Vol. 1. p. 597.
- Holleman, A. F.; Wiberg, E. "Inorganic Chemistry" Academic Press: San Diego, 2001. ISBN 0-12-352651-5.
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